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Afatinib With CT and RT for EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01553942
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 14, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lecia V. Sequist, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific cancer. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that study doctors are trying to find out more about it-such as the safest dose to use, the side effects it may cause, and if the drug is effective for treating different types of cancer. It also means that the FDA has not yet approved the drug for the patients type of cancer or for any use outside of research studies.

Chemotherapy and radiation is the standard treatment for the patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). For people with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, adding a type of drug called a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) can help increase the response to treatment.

Afatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. It has been studied in a previous research study in participants with more advanced NSCLC. Results from that study indicate it may be helpful in treating NSCLC with EGFR mutations.

In this study, patients with stage III NSCLC and EGFR mutations will receive the standard treatment of radiation and chemotherapy. If possible, the patients tumor will be removed by surgery. Afatinib will be given before radiation and chemotherapy and after surgery. The aim of giving afatinib before radiation therapy is to try to shrink the tumor. This may make the radiation therapy more effective since radiation therapy tends to work better on smaller tumors.

The goal of this study is to see if adding afatinib to standard treatment helps to improve the response to treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: Afatinib Radiation: Radiation Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Pemetrexed Procedure: Surgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study treatment will be divided into 5 stages:

Stage 1-induction, consisting of afatinib for two 4-week cycles. Afatinib is a pill that the patient takes by mouth once per day. The patient will receive a study drug diary in which to record the doses of afatinib.

Stage 2-concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with cisplatin/pemetrexed for two 3-week cycles.

Stage 3-Surgery to remove tumor for participants whose tumor can be removed by surgery. This will be done about 4-6 weeks after finishing radiation and chemotherapy. The exact timing will depend upon how quickly the patient recovers from side effects of the radiation and chemotherapy. The investigators will use a piece of the patients tumor removed by surgery for research tests to look for biomarkers such as genes and proteins that may be associated with response to afatinib, chemotherapy or radiation.

Stage 4-Chemotherapy after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy). The patients doctor will decide if the patient will receive chemotherapy after the patients surgery but before receiving consolidation with afatinib. If the patient does receive this, it will start 6-12 weeks after surgery or finishing radiation if the patient does not have surgery. The chemotherapy will be the same as that received along with the radiation therapy.

Stage 5-Consolidation with afatinib for twenty-six 4-week cycles (2 years) for participants who responded to the 2 cycles of induction afatinib.

The investigators would like to keep track of the patients medical condition and status of the patients disease for up to 5 years after the patient stops study treatment. Keeping in touch with the patients and checking on the patients condition every year helps the investigators look at the long-term effects of the research study. The patients will be asked to have CT scans as follows:

  • Every 3 months for the first year after stopping study treatment
  • Every 6 months for years 2-4 after stopping study treatment
  • Once per year in year 5 after stopping study treatment

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Afatinib Sequenced With Concurrent Chemotherapy and Radiation in EGFR-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Tumors: The ASCENT Trial
Study Start Date : April 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Afatinib
Drug: Afatinib
induction phase-two 4 week cycles. consolidation phase-twenty six 4 week cycles

Radiation: Radiation
Daily, Monday-Friday

Drug: Cisplatin
Day 1 of each cycle, IV infusion over 60 minutes

Drug: Pemetrexed
Day 1 of each cycle, given as IV infusion over 10 minutes after cisplatin infusion

Procedure: Surgery
Surgery to remove tumor

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Assess the response rate to induction afatinib.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 2 Year Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Estimate the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS)

  2. Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Describe the number of patients that have side effects of various types from the study treatment

  3. Unresectable Disease Converted to Operable Cases [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Estimate the proportion of patients with initially unresectable disease that can be converted to operable cases

  4. Locoregional Tumor Control Rates [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Estimate 2-year locoregional tumor control rates, distant metastasis rates and overall survival rates, as well as median overall survival (OS)

  5. Evaluation of EGFR Mutation Status and other genotypes [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Evaluate the status of various relevant genes such as EGFR, MET, and other genes that might be related to response or resistance to afatinib, and assess relationship to clinical outcomes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed stage IIIA NSCLC
  • Measurable disease
  • Have lung cancer harboring an EGFR mutation
  • Must be evaluated by a medical oncologist, radiation oncologist and thoracic surgeon within 4 weeks of enrollment into study to document that they are a candidate for chemoradiation and for consideration of surgical resection (not required to be a surgical candidate)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Prior EGFR TKI therapy
  • Prior treatment with radiation to the thoracic region (including breast irradiation)
  • Known pre-existing interstitial lung disease
  • Significant or recent gastrointestinal disorders with diarrhea as a major symptom
  • History or presence of relevant cardiovascular abnormalities
  • Any other concomitant serious illness or organ system dysfunction
  • Active hepatitis B, C or known HIV carrier
  • Known or suspected active drug or alcohol use
  • Known hypersensitivity to afatinib, cisplatin, or pemetrexed
  • Concomitant treatment with strong inhibitor of P-gp
  • History of an active malignancy within the last 3 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01553942

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Contact: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH 617-724-4000

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United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Geoffrey Oxnard, MD    617-632-6049   
Principal Investigator: Geoffrey Oxnard, MD         
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH    617-724-4000   
Principal Investigator: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Lecia V. Sequist, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT01553942    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-464
First Posted: March 14, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Keywords provided by Lecia V. Sequist, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors