Phase 3 Study on Autologous Osteoblastic Cells Implantation to Early Stage Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2016 by Bone Therapeutics S.A
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bone Therapeutics S.A
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01529008
First received: February 2, 2012
Last updated: May 23, 2016
Last verified: May 2016
  Purpose

Non-traumatic osteonecrosis is a painful disorder of the hip characterized by a necrosis of the osteomedullary tissue, which leads to subchondral bone collapse and joint destruction. Core decompression is currently the treatment of choice for early stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head. This method consists in decompressing the rigid intra-osseous chamber to promote revascularization, thus halting progression of the disease and stimulating repair. Still this treatment remains highly controversial, since the success rates of the first studies have not been repeated.

The exact pathology mechanisms involved in osteonecrosis have not yet be fully elucidated. Several hypotheses have been evoked, including fat embolism, trabecular bone microfractures, microvascular tamponade and, more recently, impaired bone and/or mesenchymal cells recruitment.

Three studies have indicated the potential clinical benefits of cell-based approaches for the treatment of osteonecrosis (Hernigou 1997, Hernigou & Beaujean 2002, Gangji et al. 2004). This is on the basis of these observations that a proprietary population of autologous osteoblastic cells (PREOB®) has been developed.

This Phase 3 study aims at demonstrating the efficacy and safety of PREOB® in the treatment of early stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head. More specifically, the purpose of the study is to demonstrate that core decompression/PREOB® implantation into the necrotic lesion is superior to core decompression/placebo implantation in relieving hip symptoms and halting (or reverting) radiological progression of the disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head
Drug: Core decompression/PREOB® implantation
Drug: Core decompression/placebo implantation
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 3, Pivotal, Multicentre, Randomised, Double-blind Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Autologous Osteoblastic Cells (PREOB®) Implantation in Early Stage Non Traumatic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bone Therapeutics S.A:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in WOMAC VA3.1 pain subscale score [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of patients progressing to fractural stages (ARCO stage III or higher), as assessed by conventional X-ray [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in WOMAC VA3.1 total score and composite pain, stiffness, and function [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of patients progressing to fractural stages (ARCO stage III or higher), as assessed by conventional X-ray [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Conventional X-ray [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to hip fracture [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to hip arthroplasty [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of patients requiring hip arthroplasty [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 130
Study Start Date: November 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Core decompression/PREOB® implantation Drug: Core decompression/PREOB® implantation
All patients will undergo a core decompression under general anesthesia combined with the implantation of PREOB® into the necrotic lesion (single administration).
Placebo Comparator: Core decompression/placebo implantation Drug: Core decompression/placebo implantation
All patients will undergo a core decompression under general anesthesia combined with the implantation of placebo into the necrotic lesion (single administration).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men or women between 18 and 70 years (inclusive) with a diagnosis of ARCO Stage I or II non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head, confirmed by central imaging analysis based on X-ray and MRI.
  • Ability to provide a written, dated, and signed informed consent prior to any study related procedure and to understand and comply with study requirements
  • Diagnosis of Osteonecrosis:

    1. ARCO stage I associated with WOMAC® VA3.1 pain score ≥20 mm and necrotic angle sum ≥190° based on sagittal and coronal MRI views or
    2. ARCO stage II associated with WOMAC® VA3.1 pain score ≥20 mm if necrotic angle sum <190° based on sagittal and coronal MRI views or
    3. ARCO stage II associated or not with pain if necrotic angle sum is ≥190° based on sagittal and coronal MRI views
    4. Associated with corticosteroid and/or with alcohol abuse and/or idiopathic
  • Normal haematology function, defined as leukocytes ≥3000/mm3, absolute neutrophils count ≥1500/mm3, platelets ≥140,000/mm3, and haemoglobin concentration ≥10g/dl (peripheral blood test)

Exclusion Criteria:

Current symptoms and/or signs related to the disease under study

  • Exclusively diaphyseal or metaphyseal osteonecrotic lesion
  • Traumatic or hyperbaric osteonecrosis, or osteonecrosis associated with hemoglobinopathy or coagulopathy (e.g., thalassemia, sickle cell disease,…), or Gaucher's disease
  • Osteoarthritis at the target hip defined as Kellgrens stage ≥2, as assessed by the Central Radiologist
  • Patients suffering from any medical conditions interfering with patient's pain evaluation of the hip under evaluation, such as knee arthritis.
  • Bone fracture or bone infection at hip under evaluation.
  • Patients who are candidates for any predictable joint replacement on the hip that is evaluated Current or previous diagnoses, signs and/or symptoms
  • Active hepatitis B (defined as positive HBs Ag and/or positive PCR), or active hepatitis C (defined as positive PCR), positive serology for HIV, or Syphilis, or HTLV-1
  • Presence, or previous history, of risks factors for diseases caused by prions, and recipients of grafts of cornea, sclera, and dura mater
  • History of blood loss exceeding 450 ml (incl. donations) within 1 month of screening
  • Renal impairment defined by an estimated creatinine clearance value < 30 ml per min, calculated with the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Hepatic impairment, defined as alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase ≥ 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, defined as HbA1C > 9%
  • Global sepsis
  • Allergy to gentamicin or porcine collagen or any substance or device the patient might be exposed to in the context of the study related interventions (i.e., bone marrow harvesting and implantation), as judged by the Investigator
  • History of hypersensitivity to human biological material, including blood and blood derived products, documented clinically or by laboratory tests
  • Current or past history of solid or haematological neoplasia (except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin and for carcinoma in situ of the cervix that has been treated with no evidence of recurrence)
  • History of bone marrow transplantation
  • Patients with a life expectancy less than 2 years, as judged by the Investigator Current or previous treatment
  • Patients having participated in another clinical trial within 3 months of screening
  • Patients previously treated with PREOB®
  • Patients treated by core decompression of the hip under evaluation within 6 months of screening
  • Treatment with doses of prednisolone ≥15 mg per day (or equivalent) within 1 month from screening, and patients with anticipated needs of daily corticoid doses ≥15 mg prednisone (or equivalent) in the 6 -month period following PREOB/Placebo implantation
  • Illicit drug or alcohol abuse interfering with patient's ability to understand and comply with study requirements, as judged by the Investigator

Safety aspects concerning female patients of childbearing potential

  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding
  • Women with childbearing potential not willing or able to use reliable contraceptive method for at least 6 weeks prior to screening and during the whole study period. Reliable contraceptive methods include orally administered hormonal contraceptives, surgical intervention (e.g., tubal ligation), and intrauterine device (IUD).

Other exclusion criteria:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2
  • Patients unable to undergo MRI, e.g. patients with pace-maker, intra-ocular or intra-cerebral metallic foreign bodies, and mechanical artificial heart valves
  • Patients unable to undergo general anaesthesia or surgical intervention
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01529008

Contacts
Contact: Enrico Bastianelli, MD, MBA preob.on3@bonetherapeutics.com
Contact: Guy Heynen, MD guy.heynen@bonetherapeutics.com

  Show 43 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bone Therapeutics S.A
  More Information

Responsible Party: Bone Therapeutics S.A
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01529008     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PREOB-ON3 
Study First Received: February 2, 2012
Last Updated: May 23, 2016
Health Authority: Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
France: Agence Nationale de Sécurité du Médicament et des produits de santé
Netherlands: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport
Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Bone Therapeutics S.A:
Osteonecrosis
Femoral Head
Hip
Orthopedics
Bone
Musculoskeletal Disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteonecrosis
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Necrosis
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 23, 2016