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Videoscopic Versus Open Inguinal Lymphadenectomy for Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01526486
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Keith A Delman, MD, Emory University

Brief Summary:

Patients with melanoma, some other rare skin cancers, and some cancers of the penis and scrotum can have their cancer spread to the lymph nodes in the upper part of the leg, called the groin. Medically, this area is called the inguinal area. At present, for melanomas and skin cancers this type of spread is usually found with a special test called a "sentinel lymph node biopsy". This procedure can find spread of even a few cells in a single lymph node—allowing the treating doctor to find the spread very early.

Treatment for patients with skin cancer in the lymph nodes in this area is to remove all of the lymph nodes in this area. In patients with cancers of the penis and scrotum who do hot have any evidence of cancer having spread either by physical examination or by radiology tests, the lymph nodes in this area are removed to check and see if there is cancer in them. This is called staging.

At present, the standard way to remove all of the lymph nodes in the groin is by a large incision, approximately 8-10 inches in length. For patients who have this operation, there is a very high incidence of infection after surgery: as many as 50% as patients can have a problem after surgery. These infections range from a low grade skin infection needing oral antibiotics to deep infections requiring the wound to be opened and occasionally needing readmission to the hospital and antibiotics given via the vein.

With the advent of new technology and new equipment, the ability to perform this procedure through small incisions away from the groin and further down the leg has become possible. This procedure has never been performed routinely nor compared side by side to the standard open approach. The investigators propose to perform this protocol in two phases.

The investigators have performed procedures in 20 groins to this point and have confirmed the number of lymph nodes and visually verified that the procedure is identical to the open procedure. The investigators performed these procedures in order to insure that the investigators were offering an equivalent option regardless of which procedure the patient is randomized to.

The study will involve the randomization of patients undergoing the procedure. The investigators will randomize the next 110 patients in a 2:1 fashion (two people will get the videoscopic procedure for every one who gets the open procedure) until 73 patients are included in the video arm and 37 in the open arm. Outcomes including recurrence rate, duration of drain requirements, and incidence of lymphedema will be followed. Patients will be followed using standard of care processes, including regular office visits, physical exams, and radiographic imaging, when indicated. Patients will be followed for 5 years.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Merkel Cell Carcinoma Squamous Cell Carcinoma Penile Carcinoma Urethral Carcinoma Extramammary Paget's Disease Scrotal Carcinoma Anal Cancer Vulvar Cancer Skin Cancer Lymphadenopathy Procedure: Videoscopic procedure Procedure: Open, traditional approach Not Applicable

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Videoscopic Versus Open Inguinal Lymphadenectomy for Sentinel Node Positive Cutaneous Malignancies and Genitourinary Staging Procedures
Study Start Date : June 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Videoscopic (Minimally invasive)
Patients in this arm will have the procedure done through the three port minimally invasive approach.
Procedure: Videoscopic procedure
Minimally invasive, three port approach, (using a laparoscope to perform a procedure previously performed through open surgery).

Active Comparator: Open (traditional approach)
Patients in this arm will have the traditional, open approach in conjunction with a sartorius muscle transposition.
Procedure: Open, traditional approach
Open surgical procedure, with sartorius muscle transfer.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complication profile [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    The primary objective is to assess wound infection, wound dehiscence and other wound complications.

  2. Length of stay [ Time Frame: 1- 7 days ]
    Hospital length of stay.

  3. Lymphedema [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Assessment of lymphedema will be determined in all patients to identify if there is a difference in all patients undergoing either videoscopic or open inguinal lymphadenectomy.

  4. Nodal yield [ Time Frame: 5-7 days post procedure ]
    This will characterize, as a surrogate of completeness of surgery, the number of nodes retrieved at the surgical procedure via either approach.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Readmission [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    To assess differences in readmission rates between the two groups.

  2. Oncologic outcomes--survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Recurrence free and overall survival will be measured in patients undergoing the procedure to determine if the procedure impacts survival at all.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be considered for this study if they are between age 18 and 80
  • Patients have either metastatic melanoma or merkel cell carcinoma diagnosed by sentinel lymph node biopsy or are candidates for a staging procedure for either a penile or scrotal carcinoma

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with unresectable metastatic disease
  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating
  • Patients with prohibitive cardiac or pulmonary comorbidities
  • Patients with other contraindications for general anesthesia as determined by the anesthesia preoperative evaluation will not be considered enrolled in the trial although they may undergo randomization prior to exclusion from surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01526486

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United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital-Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
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Principal Investigator: Keith Delman, MD Emory University

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Keith A Delman, MD, Associate Professor of Surgery, Emory University Identifier: NCT01526486     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00012329
WCI1585-08 ( Other Identifier: Winship Cancer Institute )
First Posted: February 6, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015
Keywords provided by Keith A Delman, MD, Emory University:
lymph nodes
groin dissection
skin cancer
penile cancer
urethral cancer
scrotal cancer
Paget's disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
Skin Neoplasms
Anus Neoplasms
Vulvar Neoplasms
Paget Disease, Extramammary
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Rectal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Anus Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms