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Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes (LIFT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583946
First Posted: April 24, 2012
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Hess, University of Pittsburgh
  Purpose

As individuals age, they undergo transitions in many aspects of their lives. These transitions include social, economic and health transitions. People review their lives, and reflect on past choices. Future time is limited by the increasing proximity to end of life. This may lead to regrets and, in people with the ability to use compensatory mechanisms, a redoubling of efforts to achieve valued goals or a reprioritization of valued goals. In the context of aging, individuals' past, present, and future-oriented subjective well-being (SWB) may change. There is an incomplete understanding of the relationship of SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and outcomes, (particularly health and healthcare-cost outcomes). These issues have complicated the use of SWB measures and the investigators are left with traditional metrics such as life expectancy, infant mortality, wealth, and poverty to assess healthy aging, resulting in an incomplete picture of healthy aging. This project will examine the relationships among SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and health and healthcare-cost outcomes. It will advance the understanding of SWB and its role in healthy aging in order to assist policy makers in valuing the potential benefits of improving SWB on health and healthcare costs. The investigators will accomplish this through the following specific aim:

Aim 1: To determine how SWB (past, present, and future-oriented): (1) is affected by life transitions, and (2) affects outcomes after life transitions.


Condition
Quality of Life

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Official Title: Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes

Further study details as provided by Rachel Hess, University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • healthcare costs [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    healthcare costs


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • number of new diagnoses developed [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
  • hospitalization [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    hospitalization (yes or no)

  • hospital length of stay [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]
    among those hospitalized, length of stay

  • disease management over one year [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ]

Enrollment: 793
Study Start Date: April 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2016
Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Male low past-oriented SWB
Male high past-oriented SWB
Female low past-oriented SWB
Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female low past-oriented SWB
Black male low past-oriented SWB
Black male high past-oriented SWB

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Males and females 50 and older
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • participants will be included if they are GIMO patients who complete the FAST,
  • are aged 50 or older,
  • agree to participate, and
  • belong to an unfilled bin.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Investigators will exclude individuals from the purposive sample who do not provide informed consent. There will be no exclusion based on race, gender, immigration, or HIV status.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01583946


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Division of General Internal Medicine UPMC Montefiore Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rachel Hess, MD, MS University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: Rachel Hess, MD, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO11070243
1R01AT007262-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: April 17, 2012
First Posted: April 24, 2012
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2016
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by Rachel Hess, University of Pittsburgh:
subjective well-being
life transitions
health-related quality of life
health
healthcare costs