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Veliparib, Radiation Therapy, and Temozolomide in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Pontine Gliomas

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01514201
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 23, 2012
Results First Posted : August 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and the best dose of veliparib when given together with radiation therapy and temozolomide and to see how well they work in treating younger patients newly diagnosed with diffuse pontine gliomas. Veliparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving veliparib with radiation therapy and temozolomide may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anaplastic Astrocytoma Brain Stem Glioma Childhood Mixed Glioma Fibrillary Astrocytoma Giant Cell Glioblastoma Glioblastoma Gliosarcoma Untreated Childhood Anaplastic Astrocytoma Untreated Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Untreated Childhood Fibrillary Astrocytoma Untreated Childhood Giant Cell Glioblastoma Untreated Childhood Glioblastoma Untreated Childhood Gliosarcoma Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Temozolomide Drug: Veliparib Phase 1 Phase 2

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 66 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of ABT-888, An Oral Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor, and Concurrent Radiation Therapy, Followed by ABT-888 and Temozolomide, in Children With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Pontine Gliomas (DIPG)
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 28, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 28, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (veliparib, temozolomide, 3D-CRT, IMRT)

DOSE-ESCALATION: Patients receive veliparib PO BID 5 days a week for 6-7 weeks. Patients also undergo concurrent 3D-CRT or IMRT QD 5 days a week for 6-7 weeks.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Beginning 3-4 weeks later, patients receive veliparib PO BID on days 1-5 and temozolomide PO QD on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 10 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Optional correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CCRG-81045
  • Imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazine-8-carboxamide, 3, 4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxo-
  • M & B 39831
  • M and B 39831
  • Methazolastone
  • RP-46161
  • SCH 52365
  • Temcad
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • Temomedac

Drug: Veliparib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-888
  • PARP-1 inhibitor ABT-888




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum-tolerated Dose of Veliparib Defined as Highest Dose Level With Fewer Than 2 Dose Limiting Toxicities in 6 Patients as Assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The traditional 3+3 dose finding algorithm was used to estimate the maximum-tolerated dose of veliparib given concurrently with radiation therapy. The dose-limiting toxicity observation period was the first 10 weeks of therapy. Dose-limiting toxicities included any grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity, any grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity with a few exceptions (see section 5.2.1.2 of the protocol document), any grade 2 non-hematologic toxicity that persisted for >7 days and considered medically significant that required treatment interruption; grade 3 or higher thrombocytopenia or grade 4 neutropenia; and any Veliparib related adverse event that led to a dose reduction or the permanent cessation of therapy.

  2. Percentage of Participants Observed to Have Unacceptable Toxicity During the Intra-patient Dose Escalation of Temozolomide During Maintenance Therapy (Feasibility Analysis Population) [ Time Frame: 28 days per treatment cycle ]
    Unacceptable toxicities during maintenance included events at least possibly attributable to Veliparib and temozolomide (TMZ) such as any grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity, any grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity with some exceptions (e.g., grade 3 nausea/vomiting <5 days, grade 3 fever or infection <5 days), grade 3+ thrombocytopenia, grade 4 neutropenia, delay >14 days in starting subsequent cycle due to neutrophil <1,000/mm3 or platelet <100,000/mm3. Maintenance therapy was initiated with 25 mg/m2 Veliparib and 135 mg/m2 of TMZ, with the possibility to escalate TMZ to 175 mg/m2 and 200 mg/m2 in courses 2 and 3, respectively, if no unacceptable toxicities occurred following one course of treatment at each of the dose levels to be tested. Intra-patient dose escalation to a given dose (135, 175, or 200 mg/m2) was halted based on rules employed in 3+3 designs. This dose escalation was intended for all patients but was halted early, during the phase I portion, as it was not well tolerated.

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from initiation of therapy to the date of death from any cause or to the date patient was known to be alive for surviving patients, assessed to up to 3 years ]
    Overall survival was defined as the interval from date on treatment to date of death from any cause or to date of last follow-up. Patients who had not failed (died) at the time of analyses were censored at their last date of contact. The method of Kaplan and Meier was used to estimate overall survival. The 3-year estimate with a 95% confidence interval is reported.

  4. Number of Phase I Patients Who Experienced Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    DLTs were defined as any of the following adverse events that were at least possibly attributable to Veliparib observed during the dose finding phase (the first 10 weeks of therapy). Hematologic dose limiting toxicities included grade 3 and higher thrombocytopenia or grade 4 neutropenia. Non-hematologic dose limiting toxicities included any grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity, any grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity with some exceptions (e.g., nausea and vomiting of <5 days; fever or infection of <5 days; hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia or hypomagnesemia responsive to oral supplementation; elevation of transaminases that return to levels meeting eligibility criteria within 7 days), or any grade non-hematologic toxicity that persisted for >7 days and considered medically significant or sufficiently intolerable by patients that required treatment interruption.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from initiation of treatment to the earliest date of failure (disease progression, death from any cause, or second malignancy), assessed up to 3 years ]
    PFS was defined as the interval from date of treatment initiation to date of first event (disease progression or relapse, second malignancy or death from any cause). Patients who had not failed at the time of analyses were censored at their last date of contact. The method of Kaplan and Meier was used to estimate PFS. A 3-year estimate with a 95% confidence interval is reported.

  2. Percentage of Patients With Pseudo Progression [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    For participants that showed possible tumor progression (pseudo progression) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the first 6 months of therapy, treating physicians had the option of allowing patients to remain on therapy and repeating the disease assessment in 4-6 weeks. If the repeat MRI at 4-6 weeks showed disease progression, the patient was noted to have true disease progression (and the progression date corresponded to that of the first MRI). If the repeat MRI at 4-6 weeks did not show disease progression, then the patient was noted to have pseudo progression. The percentage of patients observed to have experienced pseudo progression was provided with a 95% confidence interval.

  3. Maximum Concentration of Veliparib (Cmax) on Days 1 and 4 (Measured in ng/mL) [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Up to day 4 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis. Cmax measures the highest concentration of drug.

  4. Mean Apparent Clearance (CL/F) for Veliparib [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Up to day 4 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis.

  5. Maximum Concentration of Veliparib (Cmax) on Day 1 (Measured in μM) [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis. Cmax measures the highest concentration of drug.

  6. Apparent Volume of Distribution (Vd/F) for Veliparib [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Up to day 4 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis.

  7. Terminal Half-life (t1/2) for Veliparib [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Up to day 4 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis.

  8. Trough for Veliparib [Pharmacokinetic Parameter] [ Time Frame: Up to day 4 ]
    During course 1, blood samples were collected pre-veliparib on day 1, at 0.5, 1, 2, and 6-8 hours after the first dose, pre-veliparib on day 4 (steady state), and 2 hours after the morning dose. Veliparib concentrations were measured using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated using a non-compartmental analysis.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Percentage of Participants With Significant Changes in Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase (PARP) Levels Post-Veliparib, as Measured in Peripheral Blood Monocytes (PBMCs) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 11 weeks ]
    Blood samples were collected from patients and assessed pre- and post-Veliparib to assess treatment-induced changes. A significant change in PBMC PARP level was arbitrarily defined as a >50% increase or decrease from the pre-treatment level, documented at week 6 and/or week 11 after starting protocol therapy.

  2. Change in Non-homologous End-joining (NHEJ) Activity as Measured in Peripheral Blood Monocytes (PBMCs) [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 3 years ]
    Levels of non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) activity were to be calculated. Cox models to explore associations between the levels of NHEJ and outcome (progression-free survival and overall survival) were planned, in addition to looking at associations between Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity and NHEJ levels.

  3. Change in Level of Gamma-H2A Histone Family, Member X (H2AX) Measured in PBMCs [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 3 years ]
    Levels of gamma-H2A histone family, member X (H2AX) were to be calculated. Cox models to explore associations between the levels of gamma-H2AX and outcome (progression-free survival and overall survival) were planned, in addition to looking at associations between Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity and gamma-H2AX levels.

  4. Levels of Urinary Biomarkers [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 3 years ]
    Urine samples were analyzed for a panel of biomarkers. Netrin-1 levels were determined by ELISA. Levels of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were analyzed using custom Luminex® screening assays. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1) levels were analyzed using a Luminex® performance assay. Protein concentrations are given in picograms per microgram (pg/μg), and were determined by dividing the concentration of the target protein in the sample (pg/mL) by the concentration of total protein in the sample (μg/mL) as a normalization measure.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), defined as tumors with a pontine epicenter and diffuse intrinsic involvement of the pons, are eligible without histologic confirmation; patients with brainstem tumors that do not meet these criteria or not considered to be typical intrinsic pontine gliomas will only be eligible if the tumors are biopsied and proven to be an anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, gliosarcoma, anaplastic mixed glioma, or fibrillary astrocytoma

    • Patients with juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, pilomyxoid astrocytoma, fibrillary astrocytoma, gangliogliomas, or other mixed gliomas without anaplasia are not eligible;
    • Patients with disseminated disease are not eligible, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spine must be performed if disseminated disease is suspected by the treating physician
  • Patient must be able to swallow oral medications to be eligible for study enrollment
  • Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age or Lansky >= 50% for patients =< 16 years of age; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
  • Patients must have not received any prior therapy other than surgery and/or steroids
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3 (unsupported)
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL (unsupported)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)) =< 5 x institutional upper limit of normal for age
  • Albumin >= 2 g/dL
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • 0.6 mg/dL (1 to < 2 years of age)
    • 0.8 mg/dL (2 to < 6 years of age)
    • 1.0 mg/dL (6 to < 10 years of age)
    • 1.2 mg/dL (10 to < 13 years of age)
    • 1.5 mg/dL (male) or 1.4 mg/dL (female) (13 to < 16 years of age)
    • 1.7 mg/dL (male) or 1.4 mg/dL (female) (>= 16 years of age)
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
  • Patients of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes abstinence, while being treated on this study
  • Signed informed consent according to institutional guidelines must be obtained; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any clinically significant unrelated systemic illness (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction), that would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate protocol therapy or would likely interfere with the study procedures or results
  • Patients with inability to return for follow-up visits or obtain follow-up studies required to assess toxicity to therapy
  • Patients with active seizures or a history of seizure are not eligible for study entry, with the exception of patients with documented febrile seizure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01514201


Locations
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United States, California
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford University
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, Illinois
Lurie Children's Hospital-Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
United States, Tennessee
Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
United States, Texas
Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Patricia Baxter Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01514201     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01507324
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-00082
NCI-2012-00082 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PBTC-033
12-C-0213
CDR0000717423
P12978
PBTC-033 ( Other Identifier: Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium )
PBTC-033 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA081457 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA081457 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 23, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 13, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Glioma
Astrocytoma
Gliosarcoma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Temozolomide
Veliparib
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors