Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Pharmacological Treatment: Metformin Versus Atorvastatin
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Drug: Low dose metformin
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Metformin Versus Atorvastatin in Nonalcoholic Hepatic Steatosis: a Randomized Study|
- Number of Participants with improvement of liver hyperechogenicity [ Time Frame: one year ]We will investigate efficacy of metformin and atorvastatin in amelioration of liver hyperechogenicity and fibrosis scores.
- Number of Participants with amelioration of metabolic syndrome and HOMA-Index [ Time Frame: one years ]We will investigate efficacy of metformin and atorvastatin in amelioration of metabolic parameters (change in the number of patients with metabolic syndrome from baseline and after treatment and amelioration of HOMA-Index from Baseline at one years).
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Low dose Metformin
500 mg twice a day for one year
Drug: Low dose metformin
500 mg twice a day
Active Comparator: Metformin
1000 mg twice a day for one year
1000 mg twice a day
Active Comparator: Atorvastatin
20 mg day
Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease that encompasses both simple steatosis and non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH.
There is currently no therapy that is of proven benefit for these liver disorders both of which are closely associated with insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome such as obesity, hyperlipidaemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The first line approach to NAFLD is currently based on diet and lifestyle modification. However, dietary treatment is limited by the lack of compliance and the frequent regain of weight at follow-up.
Aim of our Unit is to compare the efficacy of two different doses of metformin (1 g/day and 2 g/day) with atorvastatin (20 mg/day) on amelioration of inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters, ultrasound signs and clinical scores associated with liver fibrosis in early-stage NAFLD non-diabetic patients.
The investigators will enrol obese or overweight non-diabetic patients with ultrasonographic diagnosis of hepatic steatosis at early stage (NAFLD). The investigators will exclude from the study patients with clinical-biochemical and ultrasound markers of disease severity (age, BMI, lipid profile, AST, ALT, Angulo, BAAT and HAIR clinical fibrosis scores, signs of portal hypertension and posterior attenuation of the deep liver parenchyma at US). Patients who meet all eligibility criteria will be randomly assigned to one of three groups for 12 months of study treatment. The first group (n=50) will receive metformin (1g/day) plus dietary treatment; the second group (n=50) will be given metformin (2 g/day) and the third group (n=50) will be treated with atorvastatin (20 mg/day). All participants will be followed-up at 3, 6, 9, 12 months intervals after randomization. We will compare the effects of two doses of metformin with atorvastatin on the amelioration of both inflammatory (PCR, TNF-a , IL-6) and metabolic parameters (lipid profile, BMI, waist circumference, fasting glucose, 2-h glucose tolerance test, insulin, transaminases, adiponectin,leptin, HOMA-IR index and VAI index). Furthermore, we will assess the improvement under drug treatment of liver steatosis on the basis of US signs (liver echogenicity and stiffness) and of fibrosis scoring systems (Angulo, BAAT and HAIR scores).
In conclusion, considering the increasing prevalence of NAFLD and its strong association with cardiovascular diseases and cancer, the investigators expect to identify a safe pharmacological regimen that, in addition to dietary treatment, may ameliorate or even reverse this liver disease and the underlying risk factors. This study could have an important social impact in terms of both preventive and therapeutic interventions.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01544751
|Catanzaro, Italy, 88100|
|Study Director:||Antonino Belfiore, Director||Endocrinology Unit|