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Increasing the Variety of Vegetables and Fruits Served to Preschool Children at a Snack

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01557218
First Posted: March 19, 2012
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barbara J. Rolls, Penn State University
  Purpose
Intake of vegetables and fruits in preschool children is less than recommended amounts. Although offering a variety of foods has been shown to increase intake, this effect has not been well studied for low-energy-dense foods. The purpose of this study was to test whether increasing the variety of vegetables and fruits served to preschool children affected the amount eaten. The hypotheses were that increasing the variety of vegetables and fruits would increase both the amount selected and the amount eaten.

Condition Intervention
Obesity Feeding Behaviors Other: Cucumber snack Other: Pepper snack Other: Tomato snack Other: Vegetable variety snack Other: Apple snack Other: Peach snack Other: Pineapple snack Other: Fruit variety snack

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Barbara J. Rolls, Penn State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Intake of vegetables and fruit [ Time Frame: One month ]

Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cucumber Other: Cucumber snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of cucumber slices
Experimental: Pepper Other: Pepper snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of yellow pepper strips
Experimental: Tomato Other: Tomato snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of grape tomatoes
Experimental: Vegetable variety Other: Vegetable variety snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: one each of cucumber slices, pepper strips, and grape tomatoes
Experimental: Apple Other: Apple snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of apple wedges
Experimental: Peach Other: Peach snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of peach slices
Experimental: Pineapple Other: Pineapple snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of pineapple half-rings
Experimental: Fruit variety Other: Fruit variety snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: of each of apple wedges, peach slices, and pineapple half-rings

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 6 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • attenders at the relevant child care center

Exclusion Criteria:

  • allergy or sensitivity to any test food
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01557218


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State University Laboratory for the Study of Human Ingestive Behavior
University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, 16802
Sponsors and Collaborators
Penn State University
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Barbara J. Rolls, PhD Penn State University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Barbara J. Rolls, Professor of Nutrition and Director of the Laboratory for the Study of Human Ingestive Behavior, Penn State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01557218     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ChildFood101
R01DK082580 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: March 15, 2012
First Posted: March 19, 2012
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013

Keywords provided by Barbara J. Rolls, Penn State University:
Dietary variety
Vegetable intake
Fruit intake