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Legalon SIL for the Treatment of HCV Recurrence in Liver Transplanted Patients

This study has been terminated.
(when realized that the target 60% of patients with SVR was no more achievable)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rottapharm Identifier:
First received: February 7, 2012
Last updated: February 14, 2012
Last verified: February 2012

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the treatment of choice for patients with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection and end-stage liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma; infection of the graft and hepatitis C recurrence is universal after OLT and recurrent HCV hepatitis often follows an accelerated course after OLT, with rapid histological recurrence and cirrhosis. These very poor outcome significantly affect graft and patient survival and reduces the benefit of transplantation for this indication. Therapeutic strategies are not available; high viral load, high prevalence of genotype 1b and need of dose reduction of interferon and ribavirin because of the side effects or intolerance, together with the interference of immunosuppressive drugs, resulted in the vast majority of the patients in failure in obtaining viral eradication.

Recently, Silibinin, has been studied and reported to be capable to act as potent antiviral agent in patients with HCV; it has been used successfully in a protocol of a 14 day intravenous infusion in previous non-responders to peginterferon/ribavirin therapy. In view of his postulated profile of safety, it seems an ideal drug to be used in the setting of HCV recurrent patients after liver transplant.

Aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study is to determine the therapeutic effect of Legalon SIL in the prevention of HCV reinfection in chronically infected hepatitis C patients after OLT.

Awaiting orthotopic liver transplantation patients affected by HCV will be randomised 3:1 to receive, in addition to their current therapy, silibinin 20mg/kg/day (Legalon SIL) or placebo infused over 2 hours from 14 to 21 consecutive days; in addition, patients will receive treatment with silibinin 20mg/kg/day (Legalon SIL), infused over 2 hours, for 7 days after transplant.

The Primary Efficacy endpoint is to achieve sustained virological response (SVR) while Secondary Efficacy endpoints are to evaluate the virologic response, the percentage of patients who has a decreased of at least 2 log10 the levels of HCV-RNA and the safety of Legalon SIL in this population.

Condition Intervention Phase
HCV Recurrence After Liver Transplantation Drug: Silibinin Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Legalon SIL for the Treatment of HCV Recurrence of the Graft in Orthotopic Liver Transplant Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rottapharm:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained virological response (SVR), defined as Virological Response (undetectable HCV-RNA) that lasts 6 months after the transplant [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Virologic response (VR) defined as undetectable HCV RNA [ Time Frame: after 14-21 days of pre-OLT and 7 days of post-OLT treatment; week 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]
  • Percentage of patients who has a decreased of at least 2 log10 the levels of HCV-RNA [ Time Frame: at week 4 after OLT ]
  • Number of patients with AE [ Time Frame: after 14-21 days of pre-OLT and 7 days of post-OLT treatment; week 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]
  • laboratory parameters [ Time Frame: after 14-21 days of pre-OLT and 7 days of post-OLT treatment; week 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]
  • blood levels of immunosuppressive drugs [ Time Frame: week 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]
  • Vital signs [ Time Frame: after 14-21 days of pre-OLT and 7 days of post-OLT treatment; week 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]
  • ECG [ Time Frame: after 14-21 days of pre-OLT and 7 days of post-OLT treatment; week 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 24 after OLT ]

Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: November 2011
Primary Completion Date: October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: silibinin
Silibinin 20mg/Kg/day (Legalon SIL) by intravenous infusion for 14-21 days before OLT and for 7 days after OLT
Drug: Silibinin
20mg/Kg daily by intravenous infusion, for 14-21 days pre-OLT and for 7 days post-OLT
Other Name: Legalon SIL
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo (NaCl 0.9% - saline) administered daily by intravenous infusion for 14-21 days before OLT and 7 days after OLT
Drug: Placebo
Saline, daily infused for 14-21 days pre-OLT and for 7 days post-OLT


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient must provide signed and dated informed consent before undergoing any trial related procedure.
  2. Patient between 18 and 70 years of age.
  3. Patient must have documented HCV infection. The HCV-RNA result obtained from the local laboratory at the screening visit must confirm HCV-RNA > 1000 IU/mL.
  4. Patient must qualify for liver transplantation at the time of Screening according to Model for End stage Liver Disease (MELD) criteria
  5. Patient must have a documented diagnosis of cirrhosis.
  6. Patient weigh between 50 kg and 100 kg.
  7. Patients must be able to communicate, participate and comply with the requirements of the entire study.
  8. Female patients of child-bearing potential must agree on using a contraceptive method (oral contraceptive, intrauterine device, transdermal contraceptive patch) and must have a negative pregnancy urine test at screening.
  9. HCV Genotype, chest X-ray, ultrasonography and ocular examination (for patients with history of diabetes or hypertension) must be performed within 6 months prior to Screening or between Screening and Day 1. 12-Lead ECG must be performed within 3 months prior to Screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients known to be coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (HBsAg positive).
  2. Active septic infections at time of screening.
  3. Previous organ transplantation other than cornea and hair.
  4. Use of systemic immunosuppressant or immunomodulating agents (including systemic corticosteroids) within 4 weeks of the screening visit or during the screening period.
  5. Treatment for HCV with any investigational medication (prior use of silymarin is not exclusionary)
  6. Treatment for HCV with any licensed therapies or prior maintenance therapy with any interferon alpha within 30 days of the randomization visit.
  7. Participation in any other clinical trial within 30 days of randomization or intention to participate in another clinical trial during participation in this study.
  8. Any known pre-existing medical condition that could interfere with the subject's participation in and completion of the study including but not limited to:

    • Chronic pulmonary disease (eg, clinical chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis).
    • Current or history of any clinically significant cardiac abnormalities/dysfunction (eg, angina, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, complex congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, significant arrhythmia) including current uncontrolled hypertension, or history of use of antianginal agents for cardiac conditions.
    • Any other condition which, in the opinion of a physician-investigator, would make the patient unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with the subject participating in and completing the study.
  9. Subjects who are part of the site personnel directly involved with this study or those who are family members of the investigational study staff.
  10. If female, pregnancy or breast-feeding.
  11. Known hypersensitivity to Legalon® SIL.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01535092

Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Xavier Forns, Dr Hospital Clinic i Barcelona
  More Information

Responsible Party: Rottapharm Identifier: NCT01535092     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LEG-SIL-LTX-03
Study First Received: February 7, 2012
Last Updated: February 14, 2012

Keywords provided by Rottapharm:
HCV recurrence
HCV reinfection
Liver transplantation
Legalon SIL
viral load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017