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Vorinostat,Lenalinomide and Dexamethasone in Multiple Myeloma Refractory to Previous Lenalinomide Containing Regimens (RZD)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hackensack University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: December 27, 2011
Last updated: August 21, 2015
Last verified: August 2015
Phase IIb clinical trial to determine if resistance to a lenalidomide containing regimen can be overcome by the addition of vorinostat, in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Vorinostat, Lenalinomide and Dexamethasone
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIb Trial of Vorinostat in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Multiple Myeloma Patients Refractory to Previous Lenalidomide Containing Regimens

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Hackensack University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess the overall response rate (PR or better) of vorinostat in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed/refractory MM refractory to a previous lenalidomide containing regimen. [ Time Frame: within 60 days after last dose of lenalinomide containing regimen or until progression on therapy ]

    Defined as:

    1. Progression on therapy OR within 60 days after the last dose of a lenalidomide containing regimen OR
    2. No clinical response (<MR) on a lenalidomide containing regimen An overall response rate of 25% or more will be acceptable, while an overall response of less than or equal to 16% will be considered unacceptable. Response will be assessed according to a modified International Working Group Uniform Response Criteria (Durie et al., 2006)

Estimated Enrollment: 92
Study Start Date: December 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vorinostat, Lenalinomide, Dexamethasone

Vorinostat: 400 mg po days 1-7 and 15-21 Lenalidomide: 25 mg po days 1-21

* Lenalidomide dose for patients with renal impairment (CrCL<50ml/min) has be dose adjusted according to package insert Dexamethasone: 40mg po days 1, 8, 15 and 22 for patients aged less than 75 years, 20mg for those aged 75 years and above

Drug: Vorinostat, Lenalinomide and Dexamethasone

Vorinostat: 400 mg po days 1-7 and 15-21 Lenalidomide: 25 mg po days 1-21

* Lenalidomide dose for patients with renal impairment (CrCL<50ml/min) has be dose adjusted according to package insert

Dexamethasone: 40mg po days 1, 8, 15 and 22 for patients aged less than 75 years, 20mg for those aged 75 years and above

Detailed Description:

lenalidomide has been investigated in combination with both lenalidomide and bortezomib regimens. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that the study doctors are trying to find out more about it; such as the safest dose to use, the side effects it may cause, and if the drug is effective for treating relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.

Lenalidomide is a drug that alters the immune system and it may also interfere with the development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may reduce or prevent the growth of cancer cells. Lenalidomide is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in combination with dexamethasone for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least 1 prior therapy. MDS and MM are cancers of the blood. It is currently being tested in a variety of cancer conditions. In this case it is considered experimental because the FDA has not approved this combination. Your will receive 25mg of lenalidomide on days 1-21 every 28 days.

Vorinostat is a drug that interferes with the life sustaining functions of the tumor cells. It has already received regulatory approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of T-cell non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in the United States. The usage of vorinostat in Multiple Myeloma is experimental (investigational) and has not been approved by the FDA, but studies in combination with proteasome inhibitors (bortezomib) and immunomodulatory (lenalidomide) agents are ongoing. You will receive either 400mg of vorinostat on days 1-7 and 15-21 every 28 days.

Dexamethasone is a steroid that is known to cause cell death in multiple myeloma. Dexamethasone is FDA approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma and many other disease states. You will receive either Dexamethasone 40mg for those less than 75 years of age or 20mg for those aged 75 years and above on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 every 28 days In this research study the investigators are looking to evaluate the safety and efficacy of vorinostat when combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in treating relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma, refractory to lenalidomide.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible to enroll in this study:

    • International Staging System symptomatic multiple myeloma, as recently defined (Kyle et al., 2009) or Durie-Salmon stage I-III multiple myeloma, after at least one (1) prior anti-myeloma regimen.
    • Refractory to lenalidomide (administered either with dexamethasone or in combination with other agents); refractory will be defined as no response (<MR) or PD on or within 60 days of discontinuing a prior lenalidomide-containing regimen.
    • Measurable monoclonal protein by serum or urine; or FLC level ≥ 10mg/dL (with abnormal FLC ratio), or measurable extramedullary plasmacytomas:
    • No prior HDAC inhibitor
    • Age ≥ 18 years
    • Performance status ECOG 0-3
    • Acceptable organ function as defined by:
  • Bilirubin <2 x upper limit of normal
  • ALT and AST <2.5 x upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine <3.0 mg/dL
  • ANC ≥1.0 x 109/L
  • Platelet count ≥50 x 109/L

    • QTc interval ≤ 470ms
    • Non-pregnant and non-lactating
    • Life expectancy of more than six months
    • Written informed consent in accordance with federal, local and institutional guidelines
    • Females of Child Bearing Potential* (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test, with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10-14 days and again within 24 hours prior to prescribing lenalidomide for cycle 1 (prescription must be filled with 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO methods of acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method AND one additional effective method of birth control (contraception) AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy Testing. (See Appendix G: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods) *A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
    • Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy (See Appendix G: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods)
    • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
    • Subjects must adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements and receive outpatient treatment and laboratory monitoring at the institute that administers the drug.
    • Subjects must agree to take enteric-coated aspirin 81-325 mg orally daily, or if history of prior thrombotic disease or allergy to aspirin, must be fully anticoagulated with warfarin (INR 2-3), Pradaxa® or be treated with full-dose, low molecular weight heparin, as if to treat deep venous thrombosis (DVT)/pulmonary embolism.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must not meet any of the following exclusion criteria to be eligible to enroll in this study:

    • Subjects with non-secretory or hyposecretory multiple myeloma, defined as <0.5 g/dL M-protein in serum and <200 mg/24 hr Bence Jones protein in urine and serum free light chain <10mg/dL (<100 mg/L)
    • Any other uncontrolled medical condition or comorbidity that might interfere with subject's participation
    • Pregnant or breast feeding females
    • CrCl <30 ml/min or renal failure requiring hemodialysis
    • Prior history or malignancy other than multiple myeloma, unless patient has been disease free of the disease for ≥3 years.
    • Prior or local irradiation within two weeks before screening
    • Evidence of central nervous system (CNS) involvement
    • Unable to take corticosteroids at study entry
    • Peripheral neuropathy of ≥ grade 3 severity
    • Inability or unwillingness to comply with birth control requirements
    • Unable to take antithrombotic medicines at study entry
    • Refusal to participate in study
    • Persons protected by a legal regime (guardianship, trusteeship)
    • Chemotherapy with approved or investigative anticancer therapeutics, including steroid therapy dose as defined above, within 3 weeks prior to first dose
    • Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III to IV), symptomatic ischemia, conduction abnormalities uncontrolled by conventional intervention or myocardial infarction in the previous six months
    • Acute active infection requiring systemic antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within two weeks prior to first dose
    • Known or suspected HIV infection, known HIV seropositivity, or active hepatitis A, B, or C infection
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01502085

United States, New Jersey
John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hackensack University Medical Center
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Principal Investigator: David Siegel, M.D., Ph.D Hackensack University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hackensack University Medical Center Identifier: NCT01502085     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO-2580
Study First Received: December 27, 2011
Last Updated: August 21, 2015

Keywords provided by Hackensack University Medical Center:
multiple myeloma lenalidomide

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists processed this record on April 28, 2017