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Intensity-Modulated or Proton Radiation Therapy for Sinonasal Malignancy

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 2017 by Massachusetts General Hospital
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Annie W. Chan, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier:
First received: October 21, 2011
Last updated: January 26, 2017
Last verified: January 2017

The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that 1)intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or proton radiation therapy would result in improved local control rate and lowered toxicity compared to conventional radiotherapy, and 2) proton radiation therapy would result in equivalent or improved local control rate with similar or lower toxicity compared to IMRT, in the treatment of locally advanced sinonasal malignancy.

Data from retrospective studies suggest that IMRT or proton radiation therapy resulted in promising outcome in patients with sinonasal malignancy. To this date, no prospective study has been conducted to evaluate the outcome of sinonasal cancer treated with IMRT or proton radiation therapy. This Phase II trial is the first prospective study conducted to determine the treatment outcome and toxicity of IMRT or proton in the treatment of sinonasal cancer.

IMRT and proton radiation therapy are the two most established and most commonly employed advanced radiotherapy techniques for the treatment of sinonasal cancer. It is highly controversial whether one is superior to the other in terms of local control and toxicity outcome. It is also not clear if a subset of patients would benefit more from one treatment technology versus the other.

Due to the rarity and heterogeneity of sinonasal malignancies and the fact that proton beam is only available at a few centers in the United States, it is not feasible at present to do a Phase III study randomizing patients between IMRT and proton radiation therapy. In this study, a planned secondary analysis will be performed, comparing the treatment and toxicity outcome between IMRT and proton. The data on the IMRT and proton comparison from this trial will be used to design future multi-center prospective trials and to determine if randomized trial is necessary.

In this study, the treatment technique employed for an individual case will not be determined by the treating physician(s), but rather by the most advanced technology available at the treating institution for the treatment of the sinonasal cancer. At the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), proton beam therapy will be used for patients who meet the eligibility criteria. For institutions where protons are not available or institutions where the proton planning systems have not been optimized, IMRT exclusively will be used for the treatment of sinonasal cancer. Patient and tumor characteristics are expected to be comparable between IMRT- and proton- institutions

Condition Intervention Phase
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Sinonasal Carcinoma
Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma
Schneiderian Carcinoma
Myoepithelial Carcinoma
Radiation: Proton radiation therapy
Radiation: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Intensity-Modulated or Proton Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Sinonasal Malignancy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Local Control Rates [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the local control rates with IMRT or proton radiation therapy at 2 years.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Vision preservation [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine the late visual-orbital late effects of IMRT or proton beam

  • Regional control [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the regional control at 2 years after IMRT or proton

  • Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine the long-term survival at 5 years after IMRT or proton

  • QOL [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To assess quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes after IMRT or proton

  • Patterns of Tumor Relapse [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine the patterns of tumor relapse after IMRT or proton

  • Local control [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine long-term local control after IMRT or proton

  • Neurocognitive function [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine long-term neurocognitive function after IMRT or proton

Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: July 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Proton beam therapy
Subjects treated at Massachusetts General Hospital with proton beam therapy
Radiation: Proton radiation therapy
Daily proton radiation therapy
Active Comparator: IMRT
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy at institutions other than Massachusetts General Hospital
Radiation: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy
Daily intensity-modulated radiotherapy
Other Name: IMRT

Detailed Description:

Subjects will receive daily proton radiation treatment as outpatients at the Francis H. Burr Proton Center at Massachusetts General Hospital. The subjects may also receive concurrent standard chemotherapy every week during their radiation therapy. This chemotherapy is considered standard treatment for their cancer and is not being done for research purposes.

In addition to daily radiation treatments, subjects will have the following tests every week: review of side effects; physical exam, including weight, height, neurological exam and vital signs; and blood tests, only for those subjects also receiving chemotherapy.

Subjects will be followed for 5 years after the completion of study treatment. The first follow-up visit will be 6-8 weeks after completion of study treatment. Additional follow-up visits will be performed every 3 months during the first 2 years following completion of radiation then every 6 month during years 3-5. At each follow-up visit, subjects will receive a physical exam, chest CT scan (at 1st follow-up visit then at least every 6 months), a CT or MRI tumor assessment (at 1st follow-up visit then at least every 6 months), quality-of-life questionnaire, hearing test, neuro-ophthalmology test, and neurocognitive test.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Biopsy proven, within 16 weeks prior to study entry, sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, including sinonasal carcinoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma, Schneiderian carcinoma, myoepithelial carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, esthesioneuroblastoma, or melanoma AJCC 7th edition Stage III - IVA/B tumors, or with skull base or intracranial extension. Pathology must be confirmed by review at the treating institution.
  • Patients with biopsy proven locally advanced sinus, nasal cavity, hard palate, soft palate, major or minor salivary gland tumors, or lacrimal apparatus, with nasal cavity, sinus, auditory canal, or skull base involvement are eligible.
  • Eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) performance status 0 - 1 or Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70. (Appendix B)
  • All patients must undergo pre-treatment evaluation of tumor extent prior to study entry through imaging studies and clinical examinations, including CT and/or MRI of skull base, brain and neck within 28 days prior to study entry; physical examination +/- nasal endoscopy within 28 days prior to study entry; and CT of the chest within 60 days prior to study entry.
  • Nutritional and general physical condition must be considered compatible with the proposed radiation +/- chemotherapy treatment.
  • Normal organ and marrow function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active alcohol addiction
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Receiving any other study agents
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cisplatin for subjects who will receive chemotherapy
  • Evidence of distant metastases or distant leptomeningeal metastases
  • Previous irradiation for head and neck tumor, skull base, or brain tumors
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • History of a different malignancy unless disease-free for at least 2 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low-risk for recurrence. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated for cure within the past 2 years: cervical cancer in situ, carcinoma in situ of the breast, and basal cell or squamous ceel carcinoma of the skin
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01586767

Contact: Annie W Chan, MD 617-724-1159
Contact: Elizabeth Weyman, BA 617-643-3505

United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Principal Investigator: Annie W Chan, MD         
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Robert Foote, M.D.    507-284-3551   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Annie W Chan, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Annie W. Chan, MD, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT01586767     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-308
2P01CA021239-29 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: October 21, 2011
Last Updated: January 26, 2017

Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
Nasal cavity
Salivary gland tumors
Hard palate
Soft Palate
Lacrimal Apparatus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic
Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
Nose Neoplasms
Nose Diseases
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Olfactory Nerve Diseases
Cranial Nerve Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases processed this record on April 21, 2017