Risk of Pulmonary and Venous Thromboembolism in Pregnancies After in Vitro Fertilization
Occurrence of venous thromboembolism during in Vitro Fertilization (IVF) pregnancies has been reported in numerous case reports and in two small consecutive series. The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after IVF has been claimed to be comparable to the incidence of VTE during normal pregnancy. No information exists concerning pulmonary embolism (PE).
The aim is to estimate and compare the risk of both PE and VTE during the the different phases of pregnancy after IVF to that in age and period matched control women. The investigators will use the Swedish National Health Registers to estimate the risk.
|Pulmonary Embolism Venous Thromboembolism|
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional|
|Official Title:||Estimation of the Risk of Pulmonary Embolism and Venous Thromboembolism in Pregnancy After in Vitro Fertilization.|
|Study Start Date:||January 1990|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Background: Occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during IVF pregnancies has been reported in numerous case reports and in two small consecutive series. The incidence of VTE after IVF has been claimed to be comparable to the incidence of VTE during normal pregnancy. No information exists concerning pulmonary embolism (PE).
Aim: The aim is to estimate and compare the risk of both PE and VTE during the trimesters of pregnancy after IVF to that in age and period matched control women.
Design and methods: A cross-sectional study using linkage of Swedish population and health registers. The Swedish National Patient Register encompasses inpatients and outpatients. Inpatient data in Sweden is available nationwide since 1987. Outpatient diagnoses from hospitals started to be collected in 1997. Data in the Patient Register will be linked to the Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) at the National Board of Health and Welfare through the unique personal identity number assigned to all Swedish residents, Exposed women: Mothers who had given birth to a child as a result of IVF will be retrieved from the Swedish IVF Register at the National Board of Health and Welfare. The Swedish IVF Register is now a part of the Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) at the National Board of Health and Welfare and includes information on IVF pregnancies since 1982.
We will restrict the retrieval to mothers of a child born as from 1990 until 2008 and who had their first child born after assisted reproduction by IVF.
Unexposed women: Each IVF woman will be matched with 5 unexposed women from the MBR by calendar year of delivery and maternal age.
Information will be retrieved on country of birth, pre-pregnancy body mass index, family situation, cigarette smoking habits, number of older siblings, singleton/multiple births, and estimated length of gestation from the MBR register. Dates of the trimesters is calculated from the length of gestation. Women´s education is found in the Register of Education, Statistics Sweden, by linkage through the personal identity number.
Diagnoses of VTE including PE will be found by linkage to the Swedish Patient Register of the National Board of Health and Welfare. This register comprises date of admission and discharge, and main diagnosis with up to seven contributing diagnoses. Diagnoses are recorded according to the International Classification of Diagnoses (ICD), ninth version prior to 1996 and the tenth version from 1997. Codes used were 415B, 451B, 452, 453C-D, 453W, 453X, 673C, 671D-E, 671F in ICD9 and I260, I269, I801- 3, I808-9, I822-3, I828-9, O223, O225, O871, O873, O879, O882 in ICD10.
The study is approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (Dnr 2010/267-31/4).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01524393
|Study Chair:||Anders Ekbom, Professor||Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Henriksson, Professor||Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden|
|Study Chair:||Outi Hovatta, Professor||Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden|