Radiofrequency Ablation for the Treatment of Gastric Dysplasia
|Gastric Dysplasia Neoplasia||Device: Radiofrequency ablation of dysplastic mucosa (HALO)||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Ablation of Gastric Dysplastic Mucosa by a Novel Endoscopic Radiofrequency Device.|
- The % of patients with complete histological clearance of dysplasia. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
- Histological clearance of intestinal metaplasia [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
- Adverse event incidence [ Time Frame: 60 days ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: gastric RFA
Ablation of gastric dysplastic mucosa
Device: Radiofrequency ablation of dysplastic mucosa (HALO)
Gastric ablation is performed using the HALO Ablation System (BÂRRX Medical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA). A HALO90 ablation catheter, which is mounted on the tip of an endoscope, is used. Radiofrequency energy is delivered at 40 W/cm2 and 15 J/cm2 via a 13 x 20 mm electrode. All patients will have two RFA sessions 8 weeks apart with the same area being ablated in consecutive endoscopies. The precise area to ablated in the second RFA session is determined by referring to careful measurements that utilized gastric landmarks (a typical notation may specify that the lesion extends from 2 to 5 cm proximal of the pylorus in the 5 o'clock position and is 4 cm wide) as well as to digital image recordings that are taken during the first RFA.
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. The 10-year survival of patients with this malignancy is 20% due to advanced disease at the time of diagnosis. Screening programs in countries with a high incidence of gastric neoplasia aim to detect early stage cancer, suitable for curative treatment. Well-differentiated dysplastic gastric lesions limited to the mucosa (when non-ulcerated or ulcerated and less than 3 cm) or limited to the superficial submucosa (when less than 3 cm and with no lymphatic or vascular invasion) have a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis and are suitable for endoscopic curative treatment.
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) have been increasingly used in this setting with promising results. However, even with these advanced techniques, en bloc and R0 resection is not possible in up to 13-15% and 16-26% of the cases, respectively. The presence of dysplasia after endoscopic resection (DAER) in the post-resection scar presents a challenging dilemma due to the technical difficulty, and associated complications, of performing subsequent EMR/ESD in fibrotic tissue. Another issue of concern is the presence of gastric dysplasia not associated with macroscopic lesions (DNAML). In such cases, a targeted endoscopic treatment is difficult and clinical management is not standardized.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been increasingly advocated for the treatment of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) and early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but its use in gastric dysplasia has not yet been tested. The investigators aim to study the role of gastric RFA in the treatment of DNAML and DAER.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01523912
|Gastroenterology Department, Hospital de Sao Joao|
|Principal Investigator:||Francisco Baldaque-Silva, MD||Hospital Sao Joao|