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Study of Ataluren for Previously Treated Participants With Nonsense Mutation Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (nmDBMD) in Europe, Israel, Australia, and Canada

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01557400
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2012
Results First Posted : November 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PTC Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD) is a genetic disorder that develops in boys. It is caused by a mutation in the gene for dystrophin, a protein that is important for maintaining normal muscle structure and function. Loss of dystrophin causes muscle fragility that leads to weakness and loss of walking ability during childhood and teenage years. A specific type of mutation, called a nonsense (premature stop codon) mutation, is the cause of DBMD in approximately 10-15% of boys with the disease. Ataluren is an orally delivered, investigational drug that has the potential to overcome the effects of the nonsense mutation. This study comprises a Phase 3, open-label study of ataluren in participants with nmDBMD who previously received ataluren at an Investigator site in a prior PTC-sponsored clinical study. A separate open-label study (PTC124-GD-016-DMD; NCT01247207) is being conducted for nmDBMD participants who previously received ataluren at an Investigator site in the United States (US).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Becker Muscular Dystrophy Dystrophinopathy Drug: Ataluren Phase 3

Detailed Description:

All participating sites must have had at least 1 participant that received ataluren treatment in prior PTC-sponsored clinical studies in DBMD (Phase 2b double-blind, placebo-controlled study [PTC124-GD-007-DMD; NCT00592553] and the subsequent open-label extension study [Study PTC124-GD-007e-DMD; NCT00847379]). It is planned that up to ~96 participants will be enrolled.

It is also planned that participants will receive ataluren 3 times per day (TID) at respective morning, midday, and evening doses of 10 milligrams/kilograms (mg/kg), 10 mg/kg, and 20 mg/kg for approximately 336 weeks. Study assessments will be performed at clinic visits during screening, on the first day of ataluren dosing, and then every 48 weeks during the ataluren treatment period, except for weight, which will be measured every 24 weeks at a primary care physician (PCP).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 94 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study for Previously Treated Ataluren (PTC124®) Patients With Nonsense Mutation Dystrophinopathy
Actual Study Start Date : May 20, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : January 19, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ataluren
Ataluren will be provided as a vanilla-flavored powder to be mixed with water, milk, fruit juice (except apple juice) fruit punch, or in semi-solid food (for example, yogurt, pudding, or applesauce). The dose level for ataluren will be 10 milligrams/kilograms (mg/kg) in the morning, 10 mg/kg at midday, and 20 mg/kg in the evening. Administration within 30 minutes after a meal will be recommended. Study drug dosing will be based on milligrams of drug per kilogram of body weight. Because of potential changes in participant body weight over time, weight-based dose adjustment can occur every 24 weeks as required. Study drug will be taken for up to 240 weeks.
Drug: Ataluren
Oral powder for suspension
Other Name: PTC124®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 246 ]
    A TEAE is any untoward medical occurrence or undesirable event(s) experienced in a participant that begins or worsens following administration of the study drug or study treatment, whether or not considered related to the treatment by the Investigator. A serious adverse event (SAE) was an adverse event (AE) resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason, death, initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization, life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying), or persistent or significant disability/incapacity not related to nmDBMD. AEs included both SAEs and non-serious AEs. AEs were classified according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (CTCAE) and coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). A summary of serious and all other non-serious adverse events, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in 6MWD as Measured by the 6MWT [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    The 6MWD was assessed in participants who were ambulatory using standardized procedures. Participants were not permitted to use assistive devices (walker, long leg braces, or short leg braces) during the 6MWD test.

  2. Change From Baseline in Physical Function as Measured by the NSAA [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    The NSAA was used to evaluate physical function in participants who were ambulatory at study entry, using standardized procedures. The NSAA consisted of 17 activities, each scored as 0 (activity could not be performed), 1 (modified method but achieved goal without physical assistance from another), or 2 (normal, achieved goal without assistance). The sum of these 17 scores was used to form a total score. If fewer than 13 of the 17 activities were performed, the total score was considered missing. If 13 to 16 activities were performed, the total score was calculated by multiplying the sum of the scores in the x activities that were performed by 17/x. If an activity could not be performed due to disease progression/loss of ambulation, a score of 0 was assigned. The linear score was the linear transformation of the NSAA score to a scale of 0 (worst) to 100 (best).

  3. Change From Baseline in Time to Stand From Supine Position [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    Time to stand from the supine position to a standing position was assessed in ambulatory participants. If the time taken to perform a test exceeded 30 seconds or if a participant could not perform the test due to disease progression, a value of 30 seconds was used.

  4. Change From Baseline in Time to Walk/Run 10 Meters [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    Time to walk/run 10 meters was measured in ambulatory participants. If the time taken to perform a test exceeded 30 seconds or if a participant could not perform the test due to disease progression, a value of 30 seconds was used.

  5. Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Function as Measured by Spirometry [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    Pulmonary function parameters of %-predicated FVC, percent-predicted FEV1 (adjusted using ulna length and age), PEF, and PCF was assessed in non-ambulatory participants by using a spirometer. Due to the difficulty in obtaining an accurate standing height measurement in non-ambulatory participants, ulna length and arm span were used as a surrogate measure for height when calculating percent-predicted FVC.

  6. Change From Baseline in Participant and Parent/Caregiver-Reported ADL, as Measured by the EK Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 48, 96, 144, 192, and 240 ]
    Activities of daily living after loss of ambulation were measured using the EK scale. The EK scale is an ordinal scale ranging from 0 to 30 points where 0 represents the highest level of independent function and 30 the lowest. The scale consists of 10 categories (each scored 0 to 3), involving different functional domains including 1) ability to use wheelchair, 2) ability to transfer from wheelchair, 3) ability to stand, 4) ability to balance in the wheelchair, 5) ability to move arms, 6) ability to use hands and arms when eating, 7) ability to turn in bed, 8) ability to cough, 9) ability to speak, and 10) physical well-being. The administration of the EK scale consisted of an interview of the participant to capture how he performs the tasks of daily life (as described by Categories 1 to 9) and how he perceives his wellbeing (as described by Category 10). The interviewer observed the participant and assigned the final score for the tasks that could be observed in the clinic.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Male participants only are being studied.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Evidence of signed and dated informed consent/assent document(s) indicating that the participant (and/or his parent/legal guardian) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial. Note: If the study candidate is considered a child under local regulation, a parent or legal guardian must provide written consent prior to initiation of study screening procedures and the study candidate may be required to provide written assent. The rules of the responsible Institutional Review Board/Independent Ethics Committee (IRB/IEC) regarding whether 1 or both parents must provide consent and the appropriate ages for obtaining consent and assent from the participant should be followed.
  2. History of exposure to ataluren in a prior PTC study in nmDBMD. Note: Participants are considered eligible only if they received ataluren during their participation in 1 or more prior PTC-sponsored studies of ataluren in nmDBMD. Note: Participants who have participated in a prior or ongoing PTC study with ataluren in nmDBMD at a trial site in the US or Canada, but reside outside of the US and Canada, may be eligible for this study (with the approval of the PTC Therapeutics Medical Monitor).
  3. Male sex.
  4. In participants who are sexually active, willingness to abstain from sexual intercourse or employ a barrier or medical method of contraception during ataluren administration and the 6-week follow-up period.
  5. Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, drug administration plan, study procedures, laboratory tests, and study restrictions. Note: Psychological, social, familial, or geographical factors that might preclude adequate study participation should be considered.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Exposure to another investigational drug within 1 month prior to start of study treatment.
  2. Eligibility for another ataluren clinical trial that is actively enrolling study participants.
  3. Known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients or excipients of ataluren (Litesse® UltraTM [refined polydextrose], polyethylene glycol 3350, Lutrol® micro F127 [poloxamer 407], mannitol 25C, crospovidone XL10, hydroxyethyl cellulose, vanilla, Cab-O-Sil® M5P [colloidal silica], magnesium stearate).
  4. Ongoing use of the following medications:

    1. Coumarin-based anticoagulants (for example, warfarin), phenytoin, tolbutamide, or paclitaxel.
    2. Systemic aminoglycoside therapy
  5. Ongoing uncontrolled medical/surgical condition, electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, or laboratory abnormality that, in the Investigator's opinion, could adversely affect the safety of the participant or make it unlikely that follow-up would be completed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01557400

Show Show 21 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
PTC Therapeutics
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Study Director: Edward O'Mara, MD PTC Therapeutics
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by PTC Therapeutics:
Study Protocol  [PDF] November 18, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 17, 2018

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: PTC Therapeutics Identifier: NCT01557400    
Other Study ID Numbers: PTC124-GD-019-DMD
First Posted: March 19, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 25, 2020
Last Update Posted: November 25, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by PTC Therapeutics:
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Becker muscular dystrophy
Nonsense mutation
Premature stop codon
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Dystrophies
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked