TAKO-TSUBO Cardiomyopathy and Genetic
This is a case-control association study with multicentric prospective recruitment.
Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy is a new clinical entity mimicking an acute coronary syndrome. It is characterized by reversible left ventricular dysfunction that is frequently precipitated by a stressful event and most of patients are postmenopausal women.
Several hypotheses concerning pathogenesis of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy have been proposed, but at present, exaggerated sympathetic stimulation is the main hypothesis. However, the investigators don't know why some patients with stressful event may present Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy whereas most of them don't.
The investigators hypothesize that polymorphisms in the genes involved in the adrenergic pathway resulting in greater catecholamine sensitivity would be associated with an increased risk of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Genetic Polymorphisms in Catecholamine Pathway Responsible for the Tako-TSUBO Cardiomyopathy Susceptibly (TAKO-GENE)|
- DNA analysis [ Time Frame: 48 months ]To identify genetic polymorphisms in adrenergic pathway responsible for the Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy susceptibly
- Diagnosis and prognosis of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy [ Time Frame: 48 months ]To assess diagnostic criteria of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy To assess the prognosis of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||November 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients with cardiopathy of tako TSUBO.
Patients with acute coronary syndrome but without Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy.
patients with stressful event (emergency postoperative patients) but without Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy.
We hypothesize that polymorphisms in the genes involved in the adrenergic pathway resulting in greater catecholamine sensitivity would be associated with an increased risk of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy.
Aim of this study:
Primary endpoint: Cognitive study aiming at identifying genetic polymorphisms in adrenergic pathway responsible for the Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy susceptibly.
Secondary endpoint: Study of clinical, ECG, angiographic, echocardiographic characteristics and outcome of patients presenting with Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy.
Case-control association study with multicentric prospective recruitment. The study population will be consisted of 800 Caucasians subjects: 200 patients with Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy and an age- and sex-matched control group (n = 600) of 400 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 200 patients with stressful event (emergency postoperative patients) but without Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy. Sixteen candidates genes from the catecholamine pathway will be studied.
The diagnosis of Tako-TSUBO cardiomyopathy will be defined as (1) an acute chest pain during a stressful incident associated with ST-segment abnormalities and/or increased serum troponin level, (2) transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and (3) no coronary lesions related to the left ventricular dysfunction.
Diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome will be performed according to the definition of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology and European Society of Cardiology.
We will genotype all the known functional SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) and the Tag SNPs representative of at least 80% of the total genetic diversity (available at HapMap web site). SNPs will be studied alone or combined in haplotype.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01520610
|Name: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Ambroise Paré. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines|
|Boulogne Billancourt, Hautes des Seine, France, 92210|
|Principal Investigator:||Nicolas Mansencal, MD, PHD||Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Ambroise Paré. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines|