ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Pilot Study of GWP42003 in the Symptomatic Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis (GWID10160)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01562314
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 23, 2012
Results First Posted : August 14, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Research Ltd

Brief Summary:
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of GWP42003 compared with placebo by the percentage of participants achieving remission quantified as a Mayo score of 2 or less (with no sub-score >1) after 10 weeks of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ulcerative Colitis Drug: GWP42003 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study was conducted by GW Research Ltd as a pilot study to determine the efficacy and safety of GWP42003 (50 milligram [mg] up to 250 mg twice daily [BID]), compared with placebo, as assessed by the percentage of participants achieving remission quantified as a Mayo score of 2 or less (with no sub-score >1) after 10 weeks of treatment. This was the first study to determine whether the study drug has a positive benefit for participants on their ulcerative colitis symptom control, as well as effects on inflammatory marker cytokines (C reactive protein [CRP]), a fecal inflammatory marker (calprotectin), stool frequency, and rectal bleeding. In addition, various inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) questionnaires were implemented in the study to observe further benefits on the study drug, compared with placebo.

This study was multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and parallel-group. The study consisted of a 7-day baseline period, a 10-week treatment period, and a 1-week follow-up period. Each participant had a Mayo assessment (including endoscopy) conducted to confirm eligibility. Eligible participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio into the GWP42003 and placebo groups. At the start of the treatment period, participants entered a 2-week dose escalation period to achieve their maximum tolerated dose, up to 250 mg BID in the GWP42003 group. Participants remained at the maximum tolerated dose for the rest of the treatment period.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Parallel Group, Pilot Study of GWP42003 in the Symptomatic Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis
Actual Study Start Date : May 9, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 5, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : August 5, 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GWP42003
GWP42003 was administered orally at a dose of 50 mg up to 250 mg, BID, in the fasted state in the morning and evening, for 10 weeks. Following randomization, participants entered a 2-week dose escalation period to achieve their maximum tolerated dose, up to 500 mg, and maintained this dose for the rest of the treatment period. Participants were then followed for 1 week.
Drug: GWP42003
1 to 5 50 mg capsules taken BID
Other Name: Cannabidiol (CBD) Botanical Drug Substance (BDS)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo capsules matching the study drug were administered orally, BID, in the fasted state in the morning and evening, for 10 weeks. Participants were then followed for 1 week.
Drug: Placebo
1 to 5 matching capsules taken BID
Other Name: Placebo control




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number Of Participants With A Mayo Score Of 2 Or Less (With No Sub-score >1) At EOT [ Time Frame: Baseline to End of Treatment (EOT) (10 weeks) or Early Termination (ET) ]
    The Mayo score is an assessment of ulcerative colitis activity. The Mayo total score ranges from 0 to 12 points with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The total score is made up of 4 sub-scores, each of which is assessed using a 0 to 3 scale. Sub-scores are graded as follows: Stool Frequency: 0 = Normal number of stools, 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal, 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal, 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal; Rectal Bleeding: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes; Findings on Endoscopy: 0 = Normal or inactive disease, 1 = Mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern, mild friability), 2 = Moderate disease (marked erythema, lack of vascular pattern, friability, erosions), 3 = Severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration); Physician's Global Assessment of Illness Severity (PGAS): 0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate, and 3 = severe.

  2. Number Of Participants With A Mayo Score Of 2 Or Less (With No Sub-score >1) At EOT - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The Mayo score is an assessment of ulcerative colitis activity. The Mayo total score ranges from 0 to 12 points with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The total score is made up of 4 sub-scores, each of which is assessed using a 0 to 3 scale. Sub-scores are graded as follows: Stool Frequency: 0 = Normal number of stools, 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal, 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal, 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal; Rectal Bleeding: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes; Findings on Endoscopy: 0 = Normal or inactive disease, 1 = Mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern, mild friability), 2 = Moderate disease (marked erythema, lack of vascular pattern, friability, erosions), 3 = Severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration); PGAS: 0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate, and 3 = severe.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Distribution On The PGAS At EOT [ Time Frame: EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The PGAS required the physician to assess participants' disease severity on a 4-point scale (0=normal [no disease], 1 = mild disease, 2 = moderate disease, 3 = severe disease).

  2. Distribution On The PGAS At EOT - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The PGAS required the physician to assess participants' disease severity on a 4-point scale (0 = normal [no disease], 1 = mild disease, 2 = moderate disease, 3 = severe disease).

  3. Change From Baseline To EOT In The PGAS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The PGAS required the physician to assess participants' disease severity on a 4-point scale (0=normal [no disease], 1 = mild disease, 2 = moderate disease, 3 = severe disease). A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms decreased.

  4. Change From Baseline To EOT In The PGAS Score - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The PGAS required the physician to assess participants' disease severity on a 4-point scale (0=normal [no disease], 1 = mild disease, 2 = moderate disease, 3 = severe disease). A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms decreased.

  5. Change From Baseline To EOT In The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The IBDQ is a validated and reliable tool to measure health-related quality of life in adult participants with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Each of the 32 questions falls into 1 of 4 domains (bowel symptoms, systemic symptoms, emotional status and social function). The 32 questions each have 7 possible responses. Each response is assigned a score ranging from 1 to 7, indicating the severity (1 being least favorable and 7 being the most favorable). Individual question scores were summed to give the IBDQ total score (range: 32 to 224 points). A positive change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  6. Change From Baseline To EOT In The IBDQ Total Score - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The IBDQ is a validated and reliable tool to measure health-related quality of life in adult participants with IBD. Each of the 32 questions falls into 1 of 4 domains (bowel symptoms, systemic symptoms, emotional status and social function). The 32 questions each have 7 possible responses. Each response is assigned a score ranging from 1 to 7, indicating the severity (1 being least favorable and 7 being the most favorable). Individual question scores were summed to give the IBDQ total score (range: 32 to 224 points). A positive change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  7. Number Of Participants Who Reported An Improvement In The Subject Global Impression Of Change (SGIC) Questionnaire At EOT [ Time Frame: Visit 4 (Day 43) to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    Participants were asked to answer the following question by using a 7-point scale (1 = very much better to 7 = very much worse): "Please assess the change in your ulcerative colitis symptoms since immediately before receiving the first dose of study treatment." Improvement was considered as very much better, much better, or minimally better.

  8. Number Of Participants Who Reported An Improvement In The SGIC Questionnaire At EOT - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Visit 4 (Day 43) to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    Participants were asked to answer the following question by using a 7-point scale (1 = very much better to 7 = very much worse): "Please assess the change in your ulcerative colitis symptoms since immediately before receiving the first dose of study treatment." Improvement was considered as very much better, much better, or minimally better.

  9. Change From Baseline To The Last Week Of Treatment In Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, As Measured By Scores On The Stool Frequency Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (last 7 days) or ET ]
    Participants were required to record their stool frequency during the baseline and treatment periods in a daily diary. Participants graded stool frequency with a 4-point NRS as follows: 0 = Normal number of stools; 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal; 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal; 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal. For analysis, the baseline value was defined as the mean stool frequency score of the last 7 available days of the baseline period; the EOT value was defined as the mean stool frequency score of last 7 days of the treatment period, or last 7 days for which study drug was taken, where earlier. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  10. Change From Baseline To The Last Week Of Treatment In Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, As Measured By Scores On The Stool Frequency NRS - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (last 7 days) or ET ]
    Participants were required to record their stool frequency during the baseline and treatment periods in a daily diary. Participants graded stool frequency with a 4-point NRS as follows: 0 = Normal number of stools; 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal; 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal; 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal. For analysis, the baseline value was defined as the mean stool frequency score of the last 7 available days of the baseline period; the EOT value was defined as the mean stool frequency score of last 7 days of the treatment period, or last 7 days for which study drug was taken, where earlier. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  11. Change From Baseline To The Last Week Of Treatment In Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, As Measured By Scores On The Rectal Bleeding NRS [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (last 7 days) or ET ]
    Participants were required to record their rectal bleeding during the baseline and treatment periods in a daily diary. Participants graded rectal bleeding with a 4-point NRS as follows: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes. For analysis, the baseline value was defined as the mean rectal bleeding score of the last 7 available days of the baseline period; the EOT value was defined as the mean rectal bleeding score of last 7 days of the treatment period, or last 7 days for which study drug was taken, where earlier. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  12. Change From Baseline To The Last Week Of Treatment In Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, As Measured By Scores On The Rectal Bleeding NRS - PP Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (last 7 days) or ET ]
    Participants were required to record their rectal bleeding during the baseline and treatment periods in a daily diary. Participants graded rectal bleeding with a 4-point NRS as follows: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes. For analysis, the baseline value was defined as the mean rectal bleeding score of the last 7 available days of the baseline period; the EOT value was defined as the mean rectal bleeding score of last 7 days of the treatment period, or last 7 days for which study drug was taken, where earlier. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  13. Change From Baseline To EOT In The Mayo Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The Mayo score is an assessment of ulcerative colitis activity. The Mayo total score ranges from 0 to 12 points with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The total score is made up of 4 sub-scores (assessed using a 0 to 3 scale). The sub-scores are graded as follows: Stool Frequency: 0 = Normal number of stools, 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal, 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal, 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal; Rectal Bleeding: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes; Findings on Endoscopy: 0 = Normal or inactive disease, 1 = Mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern, mild friability), 2 = Moderate disease (marked erythema, lack of vascular pattern, friability, erosions), 3 = Severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration); PGAS: 0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate and 3 = severe. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  14. Change From Baseline To EOT In The Mayo Partial Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    The Mayo score is an assessment of ulcerative colitis activity. The Mayo partial score does not include the endoscopy findings sub-score and ranges from 0 to 9 points with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The partial score is made up of 3 sub-scores (assessed by using a 0 to 3 scale). The sub-scores are graded as follows: Stool Frequency: 0 = Normal number of stools, 1 = 1 to 2 stools more than normal, 2 = 3 to 4 stools more than normal, 3 = 5 or more stools more than normal; Rectal Bleeding: 0 = No blood seen, 1 = Streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = Obvious blood with stool most of the time or more, 3 = Blood alone passes; PGAS: 0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate and 3 = severe. A negative change from Baseline indicates that symptoms improved.

  15. Change From Baseline To EOT In Levels Of Fecal Calprotectin [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (10 weeks) or ET ]
    Fecal calprotectin is a marker of inflammation. Standard methods were used to measure the levels of calprotectin in fecal samples collected at the end of baseline and treatment periods. A negative change from Baseline indicates that levels of fecal calprotectin decreased.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female participants aged 18 years or above;
  • Participant diagnosed with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis and on a fixed dose of 5-Aminosalicylic (5-ASA) treatment and have been on a stable dose for at least 2 weeks prior to screening (0 mg dose of 5-ASA was acceptable);
  • Participants at screening and baseline with a Mayo assessment score of greater than or equal to 4 (≥4) but less than or equal to 10 (≤10) and with an endoscopy score of at least 1 (≥1) , following an adequate exposure to oral and/ or topical 5-ASA, in the opinion of the investigator;
  • In the opinion of the investigator, capable of complying with the study requirements and completing the study;
  • Willing and able to give informed consent;
  • Willing for his or her name to be notified to the responsible authorities for participation in this study, as applicable;
  • Willing to allow his or her primary care practitioner and consultant, if appropriate, to be notified of participation in the study;

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe ulcerative colitis (Mayo score of greater than 10 (>10);
  • Ulcerative colitis only affecting the rectum (proctitis)
  • Gastrointestinal infection evident from stool culture and testing for Clostridium difficile toxin (in the opinion of the investigator);
  • Currently using or had used recreational cannabis, medicinal cannabis, cannabinoid medications (including Sativex®), or synthetic cannabinoid-based medications within 1 month prior to study entry and unwilling to abstain for the duration of the study;
  • Any known or suspected history of alcohol or substance abuse, epilepsy or recurrent seizures, or hypersensitivity to cannabinoids;
  • Was receiving a prohibited medication prior to screening and for the duration of the study;
  • Previous non-responders to mono or polyclonal anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor antibodies;
  • Personal or first degree relative, with history of schizophrenia or other psychosis;
  • History of other significant psychiatric disorder or severe personality disorder (at the discretion of the investigator);
  • Any known or suspected history of depression sufficient to require treatment with antidepressants or disrupt ordinary life (excluding episodes of reactive depression at the discretion of the investigator);
  • Clinically significant cardiac, renal or hepatic impairment in the opinion of the investigator;
  • Female participants who were pregnant, lactating or planning pregnancy during the course of the study and for 3 months from the date of last dose;
  • Female participants of child bearing potential, unless willing to use 2 forms of contraception, 1 of which must have been a barrier contraception (for example, a female condom or occlusive cap [diaphragm or cervical vault/caps] with spermicide) during the study and for 3 months from the date of last dose (however a male condom should not have been used in conjunction with the female condom);
  • Male participants whose partner was of child bearing potential, unless willing to use an appropriate barrier method of contraception (condom and spermicide) in addition to having their female partner use another form of barrier contraception (for example, an occlusive cap [diaphragm or cervical vault/caps] with spermicide) during the study and for 3 months from date of last dose (however a male condom should not have been used in conjunction with a female condom);
  • Planned to travel outside the country of residence during the treatment phase of the study;
  • Received an Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) within 30 days prior to the screening visit;
  • In the opinion of the investigator, was not considered to be suitable for the study;
  • Any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, may either have put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or may have influenced the result of the study or the participant's ability to participate in the study;
  • Participant with any abnormalities that, in the opinion of the investigator, would prevent the participant from safe participation in the study;
  • Unwilling to abstain from donation of blood during the study;
  • Participants previously randomized into this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01562314


Locations
United Kingdom
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B15 2TH
Coventry, United Kingdom, CV2 2DX
Liverpool, United Kingdom, L7 8XP
London, United Kingdom, NW1 2PG
London, United Kingdom, NW3 2QG
London, United Kingdom, SE1 7EH
Middlesex, United Kingdom, HA1 3UJ
Wigan, United Kingdom, WN1 2NN
Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Research Ltd

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: GW Research Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01562314     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWID10160
2011-003208-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 23, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 14, 2015
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

Keywords provided by GW Research Ltd:
Mild to Moderate Ulcerative Colitis
GWP42003

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colitis
Ulcer
Colitis, Ulcerative
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases