Imaging Studies and the Development of Multiple Myeloma
- Multiple myeloma (MM) is a type of malignant blood cancer. It affects the plasma cells, which help produce antibodies and fight infection. MM is nearly always preceded by a pre-malignant state, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM). Currently, it is not possible to predict when someone with MGUS or SMM will develop MM. Also, the disease changes in those early states are not well understood. Researchers want to look at imaging studies of people with MGUS, SMM, and MM. They will study whether the growth of blood vessels can be used to predict disease progression.
- To use imaging studies to evaluate disease progression in multiple myeloma.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have MGUS, SMM, or newly diagnosed MM.
- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will also have blood and urine tests, and provide bone marrow samples.
- Participants will have positron emission tomography (PET) scans with the new contrast agent F-Fluciclatide. The contrast agent is intended to show patterns of increased vessel growth in the bone marrow.
- Participants will also have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. This scan will be done according to standard procedures.
- Researchers will compare these scans with blood tests and other clinical information to study disease progression of MGUS, SMM, and MM....
Smoldering Multiple Myeloma
Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Novel Imaging Modalities to Characterize Angiogenesis in the Bone Marrow Microenvironment in Multiple Myeloma (MM) and Its Precursor Disease|
- To explore the distribution of 18F-Fluciclatide PET/CT in bone marrow microenvironment in patients with multiple myeloma and its precursor disease (MGUS and SMM) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Distribution of agent [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
|Study Start Date:||March 27, 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||April 23, 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 23, 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01571726
|Principal Investigator:||Carl O Landgren, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|