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Characterization of the Effects of Prolonged-release Fampridine on Ambulatory Function in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis (FAMPKIN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01576354
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2015 by University of Zurich.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2012
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Zurich

Brief Summary:

The objective of the present investigator-initiated mono-center trial to be performed at the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital Zurich is a detailed characterization of the effects of prolonged-release fampridine on walking function of 50-70 patients with MS. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with cross-over design, changes of essential gait elements such as stability, coordination, correct loading, posture or endurance in addition to walking speed after treatment with prolonged-release fampridine will be investigated using a comprehensive kinematic gait analysis protocol. This protocol comprises outcome parameters ranging from very specific and sensitive biomechanical measures to clinically meaningful indicators of improved ambulatory function. Kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic gait parameters will be assessed during treadmill walking (primary outcome parameters). Changes in overground walking capacity will be investigated by means of different functional walking tests (e.g. six minute walk test). Furthermore, the patient's perception of the effects of the treatment on walking function will be evaluated by a standardized questionnaire. Changes of global ambulatory activity will be assessed (Actimeter) indicating a successful translation of improved gait (sub-)functions due to prolonged-release fampridine treatment into everyday life. The study will last for a period of 18 weeks, excluding the screening period. Based on the mechanism of action, the investigators hypothesize that treatment with prolonged-release fampridine will not only improve walking speed, but also clinically more meaningful features of walking function in patients with MS.

  • Trial with medicinal product

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Prolonged-release Fampridine Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIb, Double-blind, Randomized, Mono-center, Placebo-controlled Study With Crossover Design Characterizing the Effects of Prolonged-release Fampridine Treatment on Ambulatory Function in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Using Detailed Gait Analysis Based on Kinematic and Kinetic Parameters
Study Start Date : March 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Prolonged-release Fampridine Drug: Prolonged-release Fampridine
10mg tablet twice a day (every 12 hours), orally
Other Name: 4-aminopyridine, dalfampridine, ampyra, fampyra

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
tablet twice a day (every 12 hours), orally (matched placebo is provided as oval-shaped, white to off-white, matrix tablets. Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changed walking pattern on treadmill under fampridine treatment. [ Time Frame: Assessment during double-blind fampridine and double-blind placebo treatment (each for 6 weeks, assessments in week 4 and 6). Averaged values from the 2 different testing sessions per treatment period will be compared. ]
    Electromyographic, kinematic and kinetic gait parameters describing stability, balance, posture, foot placement, loading, intra- and interlimb coordination and general dynamics of lower extremities will be recorded during treadmill walking.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6 minute Walking Test [ Time Frame: The test will be performed at all Visits (14) over a period of 18 weeks. Subjects will complete the task once per testing session/visit. ]
  2. Timed 25-foot Walk test [ Time Frame: The test will be performed 13 times over a period of 18 weeks. Subjects will complete the task four times per testing session/visit, two times with and two times without walking aids (in case walking aids are required). ]
  3. Timed-Up-and-Go test [ Time Frame: Subjects will complete the task two times per testing session/visit, once with and once without walking aids (in case walking aids are required). The task will be performed 4 times over a period of 18 weeks. ]
  4. Berg Balance Scale [ Time Frame: The subjects' performances are rated 4 times over a period of 18 weeks. ]
  5. Dynamic Gait Index [ Time Frame: The performance is rated 4 times over a period of 18 weeks. ]
  6. LEMMT [ Time Frame: Lower Extremity Manual Muscle Test will be performed 4 times over a period of 18 weeks. ]
    modified British Medical Research Council (BMRC) manual muscle test: hip flexors, knee flexors, knee extensors, and ankle dorsiflexors

  7. Actimeter [ Time Frame: The device will be worn for 14 days during each double-blind treatment periods (two 6-weeks-periods). ]
  8. 12-item MS Walking Scale [ Time Frame: Subjects are asked to complete the standardized questionnaire 4 times over a period of 18 weeks. ]
  9. Fatigue Questionnaire (WEIMuS) [ Time Frame: Subjects are asked to complete the standardized questionnaire at each visit except the Screening Visit (i.e., 13 times) over a period of 18 weeks. ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information (PHI) in accordance with national and local subject privacy regulations.
  2. Male or female subjects must be 18 to 65 years old, inclusive, at the time of informed consent.
  3. Must have a diagnosis of either primary progressive, secondary progressive, progressive remitting, or relapsing remitting MS as defined by the revised McDonald Committee criteria [Lublin et al. 1996; McDonald et al. 2001; Polman et al. 2005; Section 22.4, Appendix L] of at least 3 months duration.
  4. Must be able to walk at least 50 meters (with or without a walking aid) at each individual 6minWT conducted pre-randomization.
  5. Must have an impaired walking function demonstrated by a mild gait ataxia (Functional System (FS) score = 2 in the cerebellar system component of the EDSS) or a FS score of > 2 in the pyramidal system component of the EDSS based only on evaluation of the lower limbs (hip flexors, knee flexors, knee extensors, and ankle dorsiflexors)or a restricted ambulation (< 1h walking duration) at the Screening Visit.
  6. Female subjects of childbearing potential must practice effective contraception during the study and be willing and able to continue contraception for 30 days after their last dose of study treatment.
  7. Subjects must be able to understand the patient information sheet and comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Main Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any history of seizure, epilepsy, or other convulsive disorder, with the exception of febrile seizures in childhood.
  • Any prior treatment with anti-epileptic medications specifically prescribed for the treatment of epilepsy.
  • Onset of MS exacerbation within the 60 days prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Use of mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide, rituximab, alemtuzumab, daclizumab, cladribine or any other immune suppressant (except FTY720) or antibody (except natalizumab) within 3 months prior to the Screening Visit, or scheduled use during study participation.
  • Pulsed steroid treatment within the 60 days prior to the Screening Visit, or at any time during the screening period.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding,
  • Clinically significant concomitant disease states such as renal failure, (e.g., moderate or severe renal impairment), hepatic dysfunction (e.g., acute or chronic hepatitis), cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, malignant disease (tumor, neoplasia) etc.
  • Participation in another study with investigational drug within the 30 days preceding and during the present study.
  • Contraindications to the class of drugs under study, e.g. known allergy to pyridine-containing substances.
  • Any prior treatment with fampridine (4-aminopyridine; 4 AP) or 3,4-diaminopyridine in any formulation.
  • Patients with an acute urinary tract infection at the Screening Visit as indicated by symptoms like painful urination/dysuria, urinary frequency, urinary urgency, pollakiuria, suprapubic pain, flank pain, costovertebral angle tenderness or fever >38°C in combination with a clinically significant pathological finding in the urine analysis (e.g., positive for leukocytes) at the Screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01576354

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University Hospital Zurich, Division of Neurology
Zurich, ZH, Switzerland, 8091
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Zurich
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Principal Investigator: Michael Linnebank, MD University Hospital Zurich, Division of Neurology
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Zurich Identifier: NCT01576354    
Other Study ID Numbers: FAMPKIN
First Posted: April 12, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015
Keywords provided by University of Zurich:
Multiple Sclerosis
walking function
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Potassium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action