Pot-Kast: Thrombosis Prophylaxis After Knee Arthroscopy (Pot-Kast)
Currently, guidelines and clinical practice differ considerably with respect to use of anticoagulant treatment after arthroscopy of the knee. Trials that have been carried out were aimed at efficacy only, had small sample sizes and therefore mainly used asymptomatic thrombosis as endpoint. From these trials an overall risk benefit-balance could not be established, hence the current controversy. In the proposed study the investigators will use relevant symptomatic endpoints in a large cohort of patients. Furthermore the investigators will follow subjects with an adverse event for a longer period, during which the investigators will assess the long term sequelae of these events. Lastly, the investigators will determine high risk groups that will benefit most from anticoagulant treatment.
Objective: Comparative effectiveness research to determine cost-effectiveness of two existing policies, i.e. treatment with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) after arthroscopy of the knee. In addition the investigators will investigate personalized prophylaxis based on genetic and acquired risk factors.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Pot-Kast: Thrombosis Prophylaxis After Knee Arthroscopy: Determining the Balance Between Benefits and Risks|
- Symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) [ Time Frame: 3 Months ]Symptomatic deep venous thrombosis confirmed with compression ultrasonography
- Pulmonary Embolism (PE) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Fatal or non-fatal pulmonary embolism confirmed with:
- an intraluminal filling defect in segmental or more proximal branches on spiral CT scan, or
- a perfusion defect of at least 75% of a segment with a local normal ventilation result (high-probability) on ventilation/perfusion lung scan, or
- detected at autopsy
- Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Major bleeding, defined as:
- a fatal bleeding, or
- symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, or
- extrasurgical site bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin level of 1.24mmol/L (2.0g/dL) or more, leading to transfusion of one or more units of whole blood or red cells, or
- surgical site bleeding that requires a second intervention or a hemarthrosis interfering with rehabilitation, or surgical site bleeding that needs blood suppletion.
- Other clinically relevant bleeding [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Other clinically relevant bleeding, defined as overt bleeding not meeting the criteria for major bleeding but associated with medical intervention, unscheduled contact with a physician, (temporary) cessation of study treatment, or associated with discomfort such as pain, or impairment of activities of daily life.
- Surgical site infection [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Superficial incisional surgical site infection, deep incisional surgical site infection of organ/space surgical site infection according to the definitions of the CDC.
|Study Start Date:||May 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
750 patients with an arthroscopy or the knee will be randomized to receive treatment with a LMWH
Each hospital will use a LMWH according to their own preferences.
Prophylactic dosage of LMWH (for example nadroparin 2850 IE s.c.) once daily for 8 days. If the patient's weight is more than 100kg a double dose of LMWH will be given (in case of Nadroparin 5700 IE s.c. once daily).
No Intervention: No intervention
750 patients with an arthroscopy of the knee will be randomized to receive no treatment.
Show Detailed Description
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01542723
|Zwolle, Overijsel, Netherlands, 8011 JW|
|Leiderdorp, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, 2353 GA|
|Delft, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2616 LS|
|Reinier de Graaf Groep|
|Delft, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2625 AD|
|Medisch Centrum Haaglanden|
|Den Haag, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2512 VA|
|Den Haag, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2566 MJ|
|Groene Hart Ziekenhuis|
|Gouda, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2803 HH|
|Leiden University Medical Center|
|Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 2333 ZA|
|Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 3067 GH|
|Study Director:||Suzanne C Cannegieter, PhD, MD||Leiden University Medical Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Rob GHH Nelissen, PhD, MD||Leiden University Medical Center|