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Promoting Heart Health in Preschool Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Fundación Cardioinfantil Instituto de Cardiología
Sesame Workshop
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Valentin Fuster, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01551355
First received: March 5, 2012
Last updated: November 10, 2016
Last verified: November 2016
  Purpose
As part of the Colombian Hearty Health Initiative program led by Mount Sinai Cardiovascular Institute, a multidisciplinary team design and implemented a pedagogic and communication strategies for the promotion of healthy heart habits (PPHH) in preschoolers. This included educational materials, pedagogical activities and the use of Sesame Workshop healthy habits for life materials. For Colombia, the latter were largely developed in collaboration with the Colombian Society of Pediatrics, Colombian Society of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Colsubsidio and Fundación Cardioinfantil-Instituto de Cardiología.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiovascular Health Behavioral: Children-Multicomponent intervention Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: Evaluation of an Intervention to Promote Healthy Heart Habits in Pre-School Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Valentin Fuster, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in KAH Score for Children [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 6 months ]

    Change in weighted knowledge, attitude, habit (KAH) (70/20/10) score among children after 5 months of intervention as compared to prior to intervention.

    The study hypothesized that the mean change in knowledge scores associated with this short intervention period would be larger than the mean changes in scores due to attitudes and habits, differential weights (70, 20, and 10, respectively) were given to the scores a priori to compose a standardized weighted total score (WTS).

    The developed questionnaires measured knowledge, attitudes, and habits on healthy eating and living an active lifestyle in children, parents, and teachers.

    Scale range: 0-100 Knowledge scale range: 0-100 Attitude scale range: 0-100 Habit scale range: 0-100 WTS (weighted total score) scale range: 0-100

    Higher values represent a better outcome



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • KAH Score for Parents [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 6 months ]

    Change in Weighted knowledge, attitude, habit (KAH) score (70/20/10) among parents after 5 months of intervention as compared to prior to intervention.

    Because we hypothesized that the mean change in knowledge scores associated with this short intervention period would be larger than the mean changes in scores due to attitudes and habits, we a priori gave differential weights (70, 20, and 10, respectively) to the scores to compose a standardized weighted total score (WTS).

    Questionnaires were developedheae to measure knowledge, attitudes, and habits on healthy eating and living an active lifestyle in children, parents, and teachers.

    Scale range: 0-100 Knowledge scale range: 0-100 Attitude scale range: 0-100 Habit scale range: 0-100 WTS (weighted total score) scale range: 0-100 Higher values represent a better outcome


  • KAH Score for Teachers [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 6 months ]

    Change in Weighted knowledge, attitude, habit (KAH) score (70/20/10) among teachers after 5 months of intervention as compared to prior to intervention.

    Because we hypothesized that the mean change in knowledge scores associated with this short intervention period would be larger than the mean changes in scores due to attitudes and habits, we a priori gave differential weights (70, 20, and 10, respectively) to the scores to compose a standardized weighted total score (WTS).

    We developed questionnaires to measure knowledge, attitudes, and habits on healthy eating and living an active lifestyle in children, parents, and teachers.

    Scale range: 0-100 Knowledge scale range: 0-100 Attitude scale range: 0-100 Habit scale range: 0-100 WTS (weighted total score) scale range: 0-100 Higher values represent a better outcome


  • Body Mass Index - BMI [ Time Frame: baseline ]
    The body mass index (BMI), or Quetelet index, is a measure of relative weight based on an individual's mass and height = Kg/m²


Enrollment: 2279
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Children-Multicomponent intervention
The intervened children were provided classroom educational and playful activities during 5 months, which included Sesame Workshop Healthy Habits storybooks, posters, videos, games, and songs (1 hour daily); a "Healthy family day" workshop (1 hour); and weekly health notes. Parents participated in 3 workshops and weekly notes containing positive health messages about nutrition and active lifestyles to share with their children. Teachers also participated in 3 centralized training sessions, plus personalized working sessions with a research supervisor (2 hours every 15 days), and received a teacher's guide.
Behavioral: Children-Multicomponent intervention
The intervened children were provided classroom educational and playful activities during 5 months, which included Sesame Workshop Healthy Habits storybooks, posters, videos, games, and songs (1 hour daily); a "Healthy family day" workshop (1 hour); and weekly health notes. Parents participated in 3 workshops and weekly notes containing positive health messages about nutrition and active lifestyles to share with their children. Teachers also participated in 3 centralized training sessions, plus personalized working sessions with a research supervisor (2 hours every 15 days), and received a teacher's guide.
No Intervention: children - control group
The control preschool facilities continued with their usual preschool curriculum

Detailed Description:

Background Increased levels of risk factors during childhood create an important life-long burden that favors the development of cardiovascular (CVD) disease in adulthood. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that cardiovascular disease risk factors are identifiable in childhood and persist through to adulthood. It is unknown whether interventions targeting preschoolers may change knowledge, attitudes and habits (KAH) towards healthy lifestyles and, eventually, reduce the burden of CVD.

The goal of the proposed study is to assess over a five month intervention period, the impact of an educational intervention on preschooler's knowledge of, habits and attitudes towards healthy eating and living an active lifestyle. The impact of the intervention will be also assessed in parents and teachers.

Methods The investigators will conduct a cluster, randomized controlled trial in 1216 pre-school children 3 to 5 years of age, 928 parents, and 120 teachers from 14 preschool facilities in Bogotá, Colombia in a low socioeconomic and underprivileged community. Randomization will occur at the facility level. The intervention will include classroom activities and use of printed material (books, posters, teachers' guides, games) and videos. Meanwhile, children in the control facilities will continue with their usual curriculum. A structured survey will be used at baseline and end of study to evaluate changes in KAH and the authors a priori give differential weights (70-20-10, respectively) to the scores to compose a standardized weighted total score (WTS). The primary outcome will be the change in children's WTS and the secondary outcomes will be the changes in parents' and teachers´ WTS.

Potential Impact of the Trial If found to be effective in improving the short-term changes in knowledge, attitudes and habits, the educational intervention may have the potential to influence the children's' diet and physical activity patterns throughout their lifetimes by early interventions when attitudes and habits are formed. The program also targets parents and teachers who contribute to shape children's attitudes and habits and who are often at high risk for health problems associated with unhealthy diet and limited physical activity themselves. The program aims to empower local partners in the health, education, media and government sectors to build up the capacities to ensure sustainability. If proven efficacious in the short term, further evaluative studies should test the hypothesis that this program will serve as an effective and sustainable model to improve children's health worldwide.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children attending one of the 14 H.I. in Usaquén
  • Children who are 3, 4, or 5 years of age at the time of the beginning of the intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unwillingness to provide informed consent
  • Children who have received formal training in healthy habits in nutrition and / or physical activity in the 6 months prior to the start of the follow-up period of the study.
  • Children who plan to receive formal training in healthy habits in nutrition and / or physical activity during the follow-up study period.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01551355

Locations
Colombia
Fundación CardioInfantil Instituto de Cardiología
Bogota, Colombia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Valentin Fuster
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Fundación Cardioinfantil Instituto de Cardiología
Sesame Workshop
Investigators
Study Chair: Valentin Fuster, MD, PhD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  More Information

Responsible Party: Valentin Fuster, Physician-in-Chief, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01551355     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 09-0702
Study First Received: March 5, 2012
Results First Received: August 4, 2014
Last Updated: November 10, 2016

Keywords provided by Valentin Fuster, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
behavioral modification
health communication
prevention

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 23, 2017