An Electronic Decision Support Tool to Improve Outpatient Asthma Care

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01522144
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 31, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2012
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
lbell, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

Brief Summary:
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's ambulatory network uses an electronic health record (EHR) to document clinical information. Using the EHR, a clinical decision support tool will be designed to help the primary care physician's in caring for children with asthma. The goal will be to improve the primary care physician's use of the national Institutes of Health guidelines for the best care for asthma. To study this EHR decision support tool, it will be introduced into 5 practices while 5 other practices will have the existing asthma care information. It will be determined whether the physicians in the practices with the decision support tool are better at following the asthma guidelines. If the decision support tool works...then it will be offered to others to use with their EHR systems.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Behavioral: Computerized Decision support Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines (NAEPP) exist, but are under used in Primary Care. In addition, implementation of the guidelines has been shown to be vary according to the location of practice and other contextual factors.

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Pediatric Research Consortium (PeRC), a practice-based research network will determine whether an innovative clinical decision support system embedded in an existing electronic health record (EHR) will improve provider adherence to the existing NAEPP guidelines.

After receiving a standardized education module based on NAEPP guidelines, 10 primary care pediatric practices (both urban and suburban) will be randomized to receive either a passive EHR (control sites) or an interactive decision support sytem (intervention sites).

The primary outcome of interest will be the proportion of patient son appropriate asthma controller medication compared over time. Secondary outcomes include the proportion of asthma patients with: 1) an updated asthma action plan 2) documentation of spirometry performed (6 to 17years) and 3) an updated problem list reflecting current asthma severity. After hours calls to providers and types of office visits related to to asthma will be tracked. Contextual factors at the clinic and patient level will be examined to assess their association with the outcomes of interest. In addition, measurement of asthma-related quality of life and missed school and work in a sample of 200 subjects from each group will be performed

If shown to be successful, this type of clinical decision support, embedded within the EHR, has the potential to be a powerful tool to improve the implementation of asthma guidelines and clinical practice guidelines for other conditions and illnesses.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1030 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: EHR Decision Support to Improve Outpatient Asthma Care
Study Start Date : July 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Asthma clinical decision support
decision support compared to no decision support in a cluster-randomized trial by practise
Behavioral: Computerized Decision support
Using a clustered randomized method, computerized decision support, embedded in the electronic health record, was offered to selected primary care practices and outcomes of asthma care were compared to those practices without the computerized decision support.
Other Name: electronic health record

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of patients on appropriate asthma controller medication at the end of the trial [ Time Frame: assessed at each visit ]
    each patient who is classified as having persistant asthma should be on at least one appropriate controller medication for asthma.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1) an updated asthma action plan [ Time Frame: updated at least once per year ]
    Each patient should have an asthma care plan updated once per year

  2. 2)documentation of spirometry(6 to 18 yrs)in those with asthma [ Time Frame: spirometry should be done once per year ]
    Each patient should have had spirometry at least once per year.

  3. 3) an updated problem list that reflects an assessment of asthma severity [ Time Frame: tthe asthma severity should be on the problem list ]
    each patient should have their asthma severity classification on the thier chart

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children with the diagnosis of asthma
  • Children enrolled in one of 10 selected primary care practices in the PeRC practice-based research network

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01522144

United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Principal Investigator: Louis M Bell, MD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Responsible Party: lbell, Medical Director of PeRC, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Identifier: NCT01522144     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21HS014873 ( U.S. AHRQ Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 31, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2012
Last Verified: January 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases