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Trial of an Oral Sucrose Solution Versus Placebo in Children 1 to 3 Months Old Needing Nasopharyngeal Aspiration

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Serge Gouin, St. Justine's Hospital Identifier:
First received: February 29, 2012
Last updated: December 21, 2015
Last verified: December 2015

Background: Early recognition and treatment of pain among children is important for their cognitive development and their future response to pain throughout their life. Oral sweet solutions have been accepted as effective pain reducing agents for procedures in the neonatal population. To date, there have been a limited number of published clinical trials in an emergency setting studying this type of intervention among infants undergoing venous puncture and bladder catheterization. These studies have reported conflicting results. No previous studies have evaluated the utilization of sucrose to manage pain during nasopharyngeal aspiration.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of an oral sucrose solution versus placebo in reducing pain in children one to three months of age during nasopharyngeal aspiration in the Emergency Department.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pain Drug: 88% sucrose po Drug: placebo po Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Double-blind Trial Comparing the Effect on Pain of an Oral Sucrose Solution Versus Placebo in Children 1 to 3 Months Old Needing Nasopharyngeal Aspiration

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Serge Gouin, St. Justine's Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference in pains scores related to nasopharyngeal aspiration [ Time Frame: one minute ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference in pain scores related to nasopharyngeal aspiration [ Time Frame: 3 minutes ]

Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: February 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2015
Primary Completion Date: November 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: sucrose po Drug: 88% sucrose po
88% sucrose solution (Syrup B.P.)
Placebo Comparator: placebo po Drug: placebo po
sterile water

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 3 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Infants from one to three months (one month or more but less than three months old) of actual age (not corrected) requiring a nasopharyngeal aspiration as a part of their planned ED management during weekdays from 8h to 16h.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Preterm infants (i.e. born <37 weeks)
  • Chronic cardio-pulmonary condition
  • Assisted ventilation (such as tracheostomy or oxygen dependance)
  • Technology dependant (such as enteral feeding tubes)
  • Oropharyngeal malformation or dysfunction (such as cleft palate or micrognatia)
  • Previous participation in this study
  • Painful procedures in the preceding 60 minutes (bladder catheterization, vesical puncture, lumbar puncture, capillary blood tests)
  • Parental language barrier (French and/or English)
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01544946

Canada, Quebec
CHU Ste-Justine
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T1C5
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Justine's Hospital
Principal Investigator: Serge Gouin, MDCM, FRCPC St. Justine's Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Serge Gouin, Associate Professor, St. Justine's Hospital Identifier: NCT01544946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Sucrose3415
Study First Received: February 29, 2012
Last Updated: December 21, 2015

Keywords provided by Serge Gouin, St. Justine's Hospital:
emergency medicine
nasopharyngeal aspiration processed this record on August 18, 2017