Study of Technology-assisted Treatment of Adolescent Depression (iTAD)
Major Depressive Disorder
Behavioral: Telephonic CBT
Behavioral: Wait List Control
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Information Technology Enabled Treatment of Adolescent Depression|
- Changes in measures of depression over the course of treatment among teens with Major Depressive Disorder. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]The measure used is the PHQ-9 (Kroenke, et al.), a standard and validated measure for use in screening for or monitoring adolescent depression. Teens that score positively on Item #9 (a self-harm risk item), will be further evaluated by the clinician using two interactive and validated methods for standardized assessment of suicide risk: a brief version of the Beck Hopelessness scale and the C-CASA (Columbia University). Teens needing referral to a behavioral health specialist will be referred by the nurse and/or the pediatrician for further evaluation and treatment.
- Evidence of program efficacy as indicate by changes in subjects' knowledge of depression. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]A Depression Knowledge Test (DKT) will be used to assess changes in the level of knowledge teens have about depression and its treatment. The DKT consists of 10 open response questions based on materials from the TADS Adolescent Workbook. Sample questions include "We know there are four main causes of depression. List as many as you can," and "There are some learned patterns that people need to change to overcome depression. List as many patterns as you can."
- Evidence of program efficacy as indicated by development of self-efficacy skills. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]A Skill Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) will be used to assess changes in the level of self-confidence teens have in their ability to use the cognitive behavioral skills taught in the demo program. Using the same assessment schedule as the DKT, teens will be asked to rate self-confidence in their ability to "set goals," "achieve goals," "know what they are feeling," "know how intensely they feel something," and "know what causes their feelings."
- Evidence of program efficacy as indicated by the establishment of therapeutic alliance. [ Time Frame: 12weeks ]Therapeutic alliance between adolescents and nurse managers will be measured by the Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Adolescents (TASA; Shrink et al., 2008. The TASA is explicitly designed to measure the strength of the therapeutic alliance among teens participating in CBT treatments. A maximum score is 6.0 based on a Likert scale from one to six. The list of items for this measure of therapeutic alliance indicates very high bonding between counselors and patients.
- Evidence of program efficacy as indicated by fidelity and treatment quality. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]The Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTR) will be used as a measure of treatment quality and fidelity of the calls by and interactions of the study nurses with the teens. The CTR has been considered a standard measure of competence in cognitive therapy for more than 20 years,(Young JE 1980; Dobson, Shaw et al. 1985; Vallis, Shaw et al. 1986). Recorded sessions will be rated on the scale by certified raters from the American Academy of Cognitive Therapy (ACT).
- Evidence of program efficacy as indicated by program acceptance. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]An acceptance questionnaire will be administered to teens to determine their overall perception and acceptance of the program. The questionnaire contains 9 questions, asking the subject to rate the usefulness of the program; comment on its quality, and suggest areas for improvement. The acceptance questionnaire uses a 7-point Likert scale for rating purposes ranging from (1 = not at all to 7 = extremely). It also includes three open-ended questions to capture what teens like the best or the least about the program, and their suggestions for improving the program.
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Telephonic CBT
Computer guided, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered by a clinician-administered telephone intervention.
Behavioral: Telephonic CBT
Cognitive behavioral therapy, guided by computer, using the TAD protocol for treatment of Adolescent Depression, modified for delivery by a nurse or master's level clinician over the telephone in 15-18 sessions lasting 30-45 minutes at weekly intervals. Includes regular and standardized weekly monitoring by the treating clinician of depressive symptoms and factors affecting suicide risk.
Sham Comparator: Wait List Control
Randomized wait list control with measurement of study outcomes at week 0, 3 and 5 after the initiation of waiting.
Behavioral: Wait List Control
Wait list control with measurement of key outcomes at baseline (week 0), and then weeks 3 and 5.
This Phase II SBIR project represents the continuing development of an Information Technology Enabled Disease Management System for Treatment of Adolescent Depression (iTAD) following a highly successful Phase I award in which all Specific Aims were met. The need for this system innovation arises from the substantial costs that inadequately treated adolescent Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) has on the course of adolescent development and society as a whole. Effective treatments involving the combined use of a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) and the administration of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is considered the "modal treatment" for adolescent MM. Yet, multiple barriers interfere with the implementation and dissemination of this "gold standard' of care. These barriers include: under recognition of depressive symptoms by parents and pediatricians, inability to assess adolescent depression accurately and reliably in primary care settings, safety concerns related to pharmacologic treatment, monitoring of symptom changes and adverse treatment effects, such as irritability and suicidal behavior, treatment non-compliance, lack of access to an integrated medical and treatment history; and an alarming shortage of properly trained child and adolescent psychiatrists capable of implementing optimal treatment safely, reliably, and effectively.
In this current project, the investigators are making tailored forms of CBT broadly and easily accessible to the community, using the iTAD (previously "ITEMS-TAD") which is intended to address these problems. Development of the system has continued and we have modified the existing prototype that was created with funding from federal sources (Phase 1). The technological infrastructure of the prototype includes a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) platform, a database consisting of patients' real time medical and treatment history, and an underlying set of intelligent algorithms that tailors the intensity of the treatment resources and approaches administered in individual cases, with a special focus on identifying those enrolled adolescents needing more intensive or urgent care. When interacting with patients over the telephone, primary care nurses use the CATI to facilitate the reliable assessment of patient status and administer manualized, empirically informed interventions. The programming for the platform that delivers this intervention is complete and the debugging and refinement underway. The content for the remaining iTAD program has been developed and is being programmed. A Rapid Iterative Evaluation & Testing (RITE) study was undertaken to refine the content of the application and assess the usability of the technology involved in its delivery; A field trial is underway to evaluate empirically indicators of efficacy and patient acceptance related to the ITEMS-TAD approach. The clinical trial of iTAD will begin in early April 2012. The investigators are currently enrolling depressed adolescents who will begin the trial shortly.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01582581
|United States, Connecticut|
|University of Connecticut Health Center|
|Farmington, Connecticut, United States, 06030|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Woburn Pediatric Associates|
|Woburn, Massachusetts, United States, 01801|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven E Locke, MD||iHope Network, Inc.|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas J. McLaughlin, ScD||iHope Network, Inc.|