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A Randomised Effectiveness Study Comparing Fluticasone Furoate (FF, GW685698)/Vilanterol (VI, GW642444) With Standard Treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01551758
First Posted: March 13, 2012
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
  Purpose
This study is designed to compare the effectiveness and safety of Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol Inhalation Powder (100mcg Fluticasone Furoate ((FF), GW685698)/25mcg Vilanterol ((VI), GW642444)) delivered once daily via a Novel Dry Powder Inhaler (NDPI) compared with the existing COPD maintenance therapy over twelve months in subjects diagnosed with COPD. This is a Phase III multi-centre, randomised open label study. Subjects who meet the eligibility criteria are randomised and will enter a 12 month treatment period.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Drug: FF/VI Other: Existing Maintenance Therapy Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 12-month, Open Label, Randomised, Effectiveness Study to Evaluate Fluticasone Furoate (FF, GW685698)/Vilanterol (VI, GW642444) Inhalation Powder Delivered Once Daily Via a Novel Dry Powder Inhaler (NDPI) Compared With the Existing COPD Maintenance Therapy Alone in Subjects With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Annual Rate of Moderate or Severe COPD Exacerbations [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    Mean annual rate of moderate or severe COPD exacerbations during treatment were assessed. Moderate exacerbation: participant received exacerbation-related prescription of oral corticosteroids and/ or antibiotic (with/without National Health Service [NHS] contact) not requiring hospitalisation. Severe exacerbation: an exacerbation-related hospitalisation. Analysis method was Generalised Linear Model (GLM) assuming the negative binomial distribution with a log-link function and logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable, adjusted for randomized treatment, baseline COPD maintenance therapy per randomisation stratification, number of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations in previous year and smoking status at baseline. Intent to treat (ITT) population: all randomised participants who received a prescription of study medication. Primary Efficacy Analysis Population: all ITT participants who had at least one moderate/severe exacerbation in the year prior to randomization


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) of Pneumonia During the Study [ Time Frame: Up to 58 weeks ]
    Incidence of SAE of pneumonia was defined for each randomized treatment group as the proportion (number) of participants in that group who experienced at least one SAE of pneumonia in the Pneumonia Adverse Event of Special Interest subgroup during the treatment period (from start date of exposure to stop date of exposure + 28 days). Non-inferiority is demonstrated if the upper limit of the two-sided 95% confidence interval for the incidence ratio is less than 2. Serious Adverse Events of pneumonia are defined by the Pneumonia Special Interest Group, which for SAEs of pneumonia collected for these subjects includes the following preferred terms: Pneumonia, Pneumonia aspiration, Aspergillus infection, Empyema, Pneumonia streptococcal, Pneumonitis, Pulmonary tuberculosis.

  • Mean Number of Serious Adverse Events of Pneumonia During the Study [ Time Frame: Up to 58 weeks ]
    The mean number of SAE of pneumonia over the treatment period (from first date of exposure to last date of exposure + 28 days was calculated. Analysis was performed using a negative binomial regression model with covariates of randomised treatment and with logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable.

  • Time to the First Serious Adverse Event of Pneumonia Occuring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment. Analyses included those on-treatment SAEs of pneumonia that had an onset over the first 364 days of exposure, as defined. Participants who did not have an SAE of pneumonia during the first 364 days of the treatment period (start date of exposure to end date of exposure + 28 days were considered censored. Number of participants with event is presented.

  • Number of COPD-related Secondary Care Contacts Expressed as Least Square Mean [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    A COPD-related secondary care contact was defined as an inpatient admission or a specialist outpatient visit or an accident & emergency (A&E) contact. A participant with an A&E contact and subsequent inpatient admission was considered to have had two healthcare contacts. Inpatient admissions recorded at two hospitals on the same day, this was counted as a single (inpatient admission) secondary care contact. COPD-related contacts were identified using predefined lists of ICD-10 codes, specialty descriptions and diagnosis codes recorded in the patients electronic health record (EHR). GLM assuming the negative binomial distribution with log-link function and logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable and adjusted for randomised treatment, baseline COPD maintenance therapy per randomisation stratification, number of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations in the previous year to randomisation and smoking status at baseline.

  • Number of COPD-related Primary Care Contacts Expressed Using Least Square Mean [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    A COPD-related primary care contact was defined as a primary care contact on a given calendar date with either a nurse, general physician (GP) or other healthcare professional that were considered as COPD-related, if the most prominent signs and symptoms the participant was presenting were as a direct result of the participant's COPD, as per Readcodes recorded in the patients electronic health record (EHR). The analysis method was General Linear Model assuming an underlying negative binomial distribution with a log-link function and logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable and adjusted for randomised treatment, baseline COPD maintenance therapy per randomisation stratification, number of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations in the previous year to randomisation and smoking status at baseline.

  • Number of All Secondary Care Contacts Expressed Using Least Square Mean [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    A secondary care contact was defined as an inpatient admission or a specialist outpatient visit or an A&E contact. A participant with an A&E contact and subsequent inpatient admission was considered to have had two healthcare contacts. In the situation where inpatient admissions were recorded at two hospitals on the same day, this was counted as a single secondary care contact. The analysis method was General Linear Model assuming an underlying negative binomial distribution with a log-link function and logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable and adjusted for randomised treatment, baseline COPD maintenance therapy per randomization stratification, number of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations in the previous year to randomization and smoking status at baseline.

  • Number of All Primary Care Contacts Expressed Using Least Square Mean [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    A primary care contact was defined as contact with a either a nurse, general practitioner, or other healthcare professional. The analysis method was General Linear Model assuming an underlying negative binomial distribution with a log-link function and logarithm of time on treatment as an offset variable and adjusted for randomised treatment, baseline COPD maintenance therapy per randomisation stratification, number of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations in the previous year to randomisation and smoking status at baseline.

  • Time to an Event of Discontinuation of Initial Therapy Occurring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 364 days ]
    Initial therapy was defined as the treatment that the subject was randomised to at randomisation. Discontinuation of initial therapy was defined as any modification of initial therapy. These included stepping up, stepping down or switching to another class/class combination, or withdrawal from the study. Switching within the same drug class did not count unless participant switched from FF/VI to a different ICS/LABA. The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment. The probability of discontinuation of initial therapy was measured from the date of randomisation (i.e., exposure start date) to the date of discontinuation of initial therapy to which the participant was randomized, or date of treatment termination (Visit 6 or early withdrawal visit) for participants who completed the study without discontinuing the initial therapy (censored). Number of participants with event is presented.

  • Time to the Addition of a Further COPD Controller Medication Occurring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 364 days ]
    The date of an event for addition of a further COPD controller medication was defined as the exposure start date of the first modified treatment medication that included a new COPD maintenance therapy of a new class of drug (to the initial therapy) during the study treatment period, as collected on the investigational product page of the eCRF. Participants who did not add any COPD controller medication during the study were censored at the end of the treatment period (Day 364). This was equivalent to stepping up, defined as the addition of at least one new class of drug. The probability of an event was measured from the date of randomisation (i.e., treatment initiation) to the date of a change event. The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment. Number of participants with event is presented.

  • Time to First Moderate/Severe Exacerbations Occurring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 364 days ]
    The date of an event for moderate / severe COPD exacerbation was defined as the exacerbation onset date. The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment. The probability of a first moderate / severe exacerbation was measured from the date of randomisation (i.e., treatment initiation) to the onset date of first moderate or severe COPD exacerbation, as recorded on eCRF, or date of treatment termination (Visit 6 or early withdrawal visit) for participants who completed the study without any moderate or severe exacerbations (censored). Participants who completed the study without a moderate or severe COPD exacerbation and analyses of time to first moderate/severe exacerbation were censored at Day 364. Number of participants with event is presented.

  • Time to First Moderate/Severe Exacerbations on Initial Therapy Occurring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 364 days ]
    The date of an event for moderate / severe COPD exacerbation was defined as the exacerbation onset date. The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment. The probability of first moderate / severe exacerbation on initial therapy was measured from the date of randomisation (i.e., exposure start date) to the onset date of first moderate or severe COPD exacerbation, or to the date of discontinuation of initial therapy (analysis was censored at date of discontinuation of initial therapy) for participants who completed the study without any moderate or severe exacerbations on initial therapy. Number of participants with event is presented.

  • Time to First Severe Exacerbations Occurring in a Year [ Time Frame: Up to 364 days ]

    The date of an event for severe exacerbation was defined as the exacerbation onset date. Participants who completed the study without a severe exacerbation were censored. The analysis method was a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for randomized treatment.

    The probability of first severe exacerbation was measured from the date of randomisation (i.e., treatment initiation) to the onset date of first severe exacerbation, as recorded on eCRF, or date of treatment termination (Visit 6 or early withdrawal visit) for participants who completed the study without any severe exacerbations (censored). At Day 364, all participants who have not experienced a severe exacerbation are considered censored, regardless of whether their on-treatment phase continues beyond day 364, including those who withdrew early. Number of participants with event is presented.


  • Number of Participants With Fatal Serious Adverse Events of Pneumonia [ Time Frame: Upto 58 weeks ]
    All SAEs included in the AE subgroup of special interest of "pneumonia" were considered as an SAE of pneumonias. A fatal SAE was defined as a SAE with outcome of fatal for study participant. The number of participants with fatal SAEs of pneumonia was assessed over 14 months.

  • Number of Participants With Non-serious Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks ]
    The number of participants with non-serious ADRs was assessed for up to 54 weeks. An ADR is any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation subject, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, for which there is a reasonable possibility that the untoward occurrence is causally related to the medicinal product. A non-serious ADR included one of the following: exacerbation of chronic or intermittent pre-existing condition; signs, symptoms, or the clinical sequelae of a suspected interaction; signs, symptoms, or new conditions detected or diagnosed after study treatment administration.

  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 56 weeks ]
    SAEs assessed included medical occurrence that, at any dose, results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect, is a significant medical event in the investigator's judgment, or is an event of possible drug-induced liver injury with hyperbilirubinaemia. SAEs were includes if the onset date was on or after the treatment start date and on or before the treatment stop date. However, the window for an SAE of pneumonia was longer and included 28 days post study treatment stop date.

  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Drug Reactions [ Time Frame: Upto 12 months ]
    A serious adverse drug reactions (SADR) is any untoward medical occurrence suspected to be medicinal product-related that at any dose: results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or is a congenital anomaly/birth defect.


Enrollment: 2802
Actual Study Start Date: March 13, 2012
Study Completion Date: November 24, 2015
Primary Completion Date: November 24, 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: FF/VI
once daily via a Novel Dry Powder Inhaler
Drug: FF/VI
FF/VI
Existing Maintenance Therapy

Existing Maintenance Therapy:

  • Long acting bronchodilator therapy alone
  • ICS alone or in combination with a long acting bronchodilator
  • Triple maintenance therapy
Other: Existing Maintenance Therapy

Existing Maintenance Therapy:

  • Long acting bronchodilator therapy alone
  • ICS alone or in combination with a long acting bronchodilator
  • Triple maintenance therapy

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase III multi-centre, randomised open label study performed in subjects followed in primary care who have a diagnosis of and receive regular treatment for COPD in a localised geographical region of the UK
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects eligible for enrolment in the study must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Type of subject: Subjects with documented GP diagnosis of COPD, and currently receiving maintenance therapy
  2. Informed consent: Subjects must be able to provide informed consent, have their consent signed and dated. Subjects must be able to complete the electronic subject questionnaires or allow a proxy to do so on their behalf.
  3. Gender and Age: Male or female subjects aged ≥40 years of age at Visit 1 A female is eligible to enter and participate in the study if she is of: Non-child bearing potential (i.e. physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is post-menopausal or surgically sterile). Surgically sterile females are defined as those with a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation. Post-menopausal females are defined as being amenorrhoeic for greater than 1 year with an appropriate clinical profile, e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms. However in questionable cases, a blood sample with FSH > 40MIU/ml and estradiol <40pg/ml (<140 pmol/L) is confirmatory. Or child bearing potential has a negative urine pregnancy test at Visit 2, and agrees to one of the highly effective and acceptable contraceptive methods used consistently and correctly (i.e. in accordance with the approved product label and the instructions of the physician for the duration of the study - Visit 2 to the end of the study).
  4. Subjects with Exacerbation History
  5. Current COPD Maintenance Therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting any of the following criteria must not be enrolled in the study:

  1. Subjects with any life threatening condition (e.g. low probability (in the opinion of the GP/Investigator) of 12 month survival due to severity of COPD or co-morbid condition) at the point of entry into the study.
  2. Other diseases/abnormalities: Subjects with historical or current evidence of uncontrolled or clinically significant disease. Significant is defined as any disease that, in the opinion of the GP/ Investigator, would put the safety of the subject at risk through participation, or which would affect the efficacy or safety analysis if the disease/condition exacerbated during the study.
  3. Subjects with unstable COPD, defined as the occurrence of the following in the 2 weeks prior to Visit 2:

    - Acute worsening of COPD that is managed by the subject with corticosteroids or antibiotics or that requires treatment prescribed by a physician.

  4. Chronic user of oral corticosteroids: Subjects who, in the opinion of the GP/Investigator, are considered to be a chronic user of oral corticosteroids for respiratory or other indications (if unsure discuss with the medical monitor prior to screening)
  5. Drug/food allergy: Subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the study medications (e.g., beta-agonists, corticosteroid) or components of the inhalation powder (e.g., lactose, magnesium stearate). In addition, subjects with a history of severe milk protein allergy that, in the opinion of the GP/ Investigator, contraindicates the subject's participation will also be excluded.
  6. Investigational Medications: A subject must not have used any investigational drug treatment within 30 days prior to Visit 2 or within five half-lives (t½) of the prior investigational study (whichever is the longer of the two).
  7. Subjects who plan to move away from the geographical area where the study is being conducted during the study period and/or if subjects have not consented to their medical records being part of the electronic medical records database that is operational in the Salford area.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01551758


  Show 178 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Additional Information:
Study Data/Documents: Study Protocol  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Dataset Specification  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Individual Participant Data Set  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Statistical Analysis Plan  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Annotated Case Report Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 115151
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01551758     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 115151
First Submitted: March 1, 2012
First Posted: March 13, 2012
Results First Submitted: September 5, 2016
Results First Posted: May 31, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Exacerbation
Adult
COPD
Respiratory

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Disease
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Fluticasone
Bronchodilator Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents