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Multimodal Perioperative Pain Management

This study has been completed.
Vejle Hospital
Aarhus University Hospital
Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark Identifier:
First received: December 13, 2011
Last updated: May 27, 2015
Last verified: May 2015

Convalescence after lumbar fusion is dependent on pain. In orthopaedic and abdominal surgery accelerated stay programs with optimized pain management enhance recovery.

The objective is to evaluate the effect of a revised and optimized perioperative fast track program in lumbar fusion surgery.

Condition Intervention
Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Drug: Postoperative epidural morphine Drug: Local anaesthesia

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Official Title: Multimodal Perioperative Pain Management of Circumferential Lumbar Fusion Improves Recovery

Further study details as provided by Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Multimodal management of lumbar fusion [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Back and leg pain on VAS, neurological deficits, hospital stay, bony fusion and Oswestry Disability Index

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Multimodal management of lumbar fusion [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Assessment of the effects of at fast track program with ongoing epidural analgesia, multimodal pain treatment including ketorolac and early intensive mobilization and physiotherapy.

Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: January 2001
Study Completion Date: June 2006
Primary Completion Date: December 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Conservative treatment program

The control group were supervised isometric passive and active exercises by a physiotherapist. On the second day patients were allowed to sit in a chair being instructed to a low intensity exercise training program with regard to back pain and fear of activity. From the third or fourth day stair training, low intensity exercise, daily walks and instruction in home training were allowed.

The intervention group received the same training program but with a faster program plus a higher intensity exercise-training program.

Drug: Postoperative epidural morphine
The control group received postoperative epidural morphine 0.4 mg/ml four times a day, epidural bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml, 3-4 ml on request for 75 hours and a 7 day rehabilitation program.
Other Name: Convalescence after lumbar fusion
Drug: Local anaesthesia
Preemptively and posteruptively, the intervention group received local anaesthesia with bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml, 10 + 10 ml posteriorly and 10 + 10 anteriorly; preemptive epidural analgesia with 3 ml lidocaine 20 mg/ml, 3 ml, 10 ml morphine 0.4 mg/ml plus 5 ml bupivacaine; postoperative continuous epidural analgesia for 72 hours with 250 ml with bupivacaine 1 mg/ml + morphine 50 ug/ml, and 0.5 ml epinephrine 1 mg/ml, 4 ml/hour, and after wound closure ketorolac 30 mg intravenously.
Other Name: Convalescence after lumbar fusion.

Detailed Description:

Major spine surgery is usually associated with high postoperative pain scores and opioid requirements. Epidural analgesia has been reported to be an effective and safe method to control postoperative pain after spinal instrumentation surgery, but the overall effects of pain management on postoperative length of stay and recovery remains debatable.

However, in a multimodal approach, including multimodal non-opioid analgesia to control postoperative pathophysiology and rehabilitation, complications and hospital stay have been reduced after arthroscopy, hip arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty, hip fractures and abdominal surgery and other procedures, when combined with an enhanced recovery program.

The aim of the study is to assess the effect and safety of a combined analgesic regimen consisting of local anesthetic, intra-operative and post-operative continuous epidural analgesia and a single dose ketorolac together with a fast track rehabilitation program after 360 degree lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease and spondylolisthesis < 2


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Degenerative disc disease and Spondylolisthesis up to grade 2 at one to the three lower lumbar levels.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous fusion, metabolic bone disease, severe comorbidity or psychological instability.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01513564

Orthopaedic Research Unit, Aarhus University, Aalborg Hospital
Aalborg, Denmark, 9000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark
Vejle Hospital
Aarhus University Hospital
Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
Principal Investigator: Sten Rasmussen, M.D. Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark
Study Chair: David S. Krum-Moeller, M.D. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Vejle and Give Hospital
Study Chair: Lene R. Lauridsen Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Vejle and Give Hospital
Study Chair: Henrik Kehlet, M.D. Section for Surgical Pathophysiology, Juliane Marie Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen
  More Information

Responsible Party: Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark Identifier: NCT01513564     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ON-07-008-RAS
Study First Received: December 13, 2011
Last Updated: May 27, 2015

Keywords provided by Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark:
Disc disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Opioid
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents processed this record on September 21, 2017