Study of Azacytidine Followed by GM-CSF in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the combination of azacitidine and GM-CSF can help to control MDS. The safety of these drugs will also be studied.
Azacitidine is designed to block certain proteins that stop the function of tumor-fighting genes. By blocking the "bad" proteins, the tumor-fighting genes may be able to work better.
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is designed to help produce white blood cells. This may help to fight infections.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Azacytidine Followed by GM-CSF in Patients With Low- or Intermediate-1- Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)|
- Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 treatment cycles (8 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]ORR is percentage total participants with overall response (Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR)) within two treatment cycles. Response based on modified International Working Group (IWG) criteria: Complete response - Bone marrow: 5% myeloblasts with normal maturation of all cell lines, Persistent dysplasia noted, Peripheral blood Hgb 11 g/dL, Platelets 100x109/L, Neutrophils 1.0x109/L, Blasts 0%. Partial response: All CR criteria if abnormal before treatment except: Bone marrow blasts decreased by 50% over pretreatment but still > 5% , Cellularity and morphology not relevant; Stable disease - Failure to achieve at least PR, but no evidence of progression for > 8 weeks; No Response or Failure - Death during treatment or disease progression characterized by worsening of cytopenias, increase in percentage of bone marrow blasts, or progression to a more advanced MDS French-American-British (FAB) classification subtype than pretreatme
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Azacytidine + GM-CSF
Azacytidine administered intravenously (IV) or subcutaneously (SQ) at starting dose of 40 mg/m^2, daily for 4 days.
GM-CSF administered IV or subcutaneously at 250 mcg/m^2 one day (the next day) after completion of azacytidine treatment, for 3 consecutive days.
Each treatment cycle will last at least 4 weeks
Starting dose: 40 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) or subcutaneously (SQ) daily for 4 days.
Other Names:Drug: GM-CSF
250 mcg/m^2 IV or SQ one day (the next day) after completion of azacytidine treatment, for 3 consecutive days.
Study Drug Administration:
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, on Days 1-4 of every cycle, you will receive azacitidine by vein over 15-30 minutes.
You may receive drugs to help prevent nausea and vomiting before you receive your dose of azacitidine.
On Days 5-7 of every cycle, you will receive GM-CSF by vein over about 15 minutes or by injection.
Each study cycle will be about 4-6 weeks, depending on the study doctor's decision.
One (1) time each week during every cycle, blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.
At any time, if your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a bone marrow aspirate to check the status of the disease.
Length of Study:
You may continue taking the study drugs for as long as the doctor thinks it is in your best interest. You will no longer be able to take the study drugs if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.
Your follow-up visits will be per standard of care for the disease.
This is an investigational study. Both azacitidine and GM-CSF are FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of MDS. The study drug combination to treat MDS is considered investigational.
Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01542684
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Zeev Estrov, MD||UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|