Rapid Sequence Intubation With Magnesium-rocuronium Compared With Succinylcholine - A Randomised Clinical Study (MagInRoc)
Magnesium accelerates the reaction of rocuronium, a neuromuscular blocker used for muscle relaxation to ease the intubation during anaesthesia.
Succinylcholine is a very fast reacting neuromuscular blocker. It is often used in emergency procedures, when rapid intubation is necessary.
We want to now if a perfusion of magnesium before anaesthesia accelerates to such an extent the reaction of rocuronium that intubation conditions are comparable or even better than with succinylcholine alone (prior perfusion of saline=placebo)
Drug: Magnesium perfusion
Drug: Placebo perfusion
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Rapid Sequence Intubation With Magnesium-rocuronium Compared With Succinylcholine - A Randomised Clinical Study|
- Intubation score [ Time Frame: Patient will be followed over 24 hours ]Intubation conditions will be evaluated using a published score that takes into account ease of laryngoscopy (easy, fair, difficult), vocal cords position (abducted, intermediate/moving, closed) and presence of diaphragmatic movement or coughing while inserting the tube (none, slight, vigorous/sustained). The final score summarises intubation conditions as excellent (all qualities are excellent), good (all qualities are either excellent or good), or poor (presence of a single quality listed under "poor").
- Signs of histamine release [ Time Frame: From start of anesthesia induction upto 30 minutes after intubation ]Immediately after intubation, patients will be evaluated for signs of histamine release (bronchospasm, erythema, oedema).
- awareness and muscle pain [ Time Frame: 24 hour follow up ]The day after surgery, patients will be visited and will be screened for awareness and muscle pain.
|Study Start Date:||September 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Magnesium perfusion - Rocuronium
60 mg/kg of magnesium perfusion over 15 minutes before Anaesthesia. After Anaesthesia induction 0.6 mg/kg of Rocuronium intravenously
Drug: Magnesium perfusion
The patient receives during 15 minutes a perfusion of 60mg/kg of Magnesium sulphate before induction of anaesthesia.
Other Name: MagnesiumDrug: Rocuronium
Immediately after anaesthesia induction and loss of consciousness 0,6 mg/kg of rocuronium will be injected
Other Name: Zemuron
Active Comparator: Placebo perfusion - Succinylcholine
1ml/kg of saline (placebo) over 15 minutes before Anaesthesia. After Anaesthesia induction 1 mg/kg of Succinylcholine intravenously
Drug: Placebo perfusion
The patient receives during 15 minutes a perfusion of 1 ml/kg of saline before induction of anaesthesia
Other Name: SalineDrug: Succinylcholine
Immediately after anaesthesia induction at loss of consciousness 1 mg/kg of succinylcholine will be injected
Other Name: Anectine
Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is the preferred method of endotracheal intubation in the emergency setting. The aim of RSI is to achieve rapid unconsciousness and complete neuromuscular blockade which facilitates endotracheal intubation. RSI is of particular importance in unfastened patients who are at risk of regurgitation and subsequent aspiration of stomach contents into the lungs during induction of anaesthesia.
Still today, succinylcholine is the neuromuscular blocking agent of choice for RSI. However, unfortunately in 60 at 80% the intubations conditions not are excellent and there are contraindications for the usage of succinylcholine and numerous side effects. Thus there is a need for alternative techniques that allow for rapid, high-quality and safe intubation conditions. Magnesium has an impact on neuromuscular transmission; it reduces the amount of acetylcholine that is released at the motor nerve terminal.
It has been shown that an IV infusion of magnesium sulphate prior to a standard intubation dose of rocuronium enhanced the speed of onset of the neuromuscular block compared with rocuronium alone by about 35% and there was much less variability in onset times. This makes the combination magnesium-rocuronium a potentially interesting alternative to succinylcholine for RSI.
The investigators objective is to compare in surgical patients during a standardized RSI procedure intubation conditions with rocuronium 0.6 mg kg-1 after pre-treatment with intravenous MgSO4 60 mg kg-1 (experimental intervention) with succinylcholine 1 mg kg-1 (control intervention) and to quantify any minor or major adverse event.
The investigators primary hypothesis is that with rocuronium 0.6 mg kg-1, after pre-treatment with MgSO4 60 mg kg-1, the rate of excellent intubation conditions will be higher (80%) compared with succinylcholine 1 mg kg-1 (60%).
This is a two centre (Division of Anaesthesiology, Geneva University Hospitals and Division of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Lausanne), stratified (male, female), randomized, double blinded study including 280 patients.
The investigators will compare in surgical patients during a standardized RSI procedure intubation conditions with rocuronium 0.6 mg kg-1 after pre-treatment with intravenous MgSO4 60 mg kg-1 (experimental intervention) with succinylcholine 1 mg kg-1 (control intervention).
Intubation conditions will be evaluated by the intubating anaesthesiologist following predefined criteria. The intubating anesthetist will not be present at study drug administration to guarantee blinding. Only two intubating anaesthetists will be identified per participating centre.
Rapid sequence intubation is a cornerstone of daily anaesthetic practice and succinylcholine is still the most frequently used neuromuscular agent in this context. In some patients, succinylcholine is contraindicated and therefore alternatives to this very fast reacting neuromuscular blocker are needed. If the investigators show that the investigators proposed magnesium-rocuronium regimen provides better intubation conditions as succinylcholine, the investigators study is likely to have an important impact on daily clinical practice.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01571908
|University Hospital of Geneva, Anesthesia Department|
|Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, 1211|
|Division of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)|
|Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011|
|Principal Investigator:||Christoph Czarnetzki, MD, PD||University hospitals of Geneva|
|Study Chair:||Martin R Tramèr, MD, PhD||University hospitals of Geneva|
|Principal Investigator:||Christian Kern, MD, Prof||University Hospitals of Lausanne, Switzerland|