Gene Therapy for Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (TIGET-MLD)
|Lysosomal Storage Disease||Genetic: Autologous CD34+ stem cells transduced with ARSA encoding lentiviral vector||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I/II Clinical Trial of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Therapy for the Treatment of Metachromatic Leukodystrophy|
- Conditioning regimen-related safety [ Time Frame: at +60 days after transplantation ]The absence of engraftment failure or delayed hematopoietic reconstitution (prolonged
- Conditioning regimen-related toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The absence of regimen related toxicity, as determined by a surveillance of clinical (NCI >2
- The short-term safety and tolerability of lentiviral-transduced cell infusion [ Time Frame: 48 hours after transplant ]It will be evaluated on the basis of adverse events reporting and monitoring of the systemic
- Improvement of GMFM score [ Time Frame: 24 months after treatment ]An improvement of 10% of the total GMFM score in treated patients, when compared to the
- Increase of residual ARSA activity [ Time Frame: 24 months after treatment ]A significant (≥ 2 SD) increase of residual ARSA activity as compared to pretreatment
- The long-term safety of lentiviral-transduced cell infusion [ Time Frame: 24 months after the treatment ]Absence of Replication Competent Lentivirus (RCL): ELISA for HIV p24 antigen
- The absence of immune responses against the transgene [ Time Frame: every three months for the first year, then once a year. ]Even if we do not expect immune responses against the functional ARSA enzyme,
- Improvement in the NCV Index for ENG and in the total score for MR [ Time Frame: 24 months after treatment ]An improvement in the NCV Index for ENG and in the total score for MR of ≥ 2 SD, when
- Transduced cell engraftment [ Time Frame: 12 months after treatment ]Transduced cell engraftment above 4% in PBMCs and CD34+ progenitors in BM
- IQ measurement above 55 [ Time Frame: 24, 30 and 36 months after treatment ]The measurement of an IQ above 55 (threshold for severe disability) at neuro-psychological
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2023|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2023 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Genetic: Autologous CD34+ stem cells transduced with ARSA encoding lentiviral vector
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD) is an autosomal recessive Lysosomal Storage Disorder (LSD) characterized by severe and progressive dysmyelination affecting the central and peripheral nervous system.
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is ineffective in ameliorating patients' phenotype or delaying disease evolution. No evidences of efficacy of enzyme replacement strategies are available at the moment. Transplantation of genetically corrected autologous hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) could represent a novel and potentially efficacious treatment for MLD patients.
We are conducting a gene therapy clinical trial based on autologous HSC and advanced generation lentiviral vectors (LV) for patients affected by the most severe, early onset forms of the disease, based on our preclinical efficacy and safety data and on the experience we acquired from the treatment of Adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA-SCID) patients by a similar approach. Our general goal is to demonstrate safety and efficacy of this gene therapy approach in MLD patients. We have developed and tested a clinically applicable LV containing the ARSA cDNA controlled by a constitutive eukaryotic promoter sequence. Preclinical studies aimed at assessing efficacy and safety of ARSA gene transfer using the selected vector have been conducted in the murine model of the disease and in progenitors and mature hematopoietic cells from MLD patients. The following results were obtained:
- efficient ARSA gene transfer;
- long term in vitro and in vivo multilineage ARSA expression;
- ability to prevent and correct neurological disease manifestations;
- good tolerance and long-term safety of the treatment in the animal model.
We expect to treat 20 patients, selected according to disease severity and clinical features. A myeloablative conditioning regimen based on iv Busulfan will be administered to the patients to enable engraftment of the transduced stem/progenitor cells in the bone marrow and enhance CNS microglia/macrophage repopulation by the transduced cell progeny. An efficient transduction protocol based on LVs has been optimized to guarantee abundant ARSA expression in the transduced patients' HSC and their progeny. In the treated patients, we will study the short-term and long-term safety of the administration of the autologous transduced HSC, their long-term engraftment, the expression of vector-derived ARSA, and the ability of the transduced cells to provide a clinical benefit to the patients. The treated patients will be followed for 3 years and thereafter monitored for the safety of gene therapy for additional 5 years. If successful, this study will provide key results on the safety and efficacy of gene therapy for MLD patients.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01560182
|GSK Investigational Site|
|Milan, Italy, 20132|
|Study Director:||GSK Clinical Trials||GlaxoSmithKline|