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First-Line Gemcitabine, Cisplatin + Ipilimumab for Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01524991
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 2, 2012
Results First Posted : November 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2022
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoosier Cancer Research Network

Brief Summary:
Gemcitabine plus cisplatin is standard treatment for advanced urothelial cancer. Ipilimumab has shown intriguing activity as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with clinically localized bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy. The combination of gemcitabine, cisplatin, plus ipilimumab may build on the chemosensitivity of urothelial carcinoma to produce more durable responses and improved outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Urothelial Carcinoma Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OUTLINE: This is a multi-center study

Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 Days 1 & 8 Cisplatin 70 mg/m2 Day 1 Ipilimumab 10 mg/kg Day 1 (start cycle 3)

Treatment during the induction phase will be administered in six 21-day cycles. During cycles 1 and 2, gemcitabine plus cisplatin will be administered WITHOUT ipilimumab. During cycles 3-6, combination therapy with gemcitabine, cisplatin, plus ipilimumab will be administered. Patients without evidence of disease progression (by irRC) after completion cycle 6 will continue single-agent ipilimumab maintenance every 3 months.

Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥ 80% within 14 days prior to registration for protocol therapy.

Life Expectancy: Not Specified


  • White blood cell count (WBC) ≥ 3.5K/mm3
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelets ≥ 100K/mm3
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5k/mm3


  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert's Syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, SGOT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN. NOTE: If the patient has liver metastases present, then ≤ 5 x ULN


  • Calculated creatinine clearance of ≥ 55 cc/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula

Cardiovascular: Not Specified

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, Plus Ipilimumab as First-line Treatment for Patients With Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: Hoosier Cancer Research Network GU10-148
Actual Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 15, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment
Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 Days 1 & 8 Cisplatin 70 mg/m2 Day 1 Ipilimumab 10 mg/kg Day 1 (start cycle 3)
Drug: Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 Days 1 & 8 (all cycles)

Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin 70 mg/m2 Day 1 (all cycles)

Drug: Ipilimumab
Ipilimumab 10 mg/kg Day 1 (start cycle 3)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    To determine the median overall survival of patients with advanced/metastatic urothelial cancer treated with gemcitabine, cisplatin, plus ipilimumab, calculated from the date of registration until the date of final analysis, projected to be 48 months from the start of the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

    To determine the progression-free survival (using irRC and RECIST v1.0) of patients with advanced/metastatic urothelial carcinoma treated with gemcitabine, cisplatin, and ipilimumab.

    Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions". Progression is definied by IrRC as "at least 25% increase in tumor burden compared with nadir (at any single time point) in two consecutive observations at least 4 wk apart."

  2. Best Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the best overall response rate to treatment with gemcitabine, cisplatin, plus ipilimumab, per RECIST 1.1 criteria.

  3. Number of Adverse Events Experienced by Patients [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the safety of treatment with gemcitabine, cisplatin, plus ipilimumab. The highest grade adverse event for each subject is presented.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological or cytological proof of urothelial carcinoma of the urethra, bladder, ureters, or renal pelvis.
  • Advanced (clinical stage T4b, unresectable) or metastatic disease.
  • Prior radiation therapy is allowed to < 25% of the bone marrow.
  • Age > 18 years at the time of consent.
  • Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information.
  • Females must not be pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours before the start of ipilimumab.
  • Men of fathering potential must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid conception throughout the study [and for up to 26 weeks after the last dose of investigational product] in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized.
  • Prior Autoimmune disease: Patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's Disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [eg, Wegener's Granulomatosis]); motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Myasthenia Gravis). Patients with other immune disorders should not be enrolled without discussion with the principal investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No active CNS metastases. Subjects with neurological symptoms must undergo a head CT scan or brain MRI to exclude brain metastasis.
  • No prior malignancy is allowed except for cancers that have been definitively treated with a risk of recurrence of < 30% based on the treating oncologists assessment.
  • Patients may not have received prior systemic chemotherapy for metastatic/advanced urothelial carcinoma. Prior neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy is permitted if completed ≥ 12 months prior to registration for protocol therapy. Prior intravesical therapy is permitted.
  • No treatment with any investigational agent within 30 days prior to registration for protocol therapy.
  • No underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the investigator will make the administration of ipilimumab hazardous or obscure the interpretation of AEs, such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea.
  • No non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up to 1 month before or after any dose of ipilimumab).
  • No history of prior treatment with ipilimumab or prior CD137 agonist or CTLA 4 inhibitor or agonist.
  • No known active or chronic infection with HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C.
  • No clinically significant infections as judged by the treating investigator.
  • No chronic systemic corticosteroids (defined as the equivalent of prednisone ≥ 20 mg PO daily for > 6 months during the past year)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01524991

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United States, California
City of Hope: Duarte
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
United States, Indiana
IU Health Goshen Hospital
Goshen, Indiana, United States, 46527
Indiana University Melvin & Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
IU Health Central Indiana Cancer Centers
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46219
United States, Nebraska
Nebraska Cancer Specialists
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68114
United States, New York
Tisch Cancer Institute at Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, Texas
Texas Oncology, PA
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75246
United States, Virginia
Virginia Oncology Associates
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23502
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoosier Cancer Research Network
Bristol-Myers Squibb
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Study Chair: Matthew Galsky, M.D. Hoosier Cancer Research Network
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Hoosier Cancer Research Network:
Additional Information:
Galsky MD, Hahn NM, Albany C, Fleming MT, Starodub A, Twardowski P, Hauke RJ, Sonpavde G, Merad M, Gnjatic S, Bhardwaj N, Chippada-Venkata U, Oh WK, Kim-Schulze S. Impact of gemcitabine + cisplatin + ipilimumab on circulating immune cells in patients (pts) with metastatic urothelial cancer (mUC). J Clin Oncol 33:5s, 2015 (suppl; abstr 4586)

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Hoosier Cancer Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01524991    
Other Study ID Numbers: GU10-148
First Posted: February 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 29, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors