Photography or Video in Assessing Breast Reconstruction?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01547338
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 7, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adam Gilmour, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde

Brief Summary:

Current qualitative methods of assessing the aesthetic result following breast reconstruction are known to be poor.

The investigators believe that real time digital video footage followed by expert panel review would be a superior method of qualitative assessment of breast cancer reconstruction aesthetics. This has never been studied before.

Condition or disease
Breast Neoplasms Breast Reconstruction

Detailed Description:

Breast cancer is the commonest cancer to affect women in the UK. Current guidelines state that; disease permitting, all females due to undergo mastectomy for breast cancer should be offered reconstruction. This usually takes place in the form of implant based reconstruction, regional flap based reconstruction +/- implant or free autologous tissue based reconstruction.

Traditional methods of subjectively assessing the aesthetic outcome of any of the forms of breast surgery have been shown to be poor and the assessment of immediate reconstructions a cumbersome task. The qualitative part of the assessment usually relies on standardised clinical photographs and panel ratings. Four to six photographs are usually taken of the patient and their reconstruction from different angles. These photographs are then shown to an expert panel (usually consisting of healthcare professionals familiar with breast reconstruction).

A large degree of both inter and intra-observer bias exists when comparing standardized photographs. The results from expert assessment of cosmesis often do not correlate to the patients opinion with regards to the cosmetic outcome of their reconstruction

Due to the static nature of clinical photography it does not capture the effect which movement and gravity play on a reconstructed breast in comparison to a normal breast.

A large volume of information can be captured from a short digital video clip in comparison to a single photograph. The potential advantages of digital video assessment over photography are only beginning to be explored with regards to aesthetics in other fields associated to medicine.9 However this has never been trialed with regards to breast cancer reconstruction.

We believe that real time digital video footage would be a more valuable tool in the assessment of breast reconstruction. We believe that there may be more accurate correlations between patient's satisfaction and panel opinion and that there will be less inter and intra-observer discordance

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Comparison of Static Photography and Real Time Digital Video in the Assessment of Aesthetic Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Breast reconstruction patient
Unilateral breast reconstruction patients

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Inter/Intra observer correlation on cosmetic scale using digital video footage [ Time Frame: Outcome measure will be assessed approximately 1 year post breast reconstruction ]
    The primary aim of this study is to assess the level of inter and intra rater agreement for the expert panel on each of the 6 questions on the cosmetic outcome of breast reconstruction patients using digital video footage

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of digital video footage panel scores against patient self-assessment scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measure will be assessed approximately 1 year post breast reconstruction ]
    If the above primary and secondary objectives show that the intra-observer agreement is good, to compare the agreement between patients' self-assessment and expert panel assessment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Breast reconstruction patients attending for Nipple Areola Complex Tattoing

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female patient
  • Minimum 18 years of age
  • Due to attend for Nipple areola complex tattooing
  • Previous unilateral breast reconstruction following mastectomy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male patient
  • Bilateral Breast Reconstruction
  • Reconstruction less than 1year ago
  • Breast reconstruction not following breast cancer excision

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01547338

United Kingdom
Canniesburn Plastic Surgery Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G4 0SF
Sponsors and Collaborators
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Principal Investigator: Adam Gilmour, MBChB, MRCS(Ed) NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Adam Gilmour, Clinical Laser Research Fellow, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Identifier: NCT01547338     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GN12SU052
First Posted: March 7, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2015
Last Verified: April 2015

Keywords provided by Adam Gilmour, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases