Neurovascular Non Contrast-Enhanced MR Angiography at 3T (NCE MRA)
MR angiography (MRA) has become essential in the treatment of neurovascular diseases, including ischemic stroke - the first cause of disability in occidental countries, vascular malformations such as aneurysms, arteriovenous fistulas and malformations, whose treatments are improving year after year.
MRA is an alternative to digital substracted angiography (DSA), circumventing th use of endovascular catheterism, irradiation and injection of iodinated contrast agent. Contrast-Enhanced MRA (CE-MRA) with gadolinium injection is currently the reference standard for vascular MR exploration but still presents many limitations inherent to the injection of contrast medium. Hence, the synchronization of the acquisition with bolus contrast injection limits the improvement of spatial and temporal resolutions and requires an accurate synchronization of the acquisition with the arrival of the bolus.
Moreover, the acquisition can be repeated as required as it does not require any contrast injection.
Besides, the increase in nephrogenic systematic fibrosis clinical cases, which would be secondary to gadolinium chelates injection, in patients with chronic renal insufficiency has restricted the use of CE-MRA. More than 500 cases were described to date in the world.
Its occurrence is currently estimated around 4 % for patients in terminal chronic renal insufficiency and its mortality around 30 %.
According to the recommendations of AFSSAPS from August, 2007, two gadolinium contrast agent (Gadodiamide-OMNISCAN *, General Electric HealthCare and Gadopentetate Dimeglumine-MAGNEVIST *, Bayer HealthCare) are contraindicated if the glomerular filtration rate is lower than 30 ml/mn.
Non-contrast enhanced MR angiography (NCE MRA) techniques have been proposed to provide complete and non-invasive investigation of the vasculature, thus offering patients with chronic renal insufficiency, as well as pregnant or nursing women a surrogate with no side effects.
Moreover, the use of high field (3T) MR imaging offers improved signal to noise ratio. Combined with the use of phased array coils and parallel imaging, new NCE MRA sequences can achieve juxta-millimeter isotropic spatial resolution and temporal resolution of about 50 ms close to those of cerebral DSA.
These sequences allow a joint hemodynamical and morphological assessment of lesions, both at the cervical and cerebral levels, whether at diagnosis or during patient follow-up
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Morphological and Dynamic Non Contrast-enhanced MR Angiography in the Exploration of Neurovascular Diseases|
- A reading grid assessing the image quality [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of image quality :
This analysis will be performed using a reading grid assessing the image quality (signal to noise ratio, motion artefacts, artefacts other than motion) and identifying the vessels visualized
- An evaluation grid classifying the main pathological findings [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Assessment of diagnosis performance of the nem NCE MRA sequences :
This assessment will be performed using an evaluation grid classifying the main pathological findings, ie arterial stenosis or arteriovenous shunts and assessing their extent
- An evaluation of the performance of new sequences [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Evaluation of the performance of new sequences to quantify hemodynamic parameters in arteriovenous shunts and detect anatomical and hemodynamic changes after treatment with partial embolization or radiosurgery.
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
Patient with an arteriovenous malformation for which treatment by embolization or radiosurgery is indicated
The main objective is to evaluate the quality of the NCE images obtained in the exploration of neurovascular diseases, at the cervical and cerebral levels.
Secondary objectives are:
- to compare the NCE MRA sequences with the CE MRA sequences used in the clinical routine.
- to evaluate the anatomic and hemodynamic changes observable with sequences in the follow-up of patients, particularly those treated with partial embolization or radiosurgery.
By circumventing the limitation to short bolus duration synchronization, the new dynamic sequences have the potential to achieve higher temporal resolution without compromising spatial resolution. Arteries and arteriovenous shunts may be more precisely identified and, due to a better visibility of small vessels allow a more accurate dynamic analysis.
Finally, the sequence being derived from arterial spin labeling, and differing from time of flight or phase contrast sequences, should allow for an exploration less dependent on the vascular geometry with better anatomical analysis. For example, the tendency to overestimate arterial stenoses could be reduced.
The robustness of sequences allow the non-invasive monitoring of patients including it possible to monitor the hemodynamic changes after radiosurgery or embolization.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01566903
|Contact: jean-yves firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Rennes University Hospital||Recruiting|
|Rennes, Brittany, France, 35033|
|Contact: jean-yves gauvrit 33-2-9928-9717 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||jean-yves gauvrit||Rennes University Hospital|