Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Angina Pectoris

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01567592
Recruitment Status : Suspended
First Posted : March 30, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2012
KMH Cardiology and Diagnostic Centres
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

Low intensity shockwaves have been proven in animal studies to induce local growth of new blood vessels from existing ones.

The hypothesis of this study is that shockwave therapy could improve the symptoms of patients with refractory angina not amenable to revascularization with angioplasty or bypass surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory Angina Pectoris Device: Cardiac Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy generator (Cardiospec) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Low intensity shockwaves (1/10 the ones used in Lithotripsy) are delivered to myocardial ischemic tissue. Shockwaves are created by a special generator and are focused using a shockwave applicator device. The treatment is guided by standard echocardiography equipment. The shockwaves are delivered in synchronization with Patient R-wave to avoid arrhythmias. The treatment is painless.

At first, the patient undergoes stress- SPECT testing to identify the ischemic areas. Following that, the same area is localized by the ultra-sound device and the shockwaves are focused to the ischemic area. Several treatments are required for optimal results.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Trial Evaluating the Treatment of Patients With Refractory Angina Pectoris With Low Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy Device
Study Start Date : March 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Angina

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Active Shockwave Therapy
Treatment group. Patients in this group receive actual shockwave therapy.
Device: Cardiac Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy generator (Cardiospec)
Energy Density - 0.09 mJ/mm2
Other Names:
  • Cardiospec
  • ESMR therapy
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Myocardial Revascularization

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Angina [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in time to angina using the modified Bruce exercise test from baseline to the 6 moths post baseline assessment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in SPECT [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The change in perfusion in pharmacological induced stress SPECT test (at rest and at stress) from baseline to 6 months post baseline (17 segments model).

  2. Change in AP-CCS [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The AP CCS Stage at the 6 months post baseline.

  3. Total Exercise time [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The change in Total Exercise Time (ETT) from baseline to 6 months post baseline.

  4. Number of angina attacks (patient diary) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The change in the number of angina attacks from baseline to 6 months post baseline. The number of attacks per week will be documented.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. The patient will have an acoustic window to the myocardium by echocardiography. 4 chamber view (4CH), 2 chamber view (2CH), long axis (LAX) and short axis view (SAX) should be verified.
  2. Patient is diagnosed with chronic angina pectoris. Diagnosis is based on medical history, complete physical evaluation, and Exercise SPECT.
  3. Patient has documented myocardial reversible ischemia and or hibernation in at least one segment.
  4. Patient is classified as AP CCS of III or IV.
  5. Patient should be on a stable dosage of medication used to treat angina for at least 6 weeks prior to enrollment.
  6. Patients demonstrates exercise tolerance time (ETT) duration < 10 minutes on a modified Bruce protocol on 2 consecutive tests (tests no less than 24 hours and no more than 2 weeks apart), with the second test within the difference of 25% of the first (Patients should not be informed of exercise restrictions required for entry into the study).
  7. Patients where angioplasty and bypass are not indicated because of anatomical or procedural reasons or frequent reocclusion/restenosis following traditional revascularization.
  8. Patient has refused to undergo another angioplasty or CABG.
  9. Patient has signed an informed consent form.
  10. Patient's condition should be stable and should have a life expectancy of > 12 months.
  11. Patient's current and past medical condition and status will be assessed using previous medical history, physical evaluation, and the physicians (principle investigator's) medical opinion.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patient has chronic lung disease based on the GOLD criteria the patient has stage IV: Very Severe COPD according to Spirometric Classification of COPD, Severity based on Post-Bronchodilator
  2. Patient has emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis.
  3. Patient has active endocarditis, myocarditis or pericarditis.
  4. Patient is simultaneously participating in another device or drug study, or has participated in any clinical trial involving an experimental device or drug, including other drugs or devices enhancing cardiac neovascularization, or was treated with TMR (Transmyocardial revascularization) or PMR (Percutaneous revascularization) , or any ESWT machine for neovascularization of a competitor company within 3 months of entry into the study.
  5. Patients who are unwilling or unable to cooperate with study procedure.
  6. Patients who are unwilling to quit smoking during the study procedure (including screening phase)
  7. Patients who had MI less than 3 months prior to treatment
  8. Patients with moderately severe or severe valvular disease. Moderately-severe and severe disease will be echographically diagnosed as follows:

    • Aortic Stenosis: Patients with Moderately-severe [Peak Aortic valve gradient (AVG): 50-60 mmHg; Mean AVG: 30-40 mmHg; Effective orifice area (EOA): 0.75-1.0 cm2] and severe Aortic Stenosis [Peak AVG: above 60 mmHg; Mean AVG: above 40 mmHg; EOA: below 0.75 cm2]
    • Mitral Stenosis: Patients with severe Mitral Stenosis [EOA: below 1 cm2; Pressure half-time (ms): above 200 mmHg; Mean Mitral valve gradient: above 10 mmHg]
    • Aortic Regurgitation & Mitral Regurgitation: Patients with moderately- severe and severe aortic regurgitation and mitral regurgitation will be excluded.
    • Moderately-severe (grade 3, or 3/4) and severe (grade 4, or 4/4) are hemodynamically significant.
    • Tricuspid Regurgitation (TR): Its severity is graded from 1-4 as for aortic and mitral regurgitation. Grades 3 and 4 will be excluded from the study. The more severe levels of TR are common in severe biventricular failure, mitral stenosis, cor pulmunale and any other cause of pulmonary hypertension.
  9. Patient with intraventricular thrombus
  10. Patient is pregnant
  11. Patient with a malignancy in the area of treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01567592

KMH Cardiology & Diagnostic Centers
Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
KMH Cardiology and Diagnostic Centres
Principal Investigator: Arvi Grover, MD KMH Cardiology & Diagnostic Centers

Responsible Party: Medispec Identifier: NCT01567592     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ESMR-KMH-Canada
First Posted: March 30, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 3, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012

Keywords provided by Medispec:
Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy
Myocardial Ischemia
Refractory Angina

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Angina Pectoris
Chest Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms