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Fludarabine Phosphate, Melphalan, and Low-Dose Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Donor Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Malignancies

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: February 6, 2012
Last updated: March 28, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
This phase II trial studies how well giving fludarabine phosphate, melphalan, and low-dose total-body irradiation (TBI) followed by donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) works in treating patients with hematologic malignancies. Giving chemotherapy drugs such as fludarabine phosphate and melphalan, and low-dose TBI before a donor PBSCT helps stop the growth of cancer and abnormal cells and helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from the donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cell from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and methotrexate after transplant may stop this from happening

Condition Intervention Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma
Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma
Aplastic Anemia
Burkitt Lymphoma
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia
Diamond-Blackfan Anemia
Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue
Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable
Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma
Polycythemia Vera
Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder
Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Primary Myelofibrosis
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Secondary Myelofibrosis
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Severe Congenital Neutropenia
Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome
Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: melphalan
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Drug: tacrolimus
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Drug: methotrexate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation With Fludarabine, Melphalan and Low Dose Total Body Irradiation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Lymphosarcoma B-cell Lymphoma Myeloid Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Multiple Myeloma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Follicular Lymphoma Myelofibrosis Polycythemia Vera Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Myelodysplastic Syndromes Hodgkin Lymphoma Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Burkitt Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Adult T-cell Leukemia/lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Mantle Cell Lymphoma Marginal Zone Lymphoma Granulocytopenia Aplastic Anemia Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Mycosis Fungoides Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Sezary Syndrome Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Plasmablastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Hairy Cell Leukemia Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia Pure Red Cell Aplasia
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • transplant related mortality (TRM) for patients undergoing RIT with co-morbidities or who are otherwise not eligible or unable to receive a myeloablative allogeneic HSCT [ Time Frame: In the first 100 days from day 0 of transplant ]
    An exact 95% confidence interval will be provided.

Enrollment: 89
Actual Study Start Date: February 28, 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 1, 2018
Primary Completion Date: May 28, 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (reduced intensity allogeneic PBSCT)
PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -2 and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2. Patients undergo low-dose TBI BID on day -1. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0. GvHD PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus IV or PO BID on days -1 to 100 with taper over 4-6 months, MMF PO or IV every 6-8 hours on days -1 to 60, and methotrexate IV over 15 to 30 minutes on days 1, 3, and 6.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Drug: melphalan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alkeran
  • CB-3025
  • L-PAM
  • L-phenylalanine mustard
  • L-Sarcolysin
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Name: TBI
Drug: tacrolimus
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Prograf
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF
Drug: methotrexate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • amethopterin
  • Folex
  • methylaminopterin
  • Mexate
  • MTX
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Undergo PBSCT
Other Names:
  • PBPC transplantation
  • PBSC transplantation
  • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
  • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the transplant related mortality (TRM) of this reduced-intensity transplantation (RIT) combination, fludarabine (fludarabine phosphate), melphalan, and TBI in a patient population usually not eligible for a full a myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).


I. To evaluate clinical response, progression free survival (PFS) at one year, engraftment rate, and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) incidence with the proposed RIT regimen across a variety of hematological conditions.

II. Correlative studies will include chimerism analysis by molecular analysis and evaluation of immune reconstitution by cytomegalovirus (CMV) dextramer analysis using flow cytometry.


Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -5 to -2 and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2. Patients undergo low-dose TBI twice daily (BID) on day -1.


Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0.


Patients receive tacrolimus IV or orally (PO) BID on days -1 to 100 with taper over 4-6 months, MMF PO or IV every 6-8 hours on days -1 to 60, and methotrexate IV over 15-30 minutes on days 1, 3, and 6. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.


Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of a histology documented hematologic malignancy or marrow disorder


  • Acquired bone marrow failure disorders include aplastic anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) * Primary allogeneic HSCT is appropriate for selected patients with severe aplastic anemia; however, patients with aplastic anemia must have failed at least one cycle of standard immunosuppressive therapy with calcineurin inhibitor plus anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) if a fully matched donor is available * Patients with PNH should not be eligible for a myeloablative HSCT
  • Hereditary bone marrow failure disorders include Diamond-Blackfan Anemia, Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome, Kostmann Syndrome, congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia; Fanconi Anemia or related chromosomal breakage syndrome, Dyskeratosis Congenital are excluded from this study die to their poor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair capacity * Fanconi anemia or related chromosomal breakage syndrome: positive chromosome breakage analysis using diepoxybutane (DEB) or mitomycin C if applicable * Dyskeratosis Congenita: diagnosis is supported by using either telomerase RNA component (TERC) gene mutation in autosomal dominant Dyskeratosis Congenita or X-linked DKC1 gene mutation
  • Other non-malignant hematologic or immunologic disorders that require transplantation * Quantitative or qualitative congenital platelet disorders (including but not limited to congenital amegakaryocytopenia, absent-radii syndrome, Glanzmann's thrombasthenia) * Quantitative or qualitative congenital neutrophil disorders (including but not limited to chronic granulomatous disease, congenital neutropenia) *Congenital primary immunodeficiency syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, CD40 ligand deficiency, T-cell deficiencies)


  • Subjects must be ineligible for or unable to receive a conventional myeloablative transplantation
  • Resistant or recurrent disease after at least one standard combination chemotherapy OR first remission patients at high risk of relapse * Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • antecedent myelodysplastic syndrome, secondary AML, high risk cytogenetic abnormalities or normal cytogenetics with high-risk molecular mutations (e.g., fms-like tyrosine kinase3-internal tandem duplication [Flt3-ITD] mutation) * Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • high or standard risk ALL


  • Chronic phase (intolerant or unresponsive to imatinib and/or other tyrosine kinase inhibitors), second chronic phase or accelerated phase who are ineligible for conventional myeloablative transplantation


  • Myelofibrosis (with/without splenectomy) with intermediate to high risk features
  • Advanced polycythemia vera nor responding to standard therapy
  • MDS with lower International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score of intermediate (Int)-2 or higher
  • MDS with lower IPSS score Int-1 or less with severe clinical features such as severe neutropenia or thrombocytopenia or high risk chromosome abnormalities such as monosomy 7
  • Secondary MDS with any IPSS scores
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia


  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (recurrent or persistent) fludarabine refractory or with less than 6 months duration or complete remission (CR) between courses of conventional therapy
  • Multiple myeloma (progressive disease after autologous stem cell transplant, tandem allogeneic transplant after prior autologous stem cell transplant)
  • Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (failed one standard regimen)
  • High grade NHL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
  • Not eligible for conventional myeloablative HSCT OR failed autologous HSCT
  • First remission lymphoblastic lymphoma, or small, non-cleaved cell lymphoma or mantle cell lymphoma


  • Received and failed front-line therapy
  • Failed or were not eligible for autologous transplantation DONOR: Permissible human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching: related donors
  • single antigen mismatch at HLA A, B, or DRB1; unrelated donors
  • a single antigen mismatch at HLA A, B, or C, +/- additional single allele level mismatch at A, B, V or DRB1
  • Minimum goal for peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) dose is 2 x 10^6 CD34+ cells/kg of recipient weight; minimum goal for the marrow dose is 1 x 10^8 nucleated cells/kg of recipient weight
  • No serious uncontrolled psychiatric illness
  • No concomitant active malignancy that would be expected to require chemotherapy within 3 years of transplant (other than non-melanoma skin cancer)
  • Non-pregnant and non-nursing woman; (women or men with reproductive potential should agree to use an effective means of birth control)
  • Patients who have failed a prior autologous or allogeneic transplant are eligible; however, at least 90 days must have elapsed between the start of this reduced intensity conditioning regimen and the last transplant if patient had a prior autologous or myeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy, radiation treatment and/or surgery
  • Informed consent

DONOR: Compatibility at the four most informative HLA loci:

A, B, C and DRB1 are important for reducing the risk of GVHD and successful transplant outcomes; the A, B, C and DRB1 loci comprise 8 possible alleles (a haplotype being inherited from each parent); one additional locus, HLA-DQ, is also typed to ascertain haplotypes and assist in the search for a compatible donor; however mismatching at DQ has not been shown to be associated with adverse outcomes; high resolution molecular typing (at the allele level) is now the standard of care for unrelated donor searches and allows greater refinement of the search strategy

DONOR: Matched related donor:

a single antigen mismatch at A, B, or the DR transplant from a family member is associated with a higher risk of GVHD but similar overall survival when compared to full identity at these 3 regions; related donor/recipient pairs must be matched at 5 of 6 HLA antigens (A, B, DRB1)

DONOR: Unrelated Donor:

When evaluating patients for unrelated donor transplant, the higher degree of matching, the lower risk of GvHD; the A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci, comprising 10 possible antigen (with alleles), will be typed for all unrelated transplants; given the higher risk of TRM in mismatched transplants, RIT is often the best way to mitigate the risk; data from the National Marrow Donor Program makes it possible to estimate the risk of donor-recipient HLA mismatch at the allele or antigen level; the higher risk from HLA-mismatching must be balanced against the clinical urgency and the patient's risk by the transplant team; at this time, antigen level mismatches at DQB1 do not affect outcomes and will not be used for matching purposes for donor selection; thus, the matching required will be at the HLA A, B, C and DRB1 (8 loci); for this protocol, a single antigen mismatch at the HLA A, B, C, with or without additional single allele level mismatch may participate in this protocol for voluntary unrelated donors (blood or marrow) DONOR: Donor must be healthy and have non-reactive test results for all infectious disease assays as required by state and federal regulations; donors who screen seropositive for hepatitis an/or syphilis must be cleared by infectious disease consultation DONOR: Donor must have no uncontrolled cardiopulmonary, renal, endocrine, hepatic or psychiatric disease to render donation unsafe DONOR: The donor (or parent in minor) must give informed consent for peripheral blood stem cell collection or bone marrow collection DONOR: Syngeneic donors are not eligible DONOR: Donors who have poor peripheral venous access, may require central venous line placement for stem cell apheresis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) disease (for hematologic malignancies)
  • Karnofsky (adult) or Lansky (for =< 16 years) performance status < 50%
  • Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 40% predicted, corrected for hemoglobin and/or alveolar ventilation
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% - Bilirubin >= 3 X upper limit of normal
  • Liver alkaline phosphatase >= 3 x upper limit of normal
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) >= 3 x upper limit of normal
  • Child's class B and C liver failure
  • Calculated creatinine clearance < 40 cc/min by the modified Cockroft-Gault formula for adults or the Schwartz formula for pediatrics
  • Patients who have received maximally allowed doses (given in 2 Gy fractionations, or equivalent) of previous radiation therapy to various organs as follows: * Mediastinum: adult -40, pediatric (=<18 yrs) - 21 * Heart: adult 36, pediatric - 26 * Whole lung(s): adult - 12, pediatric - 10 * Small bowel: adult - 46, pediatric - 40 * Kidneys: adult - 12, pediatric - 10 * Whole liver: adult - 20, pediatric - 20 * Spinal cord: adult - 36, pediatric - 36 * Whole Brain: adult 30, pediatric - 30
  • Patients who previously have received a higher than allowed dose of radiation to a small lung, liver, and brain volume, will be evaluated by the radiation oncologist to determine if the patient is eligible for study
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, active serious infection or other condition which, in the opinion of treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Patients who in the opinion of the treating physician are unlikely to comply with the restrictions of allogeneic stem cell transplantation based on formal psychosocial screening
  • Female of childbearing potential with a positive pregnancy test
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01529827

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Principal Investigator: George Chen Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT01529827     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: I 177110
NCI-2011-03563 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: February 6, 2012
Last Updated: March 28, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasm Metastasis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Mycosis Fungoides
Primary Myelofibrosis
Thrombocytopenia processed this record on April 21, 2017