We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Combination Treatment Study in Subjects With Tophaceous Gout With Lesinurad and Febuxostat (CRYSTAL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01510769
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 16, 2012
Results First Posted : May 26, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ardea Biosciences, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This study will compare the serum uric acid lowering effects, clinical benefits, and safety of lesinurad in combination with febuxostat to febuxostat alone in patients with tophaceaous gout.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tophaceous Gout Drug: Lesinurad Drug: Placebo Drug: Febuxostat Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Febuxostat is an XO (Xanthine Oxidase) Inhibitor approved Urate Lowering Therapy (ULT) for patients with gout. Although febuxostat has been demonstrated to be superior to allopurinol in lowering serum urate (sUA) to < 6mg/dL in 3 randomized, controlled clinical trials, proportions of subjects experiencing a reduction in tophus area and gout flares were not significantly different compared to allopurinol. Although this study will allow subjects who are naïve to ULT to enroll, it is anticipated that the majority of subjects will currently be taking or have previously experienced XO Inhibitor therapy. This trial will enroll a population of subjects with high uric acid body burden, as all must demonstrate the presence of tophi.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 330 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter, Placebo- Controlled, Combination Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Lesinurad and Febuxostat Compared to Febuxostat Alone at Lowering Serum Uric Acid and Resolving Tophi in Subjects With Tophaceous Gout
Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Gout
MedlinePlus related topics: Gout

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: lesinurad 400 mg + febuxostat 80 mg Drug: Lesinurad
Tablets, 400 mg once daily (QD)

Drug: Febuxostat
80 mg

Experimental: lesinurad 200 mg + febuxostat 80 mg Drug: Lesinurad
Tablets, 200 mg QD

Drug: Febuxostat
80 mg

Placebo Comparator: placebo + febuxostat 80 mg Drug: Placebo
Tablets, Placebo QD

Drug: Febuxostat
80 mg

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Subjects With a Serum Urate (sUA) Level That is < 5.0 mg/dL by Month 6 [ Time Frame: 6 months, analysis after all subjects complete 12 months ]
    Proportion of subjects with an sUA level that is < 5.0 mg/dL by Month 6

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Resolution of at Least One Target Tophus [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Proportion of subjects who experience complete resolution of at least 1 target tophus by Month 12

  2. Complete or Partial Response of at Least One Tophus [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Proportion of subjects with a best tophus response on at least 1 target tophus of complete (disappearance of at least 1 target tophus) or partial (≥ 50% decrease in the area of at least 1 target tophus) resolution by Month 12

  3. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Proportion of subjects with an improvement from Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI) of at least 0.25 at Month 12. The HAQ-DI assesses a patient's level of functional ability with items scores ranging from 0-3 with 0 being the least disability.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is able to understand the study procedures, the risks involved and willing to provide written informed consent before the first study related activity.
  • Subject is willing to adhere to the visit/protocol schedules.
  • Subject meets the diagnosis of gout as per the American Rheumatism Association
  • Criteria for the Classification of Acute Arthritis of Primary Gout.
  • Subject meets one of the following criteria:
  • Subjects who are not currently taking an approved ULT must have an sUA value of ≥ 8 mg/dL (476 µmol/L).
  • Subjects entering the study on a medically appropriate dose of febuxostat or allopurinol must have an sUA value of ≥ 6.0 mg/dL (357 µmol/L).
  • Subject must be able to take gout flare prophylaxis with colchicine or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (including Cox-2 selective NSAID) ± PPI.
  • Subject with at least 1 measurable tophus on the hands/wrists and/or feet/ankles ≥ 5 mm and ≤ 20 mm in the longest diameter.
  • Body mass index (BMI) < 45 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject with known hypersensitivity or allergy to febuxostat.
  • Subject who is taking any approved urate-lowering medication other than allopurinol or febuxostat that is indicated for the treatment of gout within 8 weeks of the Screening Visit.
  • Subject who previously received pegloticase.
  • Subject who consumes more than 14 drinks of alcohol per week (eg, 1 drink = 5 oz [150 mL] of wine, 12 oz [360 mL] of beer, or 1.5 oz [45 mL] of hard liquor).
  • Subject with a history or suspicion of drug abuse within the past 5 years.
  • Subject with a history of myositis/myopathy or rhabdomyolysis.
  • Subject that requires or may require systemic immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory treatment.
  • Subject with known or suspected human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Subject with a positive test for active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.
  • Subject with a history of malignancy within the previous 5 years with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer that has been treated with no evidence of recurrence, treated cervical dysplasia or treated in situ Grade 1 cervical cancer.
  • Subject within the last 12 months with: unstable angina, New York Heart Association thrombosis; or subjects currently receiving anticoagulants.
  • Subject with uncontrolled hypertension.
  • Subject with an estimated creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min.
  • Subjects with a creatine kinase > 2.5 x ULN at any time during the Screening Period.
  • Subject with active peptic ulcer disease requiring treatment.
  • Subject with a history of xanthinuria, active liver disease, or hepatic dysfunction.
  • Subject receiving chronic treatment with more than 325 mg of salicylates per day.
  • Subject taking valpromide, progabide, or valproic acid.
  • Subject who has received an investigational therapy within 8 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Subject with any other medical or psychological condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator and/or Medical Monitor, might create undue risk to the subject or interfere with the subject's ability to comply with the protocol requirements, or to complete the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01510769

Show Show 124 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ardea Biosciences, Inc.
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Chris Storgard, MD Ardea Biosciences, Inc.
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Ardea Biosciences, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01510769    
Other Study ID Numbers: RDEA594-304
2011-003768-55 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 16, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 26, 2016
Last Update Posted: May 26, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Crystal Arthropathies
Rheumatic Diseases
Purine-Pyrimidine Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolic Diseases
Gout Suppressants
Antirheumatic Agents
Uricosuric Agents
Renal Agents