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HIV Accelerated Liver Disease in Uganda

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ) Identifier:
First received: February 1, 2012
Last updated: June 30, 2017
Last verified: March 28, 2017


- Liver disease is a leading cause of death in people who have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It especially affects those who have both HIV and hepatitis B or C viruses. Most research on HIV-related liver disease has been conducted in North America and Europe. However, HIV-related liver disease in Uganda and other African nations may involve other diseases that are not common in the West, and may not involve hepatitis B or C. Researchers want to study HIV-related liver disease in Uganda to learn more about the differences between Western and African trends of this disease.


- To study HIV-related liver disease in rural Uganda.


  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who were tested for possible liver disease. Some participants will have HIV infection; others will be uninfected.
  • All participants will be from rural areas of Uganda.


  • Participants will have at least two study visits.
  • Participants will have a physical exam and medical history. They will complete a questionnaire about health and quality of life. Blood, urine, and stool samples will be collected. Participants will also have a liver scan to check for liver scarring, and an ultrasound to take images of the liver.
  • Participants who may have liver disease will visit a local hospital for more tests. A liver biopsy will be performed to collect liver tissue samples.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: HIV-Accelerated Liver Disease in Uganda

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):

Estimated Enrollment: 1000
Study Start Date: December 20, 2011
Detailed Description:
With improved survival following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), liver disease has become a leading cause of death among HIV-infected persons in Western cohorts, primarily affecting those co-infected with hepatitis B or C viruses (HBV, HCV). However, data are sparse on liver disease in HIV-infected populations from Uganda and other African nations, where the etiologies of liver disease are broader and include aflatoxin, schistosomiasis and other infectious and environmental agents. Our previous noninvasive study in rural, Rakai, Uganda indicates that the prevalence of significant liver fibrosis is high among HIV-infected individuals (17%) and is 50% higher than in HIV-uninfected persons, although the prevalence of viral hepatitis B co-infection is low (5%). The study presented here is a biopsy-based study that follows up on these results with the objectives of defining the etiology of liver disease and describing the mechanisms of HIV-accelerated liver fibrosis in this setting.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

    1. Adults aged 18 and older
    2. Persons who are able and willing to provide informed consent
    3. Persons who have a transient elastography score >=9.0 kPa or have other evidence of liver disease, and who are willing to undergo an ultrasound and liver biopsy

      i) Other evidence of liver disease: Persons with an LSM <9.0 kPa who demonstrate liver transaminases at least 2-times greater than the upper limit of normal; those with persistently abnormal liver

      transaminases over a period of three months during the year preceding enrollment; those who show abnormalities on their ultrasound; those with other laboratory tests indicating the possibility of liver disease; and/or those who have a clinical or medical indication for a liver biopsy.

    4. Persons who are willing to have tissue samples undergo genetic testing
    5. Persons who agree to have samples stored for the purpose of future research


  1. Women who are pregnant
  2. Persons with a cardiac device (i.e., pacemaker)
  3. Participants who are not able to follow study instructions
  4. Safety laboratory data indicating possible excess risk of bleeding including platelets <75,000 and an INR>=1.5. These safety laboratory values will be ascertained by obtaining a Complete Blood Count (CBC) and a Prothrombin Time (PT).
  5. Evidence of decompensated liver disease including ascites, or hepatic encephalopathy
  6. Persons who have any condition deemed, by the investigators, to be a contraindication to study participation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01524562

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), 9000 Rockville Pi
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Steven J Reynolds, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT01524562     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999912037
Study First Received: February 1, 2012
Last Updated: June 30, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Liver Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Digestive System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017