Biomarkers for Noninvasive Assessment of Human Hydration

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01507129
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 10, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2012
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gaia Medical Institute

Brief Summary:
Low levels of dehydration (the loss of body water corresponding to 2% of the body weight), deteriorate physical and cognitive performance and may also be linked to a number of chronic diseases. The standard test used for the assessment of hydration status is plasma osmolality. This blood test is invasive, requires time and laboratory equipment and is not accurate for isotonic dehydration. The goal of this project is to determine whether a new molecular technology, saliva-based Stress Response Profiling (SRP) biomarkers, could be used for non-invasive diagnostics of dehydration.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:

Dehydration, or the loss of body water, is a common health problem during military operations, athletic events and illness, particularly in children and the elderly. Warfighters frequently become dehydrated when training or fighting in hot and mountainous environments because heat and high altitude increase body water losses. The negative consequences of dehydration worsen as body water losses increase. Severe dehydration (>10%) is a life-threatening emergency that may result in heat illness, seizures, permanent brain damage or death. The most common type of dehydration is caused by sweat loss during heavy physical labor or exercise (hypertonic dehydration). A different type of dehydration can be caused by blood loss, burns, diarrhea, vomiting or diuretic drugs used for example by diabetics (isotonic dehydration). Despite the critical importance of proper fluid balance to human performance and health, no field-expedient, non-invasive dehydration test is available for either form of dehydration. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop a field-expedient, non-invasive test for both types of dehydration. The test will be sensitive to 2% dehydration, a critical threshold for performance impairment and a statistically valid decision point for hydration assessment.

Design: Fifteen volunteers will be first euhydrated (well-hydrated) and then moderately dehydrated (2-4%) using two procedures. First, sweat loss during exercise in the heat without fluids (hypertonic dehydration). Second, excessive urination stimulated by a diuretic pill called Lasix (isotonic dehydration). SRP biomarkers in saliva samples will be compared to changes in body weight, and to known hydration indicators in blood and urine. Results will identify the best SRP biomarkers for diagnosing both types of dehydration and compare accuracy of the new saliva test to the existing hydration indicators.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Biomarkers for Noninvasive Assessment of Human Hydration
Study Start Date : October 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dehydration

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Plasma, Serum, Urine, Saliva

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Aerobically fit individuals

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Informed Consent Form
  • Males and females between 18-40, healthy and aerobically fit determined by VO2max test. Minimum 45 ml/kg/min for males and 40 ml/kg/min for females
  • Willing to stop drinking any alcoholic beverages, taking all supplements and limit medications to those approved for the study
  • No heart conditions assessed by medical history and passing the PAR-Q
  • Complete and pass medical exam

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Positive response to any PAR-Q questions
  • Physical problems/injuries associated with walking or cycling
  • VO2Max below 45 ml/kg/min for men and 40 ml/kg/min for women
  • Allergy to sulfa drugs
  • Existing heart and or lung conditions
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • History of heat illness or heat injury
  • History of kidney stones or chronic renal problems
  • History of orthostatic hypotension, diabetes or gout
  • Taking certain medications: NSAIDS [anti-inflammatory/pain medications], digitalis [a type of heart medication], lithium and anti-depressants [medications used in psychiatry], anti-hypertensives [medications to lower the blood pressure], anti-fungals [medications used to treat infectious type of mold], supplements or anti-cholinergic drugs)
  • Taking any supplements, particularly creatine in 24 hours before the start of the study, or during the study
  • Alcohol consumption 24 hours before the start of the study, or during the study
  • Incapable to give informed consent
  • Anemia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01507129

United States, California
Clinical and Translational Research Institute
San Diego, California, United States, 92037
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gaia Medical Institute
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Principal Investigator: Peter D Wagner, M.D. University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator: Sarka Southern, Ph.D. Gaia Medical Institute

Responsible Party: Gaia Medical Institute Identifier: NCT01507129     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DM102745
First Posted: January 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012

Keywords provided by Gaia Medical Institute:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
Metabolic Diseases
Pathologic Processes