Efficacy Between Different Two Self-Expanding Nitinol Stents For The Atherosclerotic Femoro-Popliteal Arterial Disease (SENS-FP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01570803|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study could not be initiated due to lack of research funding from the sponsors.)
First Posted : April 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 15, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Arterial Disease Atherosclerosis||Device: S.M.A.R.T CONTROL Stent Device: Complete SE Stent||Not Applicable|
Five randomized, controlled trials failed to demonstrate any benefit of a stainless-steel stent over angioplasty alone. The nitinol stent has proven superior primary patency than balloon angioplasty in superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions. Several studies reported stent fractures were associated with a higher risk of in-stent restenosis and reocclusion. In vitro, Stefan et al. reported the 7 different SFA stents showed differences in the incidence of high strain zones, which indicates a potential for stent fracture, as demonstrated by the mechanical fatigue tests. They claimed differences in stent design might play a major role in the appearance of stent strut fracture related to restenosis and reocclusion. Also, in retrospective study, Iida et al. reported there was significant difference in stent fracture between S.M.A.R.T. stent group and Luminexx stent group and primary patency was worse in those associated with stent fracture than in those without stent fractures. Recent stent design improvements focus on decreasing stent fracture rates which can negatively impact patency rates by rearranging strut alignment.
The design of self-expandible nitinol stents might be different depending on the developed time; The first-generation nitinol stents (e.g., LuminexxTM and SmartTM) showed a remarkably high rate of stent strut fracture. A second generation of slotted tube nitinol stents has been developed. These stents had a better flexibility, by reducing the number of connections between cells or crowns, and by configurating spiral orientation of these interconnections. Several studies reported that these nitinol stents are more fracture-resistant and more flexible, some of them providing superior patency rate (e.g., LifeTM and EverflexTM). However, the one of the important limitations to their studies is that those was the non-randomized study of relative small sample size or was confined to in-vitro. Upto date, the multicenter, randomized controlled trial for direct comparison of stent fracture and primary patency between two different nitinol stents has not been done except one study; SMART versus Luminexx stent. SMART and Luminexx stent have been classified into 1st generation self-expandable nitinol stent. Complete-SE stent of Medtronic company was different to Smart stent of Cordis company in that the configuration of interconnection of Complete-SE stent had peak-to-peak connection and more spiral orientation of interconnection, compared to mart stent. On the other hand, Smart stent has the peak-to-valley bridge and in-line interconnection. Medtronics company have claimed Complete's stent crowns have been configured to minimize crown to crown interaction, increasing the stent's flexibility without compromising radial strength. We made the hypothesis that the design of Complete-SE stent might be more fracture-resistant or effective for in-stent restenosis, compared with Smart stent.
On the other hand, to date, in previous many reports, the dual antiplatelet therapy consisted of aspirin and clopidogrel have proven to decrease the incidence of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization without an increase in major bleeding in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention regardless of stent type (bare metal stent or drug-eluting stent). In 2011 ESC (European society of cardiology) guideline, dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and a thienopyridine for at least one month is recommended after infra-inguinal bare metal stent implantation (Class I, Level C). However, there have been no the definite evidence or guideline for the optimal antiplatelet agents after stent implantation one month later. There have been many studies for the efficacy of thienopyridine in peripheral arterial disease. Also, With the potential benefit of cilostazol on vascular function in vitro, there have several previous efforts to prove the efficacy of cilostazol in patients undergoing endovascular therapy or stent implantation in peripheral arterial disease. However, still specific data regarding a variety of antiplatelet regimen are limited. Also, very few trials have effectively nor properly addressed the direct comparison for the efficacy and safety between clopidogrel and cilostazol. This trial designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety between aspirin plus clopidogrel versus aspirin plus cilostazol in patients undergoing stent implantation in femoropopliteal lesions.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Efficacy of Self-Expanding Nitinol S.M.A.R.T-CONTROL Stent Versus Complete SE Stent For The Atherosclerotic Femoro-Popliteal Arterial Disease : Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Trial (SENS-FP Trial)|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||January 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 2018|
Experimental: Complete SE Stent
study design is 2x2 randomization design. First, before randomization, stratification will be performed according to lesion length 15cm criteria at web-based computerized program. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 manner according to different two (SMART versus Complete-SE) stents. And then, patients received aspirin and clopidogrel during one month. After one month from index procedure, patients were randomized to receive either clopidogrel group (clopidogrel will not be changed but continue) or cilostazol group (clopidogrel will be changed into cilostazol) in separate groups of SMART group and Complete SE group. Randomization procedure will be performed using a web-based program
Device: Complete SE Stent
same to SMART CONTROL Stent
Active Comparator: SMART CONTROL Stent
same to Complete SE
Device: S.M.A.R.T CONTROL Stent
Provisional stenting should be performed; the case that optimal ballooning response is not obtained (sub-optimal balloon response) should be enrolled. The procedure is usually done, as follows; After the guidewire is passed through the target lesion, predilation of the target lesion with an optimally sized balloon will be performed prior to stent implantation. Recommended, minimal balloon dilation time is 120 seconds. The sub-optimal balloon response is defined as a residual pressure gradient of >15 mmHg, residual stenosis of >30%, and flow-limiting dissection.
- The rate of binary restenosis [ Time Frame: one year ]the rate of binary restenosis (stenosis of at least 50 percent of the luminal diameter) or PSVR ≥ 2.5 or zero (PSVR=peak systolic velocity within the area of stenosis divided by peak systolic velocity in a normal adjacent proximal artery segment) in the treated segment at 12 months after intervention as determined by catheter angiography or Duplex ultrasound
- stent fracture rate, clinical outcomes, angiographic outcomes, ankle-brachial index [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- stent fracture rate according to fracture grade (minor, moderate, severe
- Limb salvage rate free of above-the-ankle amputation
- Sustained clinical improvement rate at 12 month follow-up
- Repeated target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate
- Repeated target extremity revascularization (TER) rate
- Total re-occlusion rate
- Comparison of angiographic variables consisted of late loss and % restenosis
- Ankle-brachial index (ABI) at 12 months
- The rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) composed of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke at 12 months
- Incidence of geographic miss during stent deployment due to jumping and elongation
- The rate of binary restenosis or PSVR ≥ 2.5 or zero according to clopidogrel and cilostazol
- Major bleeding rate between clopidogrel and cilostazol group.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01570803
|Korea, Republic of|
|Cardiovascular center, Korea University Guro Hospital|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 152-703|
|Korea University Guro Hospital|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 152-703|
|Principal Investigator:||Seung-Woon Rha, MD, PhD||Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, 80, Guro-dong, Guro-gu, Seoul, 152-703, Korea|