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Cardiovascular Effects of Salvia Miltiorrhiza Extract (Danshen)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified January 2012 by Radboud University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University Identifier:
First received: March 23, 2012
Last updated: May 23, 2012
Last verified: January 2012

Rationale: Extracts of the plant Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) have been used as traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, such as angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. Several preclinical studies point towards promising effects of Danshen on risk factors of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension.

Objective: Our primary objective is to determine the effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza extract (Danshen) on hyperlipidemia. Secondary objective is to investigate the effect of Danshen on hypertension. Further objectives are to determine its effect on endothelial function, oxidative stress, inflammation, hemostasis and hemorheology, and on insulin sensitivity.

Condition Intervention
Oxidative Stress
Dietary Supplement: Salvia miltiorrhiza extract
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double Blind, Randomized Placebo-controlled Cross-over Study on the Cardiovascular Effects of Salvia Miltiorrhiza Extract (Danshen) in Patients With Hypertension and Hyperlipidemia.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Radboud University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hyperlipidemia [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]
    Blood tests: lipids, in particular LDL-cholesterol.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Hypertension [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]
  • Endothelial function [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]
  • Plasma markers of oxidative stress [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]
  • Vascular inflammation and inflammatory activation of adipose tissue [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with danshen ]
  • Hemostasis and hemorheological parameters [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]
  • Insulin sensitivity [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks of treatment with Danshen ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Salvia miltiorrhiza extract (Danshen)
p.o. Salvia miltiorrhiza extract, 1.5 g twice daily for four consecutive weeks
Dietary Supplement: Salvia miltiorrhiza extract
3 capsules of 500 mg Salvia miltiorrhiza extract, twice daily for four consecutive weeks
Other Name: Danshen
Placebo Comparator: placebo
p.o. placebo, twice daily
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
3 placebo capsules, twice daily for four consecutive weeks


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: 40-70
  • Women:

    • postmenopausal, or
    • use of contraceptive pill
  • Hyperlipidemia:

    • elevated level of triglycerides: > 1.7 mmol/L, or
    • elevated level of LDL-cholesterol: > 3.5 mmol/L
  • Hypertension:

    • systolic pressure > 140 mm Hg, or
    • diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • History of cardiovascular disease (myocard infarct, angina pectoris, CVA)
  • Diabetes mellitus, when treated with insulin
  • Pregnancy
  • Hyperlipidemia which needs conventional treatment

    • elevated level of triglycerides: > 8 mmol/L
    • elevated level of LDL-cholesterol: > 5 mmol/L
  • Hypertension which needs conventional treatment:

    • systolic pressure > 180 mm Hg
    • diastolic pressure > 110 mm Hg
  • Clinically significant liver disease (3 times the upper normal limit of ALAT,ASAT)
  • Clinically significant anemia (male Hb < 6,9 mmol/L, female < 6,25 mmol/L)
  • Renal disease defined as MDRD < 60 ml/min/1.73m2
  • Participation to any drug-investigation during the previous 90 days
  • Use of any herbal product during the previous 30 days
  • Concomitant (chronic) use of:

Medicinal products:

  • ACE-inhibitors, including a.o. captopril, enalapril, ramipril
  • AT1-antagonists, including a.o. losartan, valsartan, irbesartan
  • Statins, including a.o. simvastatin, rosuvastatin
  • Anticoagulant drugs, including a.o. aspirin
  • Calciumantagonists (including a.o. amlodipine, nifedipine, verapamil)
  • Use of more than 1 antihypertensive drug
  • High-dose antihypertensive medication (above defined daily dose)
  • Drugs which are exclusively metabolised by CYP3A4 (Flockhart DA; P450 drug interaction table, including a.o. erythromycin, midazolam, cyclosporine, HIV antivirals)

Food products:

  • (Antioxidant) vitamin supplements
  • Other herbs, including a.o. St John's wort
  • Grapefruit juice
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01563770

Contact: Pauline Breedveld, PhD +31243614597
Contact: Pleun van Poppel, MD +31243667211

Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre Recruiting
Nijmegen, Netherlands, 6500 HB
Contact: Pauline Breedveld, PhD    +31-243614597   
Contact: Pleun van Poppel, MD    +31-243667211   
Principal Investigator: Gerard Rongen, MD, PhD, Professor         
Sub-Investigator: Cees J. Tack, MD, PhD, Prof         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Principal Investigator: Gerard Rongen, MD, PhD, Professor Radboud University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Radboud University Identifier: NCT01563770     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: QPHT-35
Study First Received: March 23, 2012
Last Updated: May 23, 2012

Keywords provided by Radboud University:
Oxidative stress
Cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular agents
Salvia miltiorrhiza
Danshen root extract
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Therapeutic Uses

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 26, 2017