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Trial Comparing Adjuvant Chemotherapy With Gemcitabine Versus mFolfirinox to Treat Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01526135
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNICANCER

Brief Summary:
This is a multicentric randomized phase III trial comparing adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine versus 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan and oxaliplatin (mFolfirinox) in patients with resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma (Ductal Adenocarcinoma) Drug: Arm B : mFolfirinox Phase 3

Detailed Description:

STUDY DESIGN/ Evaluation criteria Main criterion: efficacy The main criterion is the disease-free survival at 3 years. Disease-free survival is the time delay between the date of randomization and the date at which the 1st cancer-related event such as local relapse, distant metastasis, a second cancer or death from any cause is observed. Patients without event at the time of anlaysis will be censored at the date of last follow-up visit.

Locoregional relapse is a disease relapse occurring at the site of primary resection, in the pancreas or in the associated regional lymph nodes.

Metastatic relapse is the distant disease recurrence involving any possible sites of relapse (peritoneal, hepatic, pulmonary, and distant lymph nodes).

Secondary criteria Overall and specific survival Overall survival is the time delay between the date of randomization and the patient's death, irrespective of its cause. Patients who are still living at the time of analysis will be censored at the date of last follow-up visit.

Specific survival is the time delay between the date of randomization and the patient's death due to the treated cancer or a treatment-related complication.

Metastasis-free survival Metastasis-free survival is the time delay between the date of randomization and the date of the 1st distant event occurrence (peritoneal, hepatic, pulmonary, and lymph nodes). Loco-regional events will be discarded and patients still living without metastasis at the time of analysis will be censored at the date of last follow-up examination objectively assessing this type of event.

Tolerance Patients evaluable for toxicity must have received at least one course or injection of the treatment.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 490 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicentric Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Adjuvant Chemotherapy With Gemcitabine Versus 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin (mFolfirinox) in Patients With Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: arm A GEMCITABINE
Arm A : Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m² IV infusion over 30 minutes, weekly, during 3 weeks + 1 week of rest (= 1 cycle) repeated 6 times (i.e., 6 cycles) during 24 weeks
Experimental: arm B mFolfirinox

Arm B : mFolfirinox every 14 days, 12 cycles, 24 weeks.

mFolfirinox : Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin®) 85 mg/m² D1 over 2 hours, followed by Irinotecan (Campto®) 150 mg/m² D1 over 90 minutes to begin 30 min. after the Folinic acid infusion is started.

Folinic acid 400 mg/m² (racemic mixture) (or 200 mg/m² if L-folinic acid is used), IV infusion over 2 hours.

5-FU 2.4 g/m² IV continuous infusion over 46 hours (1200 mg/m²/ day)

Drug: Arm B : mFolfirinox

Arm B : mFolfirinox every 14 days, 12 cycles, 24 weeks.

mFolfirinox : Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin®) 85 mg/m² D1 over 2 hours, followed by Irinotecan (Campto®) 150 mg/m² D1 over 90 minutes to begin 30 min. after the Folinic acid infusion is started.

Folinic acid 400 mg/m² (racemic mixture) (or 200 mg/m² if L-folinic acid is used), IV infusion over 2 hours.

5-FU 2.4 g/m² IV continuous infusion over 46 hours (1200 mg/m²/ day)





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: 3 YEARS ]
    to compare disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years between the experimental and control arms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 36 MONTHS ]
  2. Specific survival [ Time Frame: 36 MONTHS ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically proven pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Intraductal papillary mucinous tumor of the pancreas (IPMT) with invasive components are eligible.
  2. Macroscopically complete resection (R0 or R1 resection).
  3. Patients aged from 18 to 79 years.
  4. WHO performance status 0-1.
  5. No prior radiotherapy and no previous chemotherapy.
  6. Full recovery from surgery and patient able to receive chemotherapy: adequate oral nutrition of ≥ 1500 calories per day and free of significant nausea and vomiting
  7. Adequate hematologic function (Absolute neutrophil count ANC ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3, platelets ≥ 100 000 cells/mm3 and hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/L - possibly after transfusion -).
  8. Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal.
  9. Creatinine level <130 micromol/L (14.7 mg / L).
  10. Patient of child-bearing potential (for female patient: study entry after a menstrual period and a negative pregnancy test) must agree to use two medically acceptable methods of contraception (one for the patient and one for the partner) during the study and for 4 months after the last study treatment intake for women and 6 months for men.
  11. Interval since surgery between 21 and 84 days
  12. Patient information and signed informed consent.
  13. Public or private health insurance coverage

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Other types of non-ductal tumor of the pancreas, including endocrine tumors or acinar cell adenocarcinoma, cystadenocarcinoma and malignant ampulloma.
  2. Metastases (including ascites or malignant pleural effusion).
  3. Macroscopic incomplete tumor removal (R2 resection).
  4. CA 19-9> 180 U / ml within 21 days of registration on study.
  5. No heart failure or coronary heart disease symptoms
  6. No major comorbidity that may preclude the delivery of treatment or active infection (HIV or chronic hepatitis B or C) or uncontrolled diabetes.
  7. Pre-existing neuropathy, Gilbert's disease or genotype UGT1A1 * 28 / * 28.
  8. Inflammatory disease of the colon or rectum, or occlusion or sub-occlusion of the intestine or severe postoperative uncontrolled diarrhea
  9. Concomitant occurrence of another cancer, or history of cancer except in situ carcinoma of the cervix treated or basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma.
  10. Fructose intolerance.
  11. Persons deprived of liberty or under guardianship.
  12. Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01526135


  Show 52 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNICANCER
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thierry CONROY, PROF Centre Alexis Vautrin-VANDOEUVRE LES NANCY

Responsible Party: UNICANCER
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01526135     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Prodige 24 / Accord 24
NCIC CTG PA.6 ( Other Identifier: NCIC )
2011-002026-52 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 3, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Keywords provided by UNICANCER:
National multicentric phase III superiority trial

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Irinotecan
Oxaliplatin
Leucovorin
Levoleucovorin
Folic Acid
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances