The Treatment of Traumatised Refugees With Sertraline Versus Venlafaxine in Combination With Psychotherapy (PTF3)
Background: The treatment of traumatised refugees is one of the areas within the field of psychiatry with the weakest evidence for the different types of treatment. This is a problem for both patients and doctors as well as for society.
The treatment of choice today for Post Traumatic Stress disorder (PTSD) is antidepressants from the subgroup of Selektive Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI), among these the drug Sertraline. The evidence for the use of these drugs as treatment for chronically complex PTSD in traumatised refugees is however very limited and a large part of the group is estimated to be insufficiently treated with this type of medicine. Venlafaxine is an antidepressant from the subgroup of dual action product which means that is works on several pathways in the brain. Among others it influences the area in the brain that is responsible for the enhanced anxiety and hyperarousal experienced by traumatised refugees and which is found to be enlarged among patients suffering from PTSD.
All together there is not sufficient evidence to conclude which type of medical and psychological treatment that is most efficient when it comes to the treatment of traumatised refugees. Also there is a lack of studies which examines social functioning and the relation between psychosocial resources and outcome from treatment. Furthermore there is a lack of knowledge of predictors of treatment outcome for the individual patients. This study seeks to produce some of this evidence.
Method: This study is expected to include approximately 150 patients randomised into two different groups. The patients are treated with Setraline or Venlafaxine depending on the group the randomised to. Patients in both groups are getting the same version of manual based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy that is specially adapted to this group of patients. The treatment period is 6-7 month. The trial endpoints are PTSD-and depression symptoms and social functioning all measured on internationally validated ratings scales.
Furthermore the study will examine the relation between expected outcome of treatment from a range of predictors and the actual treatment results for the individual patient.
Results: Altogether this study will bring forward new standards for clinical evaluation and treatment of traumatised refugees and the results are expected to be used in reference programmes/clinical guidelines.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Treatment of Traumatised Refugees With Sertraline Versus Venlafaxine in Combination With Psychotherapy - a Randomised Clinical Study|
- Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline after aprox. 6 months treatment ]Self administered Rating Scale
- Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL-25) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline after aprox. 6 months treatment ]
- Social Adjustment Scale Self Report (SAS-SR) short version [ Time Frame: Change from baseline after aprox. 6 months treatment ]
- Hamilton Depresssion Scale (17 items) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline after aprox. 6 months treatment ]
- Hamilton Anxiety Scale (14 items) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline after aprox. 6 months treatment ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Venlafaxine
6 months treament vith Venlafaxine (if patient has troubles sleeping in combination with Mianserine) in recommended dose in combination with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Tablets, once a day, max 375 mg day (maximal recommended dose)
Other Name: Efexor
Active Comparator: Sertraline
6 months treament vith Sertraline (if patient has troubles sleeping in combination with Mianserine) in recommended dose in combination with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Tablets, once a day, maximum 200 mg/day (maximum required dose)
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01569685
|Competence Center for Transcultural Psychiatry|
|Gentofte, Denmark, 2900|
|Principal Investigator:||Charlotte K Sonne, MD||Psychiatric Center Ballerup|