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Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes (LIFT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583946
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

As individuals age, they undergo transitions in many aspects of their lives. These transitions include social, economic and health transitions. People review their lives, and reflect on past choices. Future time is limited by the increasing proximity to end of life. This may lead to regrets and, in people with the ability to use compensatory mechanisms, a redoubling of efforts to achieve valued goals or a reprioritization of valued goals. In the context of aging, individuals' past, present, and future-oriented subjective well-being (SWB) may change. There is an incomplete understanding of the relationship of SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and outcomes, (particularly health and healthcare-cost outcomes). These issues have complicated the use of SWB measures and the investigators are left with traditional metrics such as life expectancy, infant mortality, wealth, and poverty to assess healthy aging, resulting in an incomplete picture of healthy aging. This project will examine the relationships among SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and health and healthcare-cost outcomes. It will advance the understanding of SWB and its role in healthy aging in order to assist policy makers in valuing the potential benefits of improving SWB on health and healthcare costs. The investigators will accomplish this through the following specific aim:

Aim 1: To determine how SWB (past, present, and future-oriented): (1) is affected by life transitions, and (2) affects outcomes after life transitions.

Condition or disease
Quality of Life

  Show Detailed Description

Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 793 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Official Title: Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes
Study Start Date : April 2012
Primary Completion Date : May 2016
Study Completion Date : May 2016
Groups and Cohorts

Male low past-oriented SWB
Male high past-oriented SWB
Female low past-oriented SWB
Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female low past-oriented SWB
Black male low past-oriented SWB
Black male high past-oriented SWB

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. healthcare costs [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    healthcare costs

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. number of new diagnoses developed [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
  2. hospitalization [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    hospitalization (yes or no)

  3. hospital length of stay [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    among those hospitalized, length of stay

  4. disease management over one year [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Males and females 50 and older

Inclusion Criteria:

  • participants will be included if they are GIMO patients who complete the FAST,
  • are aged 50 or older,
  • agree to participate, and
  • belong to an unfilled bin.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Investigators will exclude individuals from the purposive sample who do not provide informed consent. There will be no exclusion based on race, gender, immigration, or HIV status.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01583946

United States, Pennsylvania
Division of General Internal Medicine UPMC Montefiore Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Principal Investigator: Rachel Hess, MD, MS University of Pittsburgh
More Information

Responsible Party: Rachel Hess, MD, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO11070243
1R01AT007262-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 24, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2016
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by Rachel Hess, University of Pittsburgh:
subjective well-being
life transitions
health-related quality of life
healthcare costs