VIDAZA-DLI Pre-emptive Azacitidine and Donor Lymphocyte Infusions Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for High Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome (VIDAZA-DLI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01541280
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nantes University Hospital

Brief Summary:
Patients included in the study with high risk acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome as defined will receive an allogeneic transplantation conditioned by either myeloablative or reduced regimen. Following allogeneic transplantation, patients will receive a maintenance regimen combining chemotherapy with azacitidine (aza) and immunotherapy with donor lymphocyte infusion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Azacitidine Other: DLI Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pre-emptive Azacitidine and Donor Lymphocyte Infusions Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for High Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2015

Intervention Details:
    Drug: Azacitidine
    Azacitidine (AZA) is to be administered every 28 days beginning day +56 to 100 posttransplant for one year provided the patients has a platelet count of >15 x 109/L without transfusion for at least 2 successive days, and an absolute neutrophil count of >1 x 109/L without growth factor for at least 2 successive days, and no acute GVHD greater than grade I and no clinical evidence of life-threatening infection. AZA is given 32 mg /m²/day subcutaneously for 5 days every 28 days (
    Other: DLI

    Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is to be given from day +126 (week 18) in patients without immunosuppressive therapy for at least one month and following 3 cycles of AZA, and without clinical signs of GVHD, and without uncontrolled infection and without a recent history of >grade 2 acute GVHD. DLI are schedules every 8 weeks. There are 3 DLI scheduled.

    If first cycle of AZA is postponed beyond day 56 (maximum to Day 100), all subsequent cycles and DLI will be post poned too.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of the cumulative incidence of relapse rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    An A'Hern procedure will be used (cf. 11.1): If the number of patients not relapsed at two year will be 18 or more out of 24 patients, the null hypothesis will be rejected and the relapse rate will be considered acceptable.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of disease-free survival (DFS) at 2 years from transplantation [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier method

  2. Measure the overall survival rate at 2 years [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier method

  3. Cumulative incidence death from leukemia, and non relapse mortality (NRM) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    cumulative incidence function for disease free survival at 2 years from transplantation, GVHD, death from leukaemia and non-relapse mortality will be estimated (patients are at risk not only for relapse but can also be "removed" from possible relapse because of competing events such as death in remission (due to infection or GVHD)).

  4. Feasibility and safety of administrating maintenance azacitidine following allogenic transplantaton [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To evaluate toxicity induced by the azacitidine and DLI, different parameters will be studied:Cell Blood Count with differential, liver function tests, serum creatinine, BUN and total protein will be performed weekly from the time of initiation of azacitidine administration until completion of the last DLI. Performance Status,Acute GVHD,Bone marrow aspiration with evaluation of morphological response as well as chimerism from peripheral blood will be performed prior starting azacitidine, following 3 cycles of azacitidine and after the seventh cycle and twelfth cycle of azacitidine.

  5. Feasibility and safety of performing prophylactic donor lymphocytes infusion [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    The relatedness of observed toxicity to DLI will be evaluated and documented:

    • Maximum toxicity with respect to mucositis, liver, kidney, lung, heart, neurological system according to CTC criteria (cf. appendices).
    • Infections (bacteremia, fungemia, invasive fungal infection, CMV reactivation and disease, other viral reactivation or infection).
    • Grade of acute and chronic GVHD (cf. appendices); GVHD is classified according to clinical symptoms, irrespective to the time interval to DLI.
    • Bone marrow aspiration, as well as chimerism in PB.

  6. Incidence and severity of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Symptoms related to GVHD should be reported within the GVHD section of the case reporting files. AE and SAE are documented in the patient's chart

    • on a daily basis, as long as the patient is on ward, and
    • on a weekly to two-monthly basis during outpatient follow up, depending on the frequency of outpatient visits on the respective patient.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with high risk acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allogeneic transplantation with either a familial or an unrelated donor.

High risk AML is defined as :

  • AML in CR1 with unfavorable cytogenetics defined by complex caryotype, autosomal monosomy combined or not with other cytogenetics abnormalities inv(3)/t(3,3), t(6;9), t(6;11), t(11;19), del(5q), del(7q).
  • AML in CR2 or greater remission prior allogeneic transplantation
  • AML in PR or relapse prior allogeneic transplantation
  • Or Patients with high risk myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing allogeneic transplantation with either a familial or an unrelated donor.

High risk MDS is defined as :

  • MDS with intermediate-2 group and higher risk group according to IPSS criteria
  • Age 18 - 70 years.
  • Availability of an HLA identical family donor or unrelated donor with matching in 10/10 alleles (HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, DQB1) or maximum of 1 allele or antigen mismatch OR family donor with maximum 1 allele mismatch.
  • Conditioning regimen to allogeneic transplantation may be either myeloablative or reduced.
  • Be able to understand and sign informed consent.
  • Affiliation number to National Health Care System
  • Men and women of childbearing potential must use effective contraception during and up to 3 months after treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The presence of any one exclusion criteria renders the patient ineligible:
  • Patient in full relapse post-transplant (>20% blasts in the bone marrow) following allogeneic transplant
  • Documented leukemic infiltration of CNS/cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Karnofsky performance score below 60%.
  • Acute and chronic heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV) or symptomatic ischemic heart disease.

following allogeneic transplant

  • Severe liver failure (bilirubin >30 μmoles/L, SGPT > 4 X upper limit of normal).
  • Hepatic malignancy in advanced stage.
  • Severe neurological or psychiatric disorders
  • Acute GVHD grade II-III. Patient with grade I GVHD may be included (see annex 1 for GHVD grade definition).
  • Active uncontrolled infection.
  • Denied informed consent.
  • Treatment with other investigational drugs following allogeneic transplantation.
  • No effective contraception
  • Lactating females
  • Pregnant woman

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01541280

University Hospital of Nantes
Nantes, France, 44000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nantes University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Milpied Noel, Professor CHU BORDEAUX
Principal Investigator: Guillaume Thierry, Doctor CHU Nantes
Principal Investigator: Yakoub-Agha Ibrahim, Professor CHU Lille
Principal Investigator: Huynh Anne, Doctor CHU Toulouse
Principal Investigator: Blaise Didier, Professor Institut-Paoli Calmettes Marseille
Principal Investigator: Mohamad Mothy, Professor Hôpital Saint Antoine

Responsible Party: Nantes University Hospital Identifier: NCT01541280     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BRD 10/07-H
First Posted: February 29, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016

Keywords provided by Nantes University Hospital:
Allogreffe, LAM , MDS
Azacitidine (VidazaÒ)
Injection de lymphocytes de donneur (DLI)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors