Effect of Mirror Therapy on Lower Extremity Motor Control and Gait in Patients With Stroke
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01574079|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 10, 2012
Results First Posted : September 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2014
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Stroke||Other: Traditional Physical Therapy Other: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||33 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Effect of Mirror Therapy on Lower Extremity Motor Control and Gait in Patients With Stroke|
|Study Start Date :||November 2010|
|Primary Completion Date :||November 2012|
|Study Completion Date :||November 2012|
Active Comparator: Traditional Physical Therapy
The control group will receive traditional physical therapy interventions directed at neuromuscular rehabilitation.
Other: Traditional Physical Therapy
Traditional physical therapy includes, but is not limited to, therapeutic exercise, functional mobility training, pre-gait and gait activities, electrotherapeutic modalities, and education.
Experimental: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy
The mirror therapy will entail 15 minutes of exercises for the lower extremities focusing on ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, and hip flexion.
Other: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy
The treatment group will receive traditional physical therapy intervention as described in the control group with the addition of mirror therapy. The participant will attempt to perform the flexion exercises with both lower extremities. The patient will be blinded to the affected lower extremity with a mirror, and will be looking at the image of the unaffected lower extremity superimposed on the affected lower extremity as he or she performs the activities.
- Functional Independence Measure - Locomotor Score [ Time Frame: measured at admission and discharge from rehab estimated length of stay 14 days ]The Functional Independence Measure (FIM)assesses level of disability and measures progress toward independence with rehabilitational intervention. The tool consists of 18 items. Only the the locomotor score was used to assess gait ability in this study. The locomotor score ranges from 1 - 7 with a higher score indicating a higher level of functional independence.
- Timed Up and Go [ Time Frame: Measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days ]The Timed Up and Go (TUG) is used to assess balance and gait, and to estimate fall risks in patients with deficits. The participant rises from a seated position in a chair, walks 3 meters, turns around, returns to the chair, and sits down. The test is measured in seconds, with a lower number indicating a higher level of independence and the least risk for falls.
- Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement [ Time Frame: measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days ]The Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement (STREAM)is designed to measure mobility and motor ability after stroke. There are three subscales with 10 items each assessing the upper extremity, lower extremity, and basic mobility. Only the lower extremity and basic mobility items were used in this study. The lower extremity scores ranged from 0 - 18 with higher scores indicating a higher level of motor control. The basic mobility scores ranged from 0 - 30 with high numbers indicating a higher level of functional mobility.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01574079
|United States, Mississippi|
|University of Mississippi Medical Center - University Rehabilitation|
|Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216|
|Principal Investigator:||Lisa J Barnes, PT DPT||University of Mississippi Medical Center|
|Study Director:||Keri H McCullough, DPT||University of Mississippi Medical Center - University Rehabilitation|
|Study Director:||Kim C Wilcox, PT MsPT PhD||University of Mississippi Medical Center - Director of Neurologic Residency Program|