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Hydroxychloroquine in Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Proof of Concept Study

This study has been terminated.
(lack of funding)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arkansas Identifier:
First received: February 10, 2012
Last updated: November 18, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
Presence of multiple traditional and nontraditional risk factors of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) including inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contribute to high CVD morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Additionally, the traditional approaches towards the therapy of CVD have little impact on CV mortality in these patients. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) used as anti-inflammatory in rheumatological disorders, has multiple beneficial properties relevant to the process of vascular disease. The effects of HCQ on atherosclerosis (AS) and vascular disease in CKD is not known yet. Thus, the study hypothesis is that HCQ treatment in individuals with CKD will provide clinically significant benefit in the management of CVD and will provide biological and functional atherosclerotic benefits.

Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Cardiovascular Disease
Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
Other: Matching Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hydroxychloroquine in Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Proof of Concept Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Arkansas:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Inflammatory Marker, Hs-C Reactive Protein, at 6 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 months ]
    Hs-CRP will be measured at baseline (before study drug) and at end of study (6 months). This marker is measured by ELISA assay from serum.

Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: February 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Matching Placebo
Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) will be randomized to either hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) or matching placebo in a 3:1 ratio (approximately 39 to HCQ and 13 to placebo)
Other: Matching Placebo
matching placebo capsule 200 mg daily for 10 +/- 4 days and thereafter 200 mg twice a day for duration of study, approximately 6 months
Experimental: Hydroxychloroquine
Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) will be randomized to either hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) or matching placebo in a 3:1 ratio (approximately 39 to HCQ and 13 to placebo)
Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
200 mg capsule daily for 10 +/- 4 days, then 200 mg twice daily till end of study (duration approximately 6 months)
Other Name: Plaquenil

Detailed Description:

This pilot study has been designed to look at the impact of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in the clinical model of accelerated atherosclerosis (AS) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. This intervention is designed to have an impact on the initiation and progression of AS by reducing systemic inflammation, improving or restoring vascular endothelial function, and by improving the milieu of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.

The current study is a proof of concept study for the expansion of the use of HCQ for a new indication for the treatment of AS and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with CKD.University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) has filed an Investigational New Drug (IND) for a new indication on 4/28/11. The FDA responded that this study is exempt from an IND.

This "Proof-of-Concept" randomized double blinded placebo controlled study will evaluate the nature and extent of HCQ effects, and if found significantly beneficial, it will be used to guide the development of a large, multicenter, randomized control trial of HCQ to examine the hard clinical end points of CVD and mortality in patients with advanced CKD. The investigators propose to enroll 62 subjects to achieve the effects of HCQ in 52 individuals (39 HCQ group and 13 placebo group).


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Measured stage IV proteinuric chronic kidney disease with an estimated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) GFR (eGFR) of 18 to 35 ml/min.
  • Current or history of documented proteinuria of more than or equal to 300 mg/dL in 24 hours or a spot urine protein to creatinine ratio of greater than 0.3 ug/mg.
  • Not on dialysis.
  • Ages 18 to 80 years, both sexes, all races and ethnicities

Exclusion Criteria:

  • glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency or known hypersensitivity to 4-aminoquinoline compounds (such as chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine).
  • Abnormal liver functions; aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) more than 2.5 times the normal or international normalized ratio (INR) without being anti-coagulated greater than 1.4.
  • Known chronic active infections like HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C positive, chronic osteomyelitis etc.
  • Recent serious infection including Pneumonia requiring hospitalization, meningitis, septicemia in the 2 months prior to screening.
  • Active or recently treated (< 1 year in remission) malignancy or systemic inflammatory diseases (Patients with localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin are eligible).
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study.
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppression within last 3 months (acute course of steroid for a gouty arthritis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is eligible if > 1 month ago).
  • History of prolonged corrected QT interval > 450.
  • Inability to attend or comply with treatment or follow-up scheduling.
  • Life expectancy less than 6 months or uncontrolled congestive heart failure (CHF) (defined as more than 2 admissions in prior 6 months).
  • Any other condition the PI determines may put the research subject in jeopardy during the course of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01537315

United States, Arkansas
Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610-0224
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arkansas
Principal Investigator: Dumitru Rotaru, MD University of Arkansas
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Arkansas Identifier: NCT01537315     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 132036
Study First Received: February 10, 2012
Results First Received: October 31, 2014
Last Updated: November 18, 2014

Keywords provided by University of Arkansas:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Cardiovascular Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents processed this record on May 23, 2017