Gadoxetic Acid-enhanced MR Evaluation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Dysplastic Nodules in the Cirrhotic Liver (PriMPa)
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Gadoxetic Acid-enhanced MR Evaluation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Dysplastic Nodules in the Cirrhotic Liver: Prospective Pathologic Correlation With Explanted Liver|
- Diagnostic sensitivity of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging to detect HCC in the cirrhotic liver, using thin-section whole-explant as the standard of reference [ Time Frame: Within the first week after liver explantation ]
- Specificity of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging to detect HCC in the cirrhotic liver, using thin-section whole-explant as standard of reference [ Time Frame: Within the first week after liver explantation ]
- Sensitivity and specificity of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging to detect dysplastic nodules [ Time Frame: Within one week after liver transplantation ]To assess the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging to detect dysplastic nodules in the cirrhotic liver, using thin-section whole-explant as standard of reference
- To characterize borderline hepatocelluar nodules [ Time Frame: Within one week after liver transplantation ]To characterize borderline hepatocelluar nodules (i.e.,1-3cm sized nodules without arterial hypervascularity) in the cirrhotic liver detected on hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR
|Study Start Date:||January 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
liver cirrhosis, liver transplantation
Patients with known liver cirrhosis and planned to undergo liver transplantation within 1 month will be eligible population in the study
Liver cirrhosis is a progressive, diffuse disease of the liver characterized by hepatocyte necrosis, fibrosis, distortion of the normal hepatic architecture and a spectrum of nodular lesions that includes regenerative nodules (RN), dysplastic nodules (DN) and hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Since HCC is the leading cause of death among the patients with liver cirrhosis, Early and accurate diagnosis of HCC and its precursors by using optimal imaging technique is critical for its treatment and management.
Recently state-of-the-art magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with gadoxetic acid, which works both an extracellular and hepatocyte-specific contrast agent, has been increasing used to evaluate the patients with liver cirrhosis. Several studies correlated gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR of HCC and hepatocellular nodules with the pathology from biopsy or surgical resection specimens. However, all of those studies are limited by its lack of complete correlation between pathologic and imaging findings and the resulting bias being toward the positive studies. Ideally, the use of whole explant pathologic correlation would be helpful for exact characterization of HCC and its precursors on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR.
The question of our study is how accurate gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR is in the evaluation of the patients with cirrhotic liver to detect HCC and dysplastic nodules and, by using thin-section whole-explant correlation following liver transplantation as the reference standard.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01501240
|Korea, Republic of|
|Asan Medical Center|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 138-736|
|Division of Abdomen, Department of Radiology & Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 138-736|
|Principal Investigator:||Jae Ho Byun, MD, PhD||University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center|