Healthy Lifestyle in Pregnancy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01585454
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : April 25, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) )

Brief Summary:


- Women can gain too much weight or develop diabetes during pregnancy. If the mother is overweight or has diabetes during pregnancy, her baby may also be at risk of being overweight or developing diabetes. A woman s chance of getting diabetes increases if her parents or family members are overweight or have diabetes. Poor diet and exercise habits can also lead to weight gain and diabetes. Researchers want to study how best to improve the health of pregnant women and their children. They will do so by providing healthy lifestyle counseling for women receiving prenatal care at the Phoenix Indian Medical Center.


- To study the effectiveness of healthy lifestyle counseling for overweight and/or diabetic pregnant women.


  • Women at least 18 years of age who will receive pregnancy care at the Phoenix Indian Medical Center.
  • Participants must be overweight or obese. They may or may not have diabetes.


  • Participants will receive standard prenatal care from the midwives, doctors, and dietitians at the Phoenix Indian Medical Center.
  • Participants will work with National Institutes of Health staff for about 2 hours every week. These sessions may include phone calls, home visits, or group meetings.
  • Participants will have a total of nine measurement visits. The first visit will be at or before 16 weeks of pregnancy. The next three visits will be within a week of the first visit. Another four visits will take place between 23 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Participants will have different tests through their pregnancy. They will wear heart monitors and wrist monitors to measure heart rate and movement. They will provide information on their eating habits, physical activity, and mood and feelings during pregnancy. Blood samples will be collected to measure blood glucose (sugar) levels.
  • Participants will receive counseling on healthy eating and physical activity habits. They will be encouraged to invite friends or family members to learn more about healthy lifestyle choices.
  • The study will end with the final visit about 6 to 8 weeks after giving birth. A final blood sample will be collected. Participants will be asked questions about mood and feelings.

Condition or disease
Hperglycemia Diabetes Mellitus Weight Gain

Detailed Description:

American Indians are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications. Major factors responsible for this finding include obesity and intrauterine exposure to diabetes; the latter increases the risk of diabetes in the offspring particularly during childhood and adolescence. This study is designed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) in adult (age greater than or equal to 18 years) pregnant women of any race or ethnicity who are eligible for prenatal care at Phoenix Indian Medical Center (PIMC). Most of these women or their fetuses will be of American Indian heritage. Interventions will be provided to overweight and obese pregnant women who may have diabetes, develop gestational diabetes (GDM), or be at high risk of developing diabetes. We will evaluate our ability to maintain engagement and motivate adoption of a healthy diet and increased physical activity. The lifestyle intervention will be patterned after the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) that prevented or delayed the onset of diabetes in non pregnant adults; the interventions will be modified to be appropriate in pregnancy. A major modification will be to encourage managed weight gain instead of weight loss. For women who have or develop diabetes, interventions will include coaching to optimize glycemic control. In this protocol, we will seek to identify strategies that can successfully accomplish these goals. Results from this study will permit us to formulate appropriate intervention strategies for a large randomized clinical study to evaluate the impact of an intensive lifestyle intervention on pregnant women and their offspring.

The project will be conducted in collaboration between the nurse midwifery and obstetrics services at Phoenix Indian Medical Center (PIMC) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Important feasibility measures include evaluating our ability to enroll and retain pregnant women in a lifestyle intervention program and collect serial measures of gestational weight and glucose, objective measures of physical activity, and nutritional questionnaires.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Healthy Lifestyle in Pregnancy
Study Start Date : March 27, 2012
Study Completion Date : January 20, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Healthy Living

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gestational Weight Gain

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gestational Diabetes
  2. Complications of Pregnancy and Delivery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

    1. At least 18 years of age.
    2. Receive prenatal care at the nurse midwifery/obstetrics service of PIMC and plan to continue receiving such care throughout the pregnancy.
    3. Are able to have an OGTT prior to 16 weeks gestation (if diabetes was not previously diagnosed). Hyperemesis can preclude some pregnant women from successfully completing the OGTT; these women will not be excluded if the fasting blood samples can be obtained. Pregnant women with previously diagnosed diabetes are eligible if measures of glycemia (FPG, HbA1c, glycated albumin) are completed prior to 16 weeks gestation.
    4. Estimated prenatal BMI >25 kg/m2.
    5. Able to commit the time required for the interventions and follow-up.
    6. Able and willing to provide informed consent.


  1. Contraindication to aerobic or resistance exercise (ACOG, 2002).
  2. Twin or multiple gestation.
  3. Severe anemia, uncontrolled asthma, uncontrolled hypertension, cardiac disease, or any condition that requires follow-up at specialty care clinics outside of PIMC (e.g., pregnancies at high risk for maternal or fetal demise).
  4. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigators would interfere with consent, treatment, or follow-up.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01585454

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: William C Knowler, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Identifier: NCT01585454     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999912108
First Posted: April 25, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 4, 2018
Last Verified: January 20, 2016

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ):
Diabetes Mellitus
Weight Gain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Weight Gain
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms