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Effect of Mirror Therapy on Lower Extremity Motor Control and Gait in Patients With Stroke

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01574079
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 10, 2012
Results First Posted : September 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lisa J Barnes, University of Mississippi Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Mirror therapy may be an effective intervention in increasing motor control and gait performance in patients with stroke.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Stroke Other: Traditional Physical Therapy Other: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy

Detailed Description:
Using a mirrored image of the uninvolved extremity superimposed upon the involved extremity during exercise may facilitate improved motor control in patients after stroke.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Mirror Therapy on Lower Extremity Motor Control and Gait in Patients With Stroke
Study Start Date : November 2010
Primary Completion Date : November 2012
Study Completion Date : November 2012

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MedlinePlus related topics: Health Checkup
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Traditional Physical Therapy
The control group will receive traditional physical therapy interventions directed at neuromuscular rehabilitation.
Other: Traditional Physical Therapy
Traditional physical therapy includes, but is not limited to, therapeutic exercise, functional mobility training, pre-gait and gait activities, electrotherapeutic modalities, and education.
Experimental: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy
The mirror therapy will entail 15 minutes of exercises for the lower extremities focusing on ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, and hip flexion.
Other: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy
The treatment group will receive traditional physical therapy intervention as described in the control group with the addition of mirror therapy. The participant will attempt to perform the flexion exercises with both lower extremities. The patient will be blinded to the affected lower extremity with a mirror, and will be looking at the image of the unaffected lower extremity superimposed on the affected lower extremity as he or she performs the activities.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functional Independence Measure - Locomotor Score [ Time Frame: measured at admission and discharge from rehab estimated length of stay 14 days ]
    The Functional Independence Measure (FIM)assesses level of disability and measures progress toward independence with rehabilitational intervention. The tool consists of 18 items. Only the the locomotor score was used to assess gait ability in this study. The locomotor score ranges from 1 - 7 with a higher score indicating a higher level of functional independence.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Timed Up and Go [ Time Frame: Measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days ]
    The Timed Up and Go (TUG) is used to assess balance and gait, and to estimate fall risks in patients with deficits. The participant rises from a seated position in a chair, walks 3 meters, turns around, returns to the chair, and sits down. The test is measured in seconds, with a lower number indicating a higher level of independence and the least risk for falls.

  2. Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement [ Time Frame: measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days ]
    The Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement (STREAM)is designed to measure mobility and motor ability after stroke. There are three subscales with 10 items each assessing the upper extremity, lower extremity, and basic mobility. Only the lower extremity and basic mobility items were used in this study. The lower extremity scores ranged from 0 - 18 with higher scores indicating a higher level of motor control. The basic mobility scores ranged from 0 - 30 with high numbers indicating a higher level of functional mobility.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • lower extremity Brunnstrom stage 2,
  • lower extremity modified ashworth < 3,
  • has the ability to follow 3-step command in English,
  • has only unilateral involvement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • lower extremity Brunnstrom stage 1,
  • lower extremity modified ashworth 3 or higher,
  • history of prior stroke,
  • Passive Range of Motion limitation of hip and or knee flexion < 90,
  • has visual deficits which prevent participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01574079


Locations
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center - University Rehabilitation
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lisa J Barnes, PT DPT University of Mississippi Medical Center
Study Director: Keri H McCullough, DPT University of Mississippi Medical Center - University Rehabilitation
Study Director: Kim C Wilcox, PT MsPT PhD University of Mississippi Medical Center - Director of Neurologic Residency Program

Responsible Party: Lisa J Barnes, Associate Professor, University of Mississippi Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01574079     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-0244
First Posted: April 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 11, 2014
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stroke
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases