Autophagy Inhibition to Augment mTOR Inhibition: A Phase I/II Trial of RAD001 and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Previously Treated Renal Cell Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01510119
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2012
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2016
University of Pittsburgh, Hillman Cancer Center
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:
This is an open labeled phase I dose escalation study of HCQ and RAD001 in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma followed by a Phase II trial of RAD001 with HCQ. The target population are patients with one to three prior treatments for advanced renal cell carcinoma. In the phase I portion a traditional 3+3 design will be used to determine the maximal tolerated dose and/or recommended phase II dose for HCQ in combination with RAD001 po 10 mg/day.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: Hydroxychloroquine Drug: RAD001 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This protocol describes a multicenter phase I/II trial of RAD001 in combination with HCQ (phase I anticipated n=6-12) with a 35 patient phase II trial in patients with previously treated (1-3 prior regimens) advanced renal cell carcinoma. The preclinical rationale for this combination is extensive, the safety of HCQ combination strategies has been established, and effective autophagy PD, and PK assays are available to guide development. The practical advantage of combination with HCQ is that this drug is off patent, commercially available, and is IND exempt. The institutions involved have combined 11 clinical protocols open for accrual involving HCQ, so regulatory approval will be rapid. There are no competing HCQ protocols for advanced renal cell carcinoma. As described in the sample size justification we are setting a high threshold to consider RAD001 + HCQ active since there are many competitors and other potential rational combinations. The 35 patient sample size is designed as a 2 stage phase II trial that will guide the go/no-go decision regarding the conduct of a followup randomized study to definitively prove efficacy. The primary (6 month PFS) and secondary outcomes (response rate, toxicity rates, correlative endpoints) will be analyzed for the entire group, and for patient populations stratified by number of prior therapies. The phase I portion of this trial is anticipated to be short, based on our experience from other HCQ trials. As a safety measure we have included intermediate dose levels which will only be used if there are Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs). Since we have seen responses at lower doses of HCQ in other trials, and because frequently over months HCQ dose is lowered from Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) doses in many trials because of nausea and anorexia, we would like to have some data on renal cell patients treated at the lower dose levels. If there is activity demonstrated at lower doses, this would be informative for dose modification decisions in patients treated on the dose expansion. The patient population for this trial, including the phase I dose escalation portion is advanced renal cell carcinoma with 1-3 prior treatments.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Autophagy Inhibition to Augment mTOR Inhibition: A Phase I/II Trial of RAD001 and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Previously Treated Renal Cell Carcinoma
Study Start Date : September 2011
Primary Completion Date : July 2016

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PFS [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1 Histological evidence of metastatic renal cell carcinoma that has been previously treated with 1-3 prior regimens .

    • 2 Phase I only, any number of prior regimens with evidence of progressive disease 3 Patients must have at least one measurable site of disease according to RECIST criteria that has not been previously irradiated. If the patient has had previous radiation to the marker lesion(s), there must be evidence of progression since the radiation
    • 4 Age 18 years
    • 5 ECOG performance status £ 2
    • 6 Adequate bone marrow function as shown by: ANC 1.5 x 109/L, Platelets 100 x 109/L, Hb 9 g/dL
    • 7 Adequate liver function as shown by:
    • 8 Serum bilirubin 1.5 x ULN
    • 9 ALT and AST 2.5x ULN ( 5x ULN in patients with liver metastases)
    • 10 INR and PTT 1.5. (Anticoagulation is allowed if target INR 1.5 on a stable dose of warfarin or on a stable dose of anticoagulant for 2 weeks at time of randomization.) Adequate renal function: serum creatinine 2.0 x ULN or CrCl 60 11 Fasting serum cholesterol 300 mg/dL OR 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides 2.5 x ULN. NOTE: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication.

      12 Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patients currently receiving anticancer therapy or who have received anticancer therapy within 4 weeks of the start of study drug (including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibody based therapy, etc.). To prevent explosive disease progression associated with angigoenic rebound from impacting the results of this study, patients who have received prior antiangiogenic therapy in the form of a small molecule multikinase inhibitor or bevacizumab must be off prior therapy for 1 week and have antiangiogenic therapy-associated AEs resolve to grade 2 before starting study treatment.

    2 Patients, who have had a major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of start of study drug, patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any major surgery or patients that may require major surgery during the course of the study 3 Prior treatment with any investigational drug within the preceding 4 weeks .4 Patients receiving chronic, systemic treatment with corticosteroids or another immunosuppressive agent. Topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed.

    5 Patients should not receive immunization with attenuated live vaccines within one week of study entry or during study period

    • 6 Uncontrolled brain or leptomeningeal metastases, including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases 7 Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for adequately treated carcinoma of the cervix or basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin, Stage I resected melanoma, DCIS, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, resected, basal cell carcinoma, indolent prostate cancer 8 Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as:
    • 9 Symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association Class III or IV 10 Unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within 6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or any other clinically significant cardiac disease 11 Severely impaired lung function with a previously documented spirometry and DLCO that is 50% of the normal predicted value and/or 02 saturation that is 88% or less at rest on room air 12 Uncontrolled diabetes as defined by fasting serum glucose 1.5 x ULN
    • 13 Active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections
    • 14 Liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis
    • 15 A known history of HIV seropositivity as reported by the patient
    • 16 Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of RAD001 (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection)
    • 17 Patients with an active, bleeding diathesis 18 Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods. If barrier contraceptives are being used, these must be continued throughout the trial by both sexes. Hormonal contraceptives are not acceptable as a sole method of contraception. (Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to administration of RAD001) 19 Patients who have received prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus).(Phase I prior mTOR inhibitor allowed) 20 Patients with a known hypersensitivity to RAD001 (everolimus) or other rapamycins (sirolimus, temsirolimus) or to its excipients 21 History of noncompliance to medical regimens
    • 22 Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol .23 A detailed assessment of Hepatitis B/C medical history and risk factors must be done at screening for all patients. HBV DNA and HCV RNA PCR testing are required at screening for all patients with a positive medical history based on risk factors and/or confirmation of prior HBV/HCV infection.

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01510119

United States, New Jersey
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
University of Pittsburgh, Hillman Cancer Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh, Hillman Cancer Center
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Responsible Party: Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania Identifier: NCT01510119     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UPCC 07811
First Posted: January 13, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents