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Atrioventricular Valve Regurgitation Vena Contracta; Echo Versus MRI

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Children's Hospital and Health System Foundation, Wisconsin
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edward Kirkpatrick, Medical College of Wisconsin Identifier:
First received: January 3, 2012
Last updated: February 17, 2017
Last verified: February 2017

The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate mitral (left atrioventricular valve) and tricuspid (right atrioventricular valve (AVV)) regurgitation using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as the non-invasive "gold standard" compared to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to evaluate measurements of the width of the regurgitation jet (vena contracta (VC)) to demonstrate the utility of the VC as a means to objectively evaluate atrioventricular valve regurgitation. In addition, feasibility and other quantitative and qualitative measures of regurgitation will be compared between CMR and TTE.

  • Hypothesis 1: The ability to objectively evaluate atrioventricular valve regurgitation and VC width with TTE and CMR has a high feasibility rate with acceptable intra and inter-observer variability by two independent readers.
  • Hypothesis 2: There will be positive correlation between the TTE measurement of the VC width and quantitative assessment of atrioventricular valve regurgitation by TTE and CMR.
  • Hypothesis 3: There will be a positive correlation between the quantitative measurements of atrioventricular valve regurgitation by phase contrast velocity encoded CMR with quantitative values as measured by TTE.
  • Hypothesis 4: There will be a positive correlation between qualitative assessment of atrioventricular valve regurgitation by CMR compared to TTE.

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation, Non-rheumatic
Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of Mitral and Tricuspid Regurgitation: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging Versus Echocardiographic Doppler Color Flow Mapping of the Vena Contracta

Further study details as provided by Medical College of Wisconsin:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Vena Contracta Value [ Time Frame: At time of Echo and MRI ]
    Comparison of the echocardiographic measured vena contracta with quantitative value of mitral or tricuspid regurgitation as measured by MRI.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mitral and Tricuspid Regurgitation Fraction [ Time Frame: At time of Echo and MRI ]
    Quantitative echo measurements of mitral or tricuspid valve regurgitation fraction will be correlated to MRI derived regurgitation fraction of the mitral or tricuspid valves.

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: June 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
BACKGROUND, SIGNIFICANCE, AND RATIONALE (including preliminary studies and any results) The integrity of the two atrioventricular valves (AVV)(i.e., the mitral and tricuspid valve) plays an important role in the evaluation and management of patients with congenital and acquired heart disease. Loss of valve integrity (i.e., valve leakage in the reverse direction of normal blood flow), is known as valve regurgitation. Increasing severity of mitral regurgitation has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Tricuspid regurgitation can be a progressive problem that results in right atrial and ventricular dilation and possible right heart failure. Similarly, mitral valve regurgitation can result in left atrial and left ventricular enlargement. Treatment options for valvular regurgitation are based upon the degree of regurgitation in both adults and children. Therefore, assessment of the degree of AV valvular regurgitation has important clinical ramifications. AV valve regurgitation can be assessed in several ways, including both invasive and noninvasive modalities. The invasive assessment is performed by cardiac catheterization which enables qualitative and quantitative measurements of AV valve regurgitation and in the past has been considered the "gold standard". Noninvasive assessment is still the preferred method and consists of echocardiography, electrocardiography, chest x-ray, and CMR. TTE can be used qualitatively to describe the amount of AV valve regurgitation by the degree of color flow Doppler reflux into the left atrium during left ventricular contraction. This approach grades the regurgitation as mild, moderate or severe similar to angiographic grading systems, but is relatively subjective and affected by technical factors. TTE can quantitatively evaluate AV valve regurgitation through calculation of regurgitation orifice area, regurgitation volume and regurgitation fraction. These methods have been shown to have a good correlation when used for mitral valves compared to cardiac catheterization and CMR in adults. However, quantitative techniques are time consuming and require multiple measurements and more complex calculations. A simpler technique of objectively characterizing the regurgitation of the AV valves by TTE is measuring the width of the vena contracta (VC). The VC is the narrowest portion of a regurgitant jet which occurs at the level of or just below the valve leaflets and represents the effective regurgitant orifice. In adult studies, this method has shown that increase in VC width of the mitral valve strongly correlates with qualitative angiographic grades and quantitative measurements of regurgitant volume by cardiac catheterization and is a better assessment of regurgitation than measuring the regurgitant jet by TTE. Changes in VC width also had strong correlation with quantitative measurements of regurgitant volume and regurgitant orifice area using TTE. It is our intent to evaluate the feasibility and correlation of measurements of AV valve regurgitation by TTE with focus on the VC in pediatric patients compared to the non-invasive "gold standard" measurements by CMR.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients scheduled for clinically indicated MRI and have had an echocardiogram in the last 6 months with AV Valve (AVV) Insufficiency.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Audible AV valve regurgitation on clinical exam, as noted by most recent clinic note.
  • Clinically indicated CMR study scheduled and have had an echocardiogram in the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Poor quality CMR study
  • Unable to complete a CMR
  • Have a contraindication to CMR scan (e.g., pregnancy, pacemaker or defibrillator presence, unable to hold still within scanner for imaging)
  • Common AV valve
  • Corresponding semilunar valve regurgitation which precludes use of stroke volume comparison as a second means of assessing AVV regurgitation by CMR
  • Intracardiac shunts which precludes use of stroke volume comparison as a second means of assessing AVV regurgitation by CMR.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01504880

United States, Wisconsin
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical College of Wisconsin
Children's Hospital and Health System Foundation, Wisconsin
Principal Investigator: Edward Kirkpatrick, DO Children's Hospital and Health System Foundation, Wisconsin
  More Information

Responsible Party: Edward Kirkpatrick, Associate Professor, Pediatrics, Cardiology, Medical College of Wisconsin Identifier: NCT01504880     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHW 09/155
GC 960 ( Other Identifier: Medical College of Wisconsin )
Study First Received: January 3, 2012
Last Updated: February 17, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Medical College of Wisconsin:
Mitral Regurgitation
Tricuspid Regurgitation
Vena Contracta

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017