Biomarker of Children With Familial Autoimmune History
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Biomarker Discovery In Children With Autism Plus Familial Autoimmune History|
- Number of autistic participants with autoimmune markers [ Time Frame: 5 years ]The designed techniques will be used to first identify and then determine the frequency of autoimmune markers cross reacting with fly neuronal proteins in children with carefully characterized autism with and without a positive familial autoimmune history (FAH) in a first degree relative compared to typically developing children without FAH.
- Identification of neuronal protein autoimmunity [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Presence of autoantibodies will be correlated with presence of a positive FAH in a first degree relative. Identification of neuronal protein autoimmunity will allow further investigation of etiological factors and possible immune modulating treatment in children with autism.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Autism with FAH
Children diagnosed with autism with first degree relatives that have autoimmune disorders.
Autism without FAH
Children diagnosed with autism without first degree relatives that have autoimmune disorders.
Typically developing children
Purpose: To identify biomarkers in this subset of autism patients, design a protein based assay system for screening serum for these biomarkers and confirm that these serum antibodies are still present at one year's time.
Rationale: Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), are an increasingly important public health concern. Estimates of prevalence of ASDs range from 1/500 to 1/150 children. Retrospective data points to immune dysfunction in some of these children and increased frequency of familial autoimmune history (FAH) has been reported in children with autism. Behavioral responses to immune modulating therapy, though in uncontrolled studies, indicate a role for autoimmunity in the pathogenesis. Preliminary prospective work has suggested an immune etiology in autism based on the high frequency of brain endothelial antibodies (BEA) in children with language regression, 2/3 of whom are on the autistic spectrum and with autism without language regression. Follow up studies in a small number of patients showed persistence of BEA after at least a year. The specific nervous system epitopes have not been identified.
Population: Approximately 15 children with clinically diagnosed autism who have first degree relatives (parents, brothers, sisters, or children) with autoimmune disorders listed on a questionnaire. Children on the autism spectrum without autoimmune history and sibling matched controls without an ASD from the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI) with deidentified data in the SFARI database will be matched for age, sex and ethnicity. Plasma samples and psychometric data from the database will be provided through the database for analysis in the laboratory of Dr. Reiter.
Design: The investigators seek to identify protein biomarkers in the serum of children with carefully characterized autism who have a familial autoimmune history in first degree relatives (FAH). Cognitive defects in the mouse model of the autism spectrum disorder tuberous sclerosis complex can be ameliorated by rapamycin, an immune suppressant drug indicating the likelihood that auto-immunity plays a role in autism pathogenesis. To expedite the identification of these biomarkers the investigators will use proteomic profiling in Drosophila melanogaster. The Drosophila (fly) nervous system is highly homologous to humans at the molecular level and genetic pathways for synaptic development and function are highly conserved. Several human neurogenetic diseases including Huntington, Alzheimer, fragile X, spinal cerebellar ataxia and Parkinson disease have been successfully studied using fly genetic models. Monoclonal antibodies generated against total fly brain homogenate cross react with human neuronal tissue and are highly specific for the recognition of particular subsets of neurons in the human nervous system. Our goal is to identify biomarkers in this group of autism patients, design a protein based assay system for screening serum for these biomarkers and confirm that these serum antibodies are persistent. A similar approach was taken by Dr. Levin to identify the central nervous system (CNS) autoantigen in the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 disease associated myelopathy/tropical spastic. Dr. Reiter's group currently uses proteomic profiling in Drosophila to identify the protein targets of the Angelman syndrome gene, UBE3A.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01541033
|United States, Tennessee|
|LeBonheur Children's Hospital|
|Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38103|
|Principal Investigator:||Kathryn A McVicar, MD||LeBonheur Children's Medical Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Larry T Reiter, PhD||LeBonheur Children's Medical Center|