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Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes (LIFT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Hess, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583946
First received: April 17, 2012
Last updated: June 7, 2016
Last verified: December 2015
  Purpose

As individuals age, they undergo transitions in many aspects of their lives. These transitions include social, economic and health transitions. People review their lives, and reflect on past choices. Future time is limited by the increasing proximity to end of life. This may lead to regrets and, in people with the ability to use compensatory mechanisms, a redoubling of efforts to achieve valued goals or a reprioritization of valued goals. In the context of aging, individuals' past, present, and future-oriented subjective well-being (SWB) may change. There is an incomplete understanding of the relationship of SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and outcomes, (particularly health and healthcare-cost outcomes). These issues have complicated the use of SWB measures and the investigators are left with traditional metrics such as life expectancy, infant mortality, wealth, and poverty to assess healthy aging, resulting in an incomplete picture of healthy aging. This project will examine the relationships among SWB, intra- and inter-personal resources, and health and healthcare-cost outcomes. It will advance the understanding of SWB and its role in healthy aging in order to assist policy makers in valuing the potential benefits of improving SWB on health and healthcare costs. The investigators will accomplish this through the following specific aim:

Aim 1: To determine how SWB (past, present, and future-oriented): (1) is affected by life transitions, and (2) affects outcomes after life transitions.


Condition
Quality of Life

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Official Title: Temporally-Oriented Subjective Well-being Across Transitions—Resources & Outcomes

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • healthcare costs [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    healthcare costs


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • number of new diagnoses developed [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • hospitalization [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    hospitalization (yes or no)

  • hospital length of stay [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    among those hospitalized, length of stay

  • disease management over one year [ Time Frame: Over at least 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 793
Study Start Date: April 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2016
Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Male low past-oriented SWB
Male high past-oriented SWB
Female low past-oriented SWB
Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female high past-oriented SWB
Black Female low past-oriented SWB
Black male low past-oriented SWB
Black male high past-oriented SWB

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Males and females 50 and older
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • participants will be included if they are GIMO patients who complete the FAST,
  • are aged 50 or older,
  • agree to participate, and
  • belong to an unfilled bin.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Investigators will exclude individuals from the purposive sample who do not provide informed consent. There will be no exclusion based on race, gender, immigration, or HIV status.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01583946

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Division of General Internal Medicine UPMC Montefiore Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rachel Hess, MD, MS University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: Rachel Hess, MD, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO11070243  1R01AT007262-01 
Study First Received: April 17, 2012
Last Updated: June 7, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
subjective well-being
life transitions
health-related quality of life
health
healthcare costs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 27, 2016