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Hip Fracture Surgery and Oral Nutritional Supplements (HIATUS)

This study has been terminated.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nestlé Identifier:
First received: December 22, 2011
Last updated: November 22, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
Senior hip fracture patients are the most vulnerable to malnutrition and protein deficiency. Low protein intake, like vitamin D deficiency, contribute to an increased risk for hip fracture. Notably, several clinical trials with protein supplementation in senior hip fracture patients resulted in fewer deaths, shorter hospital stay, and a higher likelihood of return to independent living. The proposal is to test the effect of an oral nutritional supplement (ONS) which has been designed to meet the specific nutrient needs of senior bone and muscle health. The hypothesis is that this ONS will improve functional recovery after hip fracture (as measured by Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)), improve quality of life, improve muscle mass, and- decrease falls and hospital re-admission after hip fracture.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hip Fracture
Dietary Supplement: Oral nutritional Supplement
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effect of a Nutritional Intervention on Hip Fracture Surgery Recovery

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Nestlé:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Nutritional status [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Muscle strength [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: January 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Specialized Oral Nutritional Supplement Dietary Supplement: Oral nutritional Supplement
Specialized nutritional supplement for seniors
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Dietary Supplement: Placebo
placebo product with no specific nutrients


Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years and older   (Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age (70+);
  • Had an acute hip fracture and surgical treatment
  • Able to walk at least 3 meters without assistance of another person, with or without a walking aid other than a wheeled walker prior to hip fracture MMSE >=18 (proxy will be informed in addition if MMS-score ≤ 24)
  • Able to perform the SPPB at baseline
  • No prior hip fracture
  • Patient (and/or his/her legal representatives/relatives) understands the study procedure, alternative treatments available and risks involved with the study, and voluntarily agrees to participate by giving his/her (or his/her legal representative's/relatives) written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Baseline visit can not be performed between the second and tenth postoperative day.
  • Milk protein allergy
  • Patients with conservative treatment for hip fracture
  • Serum calcium adjusted for albumin of > 2.6 mmol/L
  • Pathologic fracture in the last year (except for fractures due to osteoporosis)
  • Chemo therapy / Radiation /antihormonal therapy due to cancer in the last year
  • Treatment which has an effect on calcium metabolism (e.g. PTH, calcitonin, chronic cortisone intake > 5mg/day in the last 12 months (except for inhalation and sporadic infiltration))
  • Oral vitamin D intake of more than 1000 IU per day during the last 3 months before the study
  • Unwilling to stop multi-vitamin, calcium supplementation, and vitamin D supplementation during the trial (maximal calcium supplement intake 250mg/d; no additional vitamin D supplementation). We will inform the treating physician that we initiated vitamin D supplementation as standard of care.
  • Severe visual or hearing impairment
  • Unwilling or unable to take study medication
  • Diseases with a risk of recurrent falling (e.g. Parkinson's disease/syndrome, Hemiplegia after stroke, symptomatic stenosis of the spinal canal, polyneuropathy, epilepsy, recurring vertigo, recurring syncope) BMI ≥ 40
  • Estimated creatinine clearance < 15 ml/min (estimated Creatinine Clearance cockcroft and Gault)
  • Malabsorption syndrome (celiac diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, hepatic and/or pancreas dysfunction)
  • Diseases that may enhance serum calcium: sarcoidosis, lymphoma, primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Kidney stone in the last 10 years
  • Patient heavily consumes alcohol containing products defined as greater than (>) 3 drinks (beer, wine, or distilled spirits) of alcoholic beverages per day.
  • Patients who are planning a stay in a "sunny" location (e.g. winter sun resort) for more than one month during the trial
  • Medication which has an effect on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level (e.g. certain anticonvulsants (e.g. Phenobarbital, Carbamazepin, Phenytoin) M. Paget (Ostitis deformans)
  • Inflammatory arthritis (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, reiter syndrome, psoriasis arthritis)
  • Uncontrolled metabolic conditions, or psychiatric conditions that might make tolerance or evaluation of the feeding formula difficult
  • Severe acute and/or chronic disease that makes the performance of the study assessments impossible (e.g. severe infection/sepsis, myocardial infarction, heart failure, respiratory failure or renal failure);
  • Patient is taking peripherally acting anti-adiposity drugs (e.g. Xenical®, formoline L112®, (Acomplia®))
  • Patients taking protein supplements (>15g per serving more than once a week) or are unwilling to stop any protein supplements during the trial Participation in a study in the last 6 month, except for studies without drug-application, or any influence of the study-medication can be excluded
  • Patient is unlikely to adhere to the study procedures, to keep appointments, or is planning to relocate during the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01505985

University of Zurich,Dept. of Rheumatology and Institute of Physical Medicine,
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Heike Bischoff-Ferrari,, MD, DrPH University of Zurich
  More Information

Responsible Party: Nestlé Identifier: NCT01505985     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NES1026CLI
Study First Received: December 22, 2011
Last Updated: November 22, 2013

Keywords provided by Nestlé:
Hip fracture
Functional recovery

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fractures, Bone
Hip Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Femoral Fractures
Hip Injuries
Leg Injuries processed this record on April 26, 2017